Fiji

Fiji IslandsRepublic of FijiFijianFijian IslandsRepublic of the Fiji IslandsFiji IslanderFidjiFiji IslandFijian archipelagoFJ
Fiji (Viti ; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य; Fiji Gaṇarājya), is an island country in Melanesia, part of Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about 1100 nmi northeast of New Zealand's North Island.wikipedia
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Vanuatu

Republic of Vanuatuni-VanuatuNew Hebrides
Its closest neighbours are Vanuatu to the west, New Caledonia to the southwest, New Zealand's Kermadec Islands to the southeast, Tonga to the east, the Samoas and France's Wallis and Futuna to the northeast, and Tuvalu to the north.
The archipelago, which is of volcanic origin, is 1750 km east of northern Australia, 540 km northeast of New Caledonia, east of New Guinea, southeast of the Solomon Islands, and west of Fiji.

Oceania

South PacificPacificSouthwest Pacific
Fiji (Viti ; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य; Fiji Gaṇarājya), is an island country in Melanesia, part of Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about 1100 nmi northeast of New Zealand's North Island.
(The United Nations has its own geopolitical definition of Oceania, but this consists of discrete political entities, and so excludes the Bonin Islands, Hawaii, Clipperton Island, and the Juan Fernández Islands, along with Easter Island.) Oceania has a diverse mix of economies from the highly developed and globally competitive financial markets of Australia and New Zealand, which rank high in quality of life and human development index, to the much less developed economies that belong to countries such as Kiribati and Tuvalu, while also including medium-sized economies of Pacific islands such as Palau, Fiji and Tonga.

Tonga

Kingdom of TongaFriendly IslandsTongan
Its closest neighbours are Vanuatu to the west, New Caledonia to the southwest, New Zealand's Kermadec Islands to the southeast, Tonga to the east, the Samoas and France's Wallis and Futuna to the northeast, and Tuvalu to the north.
It is surrounded by Fiji and Wallis and Futuna (France) to the northwest, Samoa to the northeast, Niue to the east (which is the nearest foreign territory), Kermadec (part of New Zealand) to the southwest, and New Caledonia (France) and Vanuatu to the farther west.

Viti Levu

Viti Levu WestViti Levu, Fiji
The two major islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, account for 87% of the total population of.
Viti Levu (pronounced ) is the largest island in the Republic of Fiji, the site of the nation's capital, Suva, and home to a large majority of Fiji's population.

Suva

Suva, FijiTamavuacapital city
The capital, Suva, on Viti Levu, serves as the country's principal cruise-ship port.
Suva is the capital and largest metropolitan city in Fiji.

Tuvalu

Ellice IslandsElliceEllice group
Its closest neighbours are Vanuatu to the west, New Caledonia to the southwest, New Zealand's Kermadec Islands to the southeast, Tonga to the east, the Samoas and France's Wallis and Futuna to the northeast, and Tuvalu to the north.
The island country lies east-northeast of the Santa Cruz Islands (which belong to the Solomon Islands), southeast of Nauru, south of Kiribati, west of Tokelau, northwest of Samoa and Wallis and Futuna, and north of Fiji.

Vanua Levu

Sandalwood IslandVana LevuVanua Levu Island
The two major islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, account for 87% of the total population of.
Vanua Levu (pronounced ), formerly known as Sandalwood Island, is the second largest island of Fiji.

Wallis and Futuna

Wallis and Futuna IslandsWallis IslandsWallis-et-Futuna
Its closest neighbours are Vanuatu to the west, New Caledonia to the southwest, New Zealand's Kermadec Islands to the southeast, Tonga to the east, the Samoas and France's Wallis and Futuna to the northeast, and Tuvalu to the north.
Wallis and Futuna, officially the Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands (Wallis-et-Futuna or Territoire des îles Wallis-et-Futuna, Fakauvea and Fakafutuna: Uvea mo Futuna), is a French island collectivity in the South Pacific between Tuvalu to the northwest, Fiji to the southwest, Tonga to the southeast, Samoa to the east, and Tokelau to the northeast.

Taveuni

Taveuni IslandTaveuni, Fiji
Some geothermal activity still occurs today, on the islands of Vanua Levu and Taveuni.
Taveuni (pronounced ) is the third-largest island in Fiji, after Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, with a total land area of 434 km2.

Melanesia

Geography of MelanesiaHistory of MelanesiaMelanesian
Fiji (Viti ; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य; Fiji Gaṇarājya), is an island country in Melanesia, part of Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about 1100 nmi northeast of New Zealand's North Island.
The region includes the four independent countries of Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Fiji, and Papua New Guinea, as well as the French special collectivity of New Caledonia, and the Indonesian region of Western New Guinea.

Lautoka

Lautoka, FijiLautoka City
About three-quarters of Fijians live on Viti Levu's coasts, either in Suva or in smaller urban centres such as Nadi—where tourism is the major local industry —or Lautoka, where the sugar-cane industry is paramount.
Lautoka is the second largest city of Fiji.

New Caledonia

New-CaledoniaNouvelle-CalédonieNCL
Its closest neighbours are Vanuatu to the west, New Caledonia to the southwest, New Zealand's Kermadec Islands to the southeast, Tonga to the east, the Samoas and France's Wallis and Futuna to the northeast, and Tuvalu to the north.
As trade in sandalwood declined, it was replaced by a new business enterprise, "blackbirding", a euphemism for taking Melanesian or Western Pacific Islanders from New Caledonia, the Loyalty Islands, New Hebrides, New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands into indentured or forced labour in the sugar cane plantations in Fiji and Queensland by various methods of trickery and deception.

2006 Fijian coup d'état

military coup2006 military coupcoup d'état
In a coup in 2006, Commodore Frank Bainimarama seized power.
Fiji had seen four definitive coups in the past two decades.

Ratu

chiefschiefchiefly
When the High Court ruled the military leadership unlawful in 2009, President Ratu Josefa Iloilo, whom the military had retained as the nominal Head of State, formally abrogated the 1997 Constitution and re-appointed Bainimarama as interim Prime Minister.
Ratu (raatuu) is an Austronesian title used by male Fijians of chiefly rank.

Dominion of Fiji

FijiDominion
Fiji operated as a Crown colony until 1970, when it gained independence as the Dominion of Fiji.
The Dominion of Fiji was the official name of Fiji between October 1970 and 6 October 1987.

2014 Fijian general election

2014 election2014 electionsgeneral elections
After years of delays, a democratic election took place on 17 September 2014.
General elections were held in Fiji on 17 September 2014, to select the 50 members of the Fijian parliament.

1997 Constitution of Fiji

1997 ConstitutionConstitutionConstitution of Fiji
When the High Court ruled the military leadership unlawful in 2009, President Ratu Josefa Iloilo, whom the military had retained as the nominal Head of State, formally abrogated the 1997 Constitution and re-appointed Bainimarama as interim Prime Minister.
The 1997 Constitution of Fiji was the supreme law of Fiji from its adoption in 1997 until 2009 when President Josefa Iloilo purported to abrogate it.

List of heads of state of Fiji

Head of StateKingmonarch
When the High Court ruled the military leadership unlawful in 2009, President Ratu Josefa Iloilo, whom the military had retained as the nominal Head of State, formally abrogated the 1997 Constitution and re-appointed Bainimarama as interim Prime Minister.
Fiji first became a unified nation in 1871, when Seru Epenisa Cakobau united what had been a patchwork of warring fiefdoms.

Nadi

Nadi, FijiNandichannels
About three-quarters of Fijians live on Viti Levu's coasts, either in Suva or in smaller urban centres such as Nadi—where tourism is the major local industry —or Lautoka, where the sugar-cane industry is paramount.
Nadi (pronounced ) is the third-largest conurbation in Fiji.

President of Fiji

PresidentpresidentialPresidency
When the High Court ruled the military leadership unlawful in 2009, President Ratu Josefa Iloilo, whom the military had retained as the nominal Head of State, formally abrogated the 1997 Constitution and re-appointed Bainimarama as interim Prime Minister.
The President of the Republic of Fiji is the head of state of Fiji.

Melanesians

MelanesianMelanesian peopleMelanesian peoples
Humans have lived in Fiji since the second millennium BC—first Austronesians and later Melanesians, with some Polynesian influences.
Melanesians are the predominant and indigenous inhabitants of Melanesia, in a wide area from New Guinea to as far east as the islands of Vanuatu and Fiji.

Frank Bainimarama

Voreqe BainimaramaJosaia Voreqe BainimaramaBainimarama
In a coup in 2006, Commodore Frank Bainimarama seized power.
Bainimarama has taken power twice in Fiji's history, the first time as Head of the Interim Military Government of Fiji from 29 May to 13 July 2000, after organising a counter-coup to neutralise the ethnic Fijian putsch led by George Speight.

Fijians

Fijianindigenous Fijiansethnic Fijian
According to oral tradition, the indigenous Fijians of today are descendants of the chief Lutunasobasoba and those who arrived with him on the Kaunitoni canoe.
Fijians (iTaukei) are a nation and ethnic group native to Fiji, who speak Fijian and share a common history and culture.

Lau Islands

LauLau GroupLau Archipelago
Trade between Fiji and neighbouring archipelagos long before European contact is testified by the canoes made from native Fijian trees found in Tonga and Tongan words being part of the language of the Lau group of islands.
The Lau Islands (also called the Lau Group, the Eastern Group, the Eastern Archipelago) of Fiji are situated in the southern Pacific Ocean, just east of the Koro Sea.

Ono-i-Lau

Ndoi IslandOno
The most outlying island is Ono-i-Lau.
Ono-i-Lau is a group of islands within a barrier reef system in the Fijian archipelago of Lau Islands (ono means "six" in the Fijian languages).