Fiji

Fiji IslandsRepublic of FijiFijianFijian IslandsRepublic of the Fiji IslandsFiji IslanderFidjiFiji IslandFijian archipelagoFJ
Fiji (Viti ; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य; Fiji Gaṇarājya), is an island country in Melanesia, part of Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about 1100 nmi northeast of New Zealand's North Island.wikipedia
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Apolosi Nawai

Later, in 1914, Apolosi Nawai came to the forefront of Fijian Tuka resistance by founding a co-operative company that would legally monopolise the agricultural sector and boycott European planters.
Apolosi Nawai (1876–1946), known as the King of Fiji, was a charismatic Fijian leader who challenged British colonial rule.

Group Against Racial Discrimination

The Group Against Racial Discrimination (GARD) was formed to oppose the unilaterally imposed constitution and to restore the 1970 constitution.
The Group Against Racial Discrimination (GARD) was formed in Fiji in 1990 to act as a pressure group against the unilateral imposition of a discriminatory constitution by the military Government controlled by Major General Sitiveni Rabuka.

Sigatoka River

Sigatoka ValleySigatoka
In 1867, a travelling missionary named Thomas Baker was killed by Kai Colo in the mountains at the headwaters of the Sigatoka River.
The Sigatoka River is in the island of Viti Levu in Fiji and has its source on the west side of Mount Victoria and flows for 120 kilometers to the coast between the central and western ranges.

Sitiveni Rabuka

Rabuka, SitiveniRabukaSitiveni Ligamamada Rabuka
In 1992 Sitiveni Rabuka, the Lieutenant Colonel who had carried out the 1987 coup, became Prime Minister following elections held under the new constitution.
Sitiveni Ligamamada Rabuka, OBE, MSD, OStJ, (born 13 September 1948) is best known as the instigator of two military coups that shook Fiji in 1987.

Bligh Water

Bligh Water, the strait between the two main islands, is named after him, and for a time, the Fiji Islands were known as the Bligh Islands.
The area known as the Bligh Water is the body of water (approximately 9500 km² in extent) in the western Fiji islands through which Bligh sailed his 7 m (23 ft) launch during his 3,618 mile journey from Tofua to the Dutch port of Timor.

List of islands of Fiji

eighth largest island of FijiislandsIslands of Fiji
Fiji consists of 332 islands (of which 106 are inhabited) and 522 smaller islets. Other islands and island groups include Taveuni and Kadavu (the third and fourth largest islands, respectively), the Mamanuca Group (just off Nadi) and Yasawa Group, which are popular tourist destinations, the Lomaiviti Group, off Suva, and the remote Lau Group.
This is a list of islands of Fiji.

2009 Fijian constitutional crisis

abrogation of the Constitutionabrogated in 2009abrogation
This began the 2009 Fijian constitutional crisis.
The Fijian constitutional crisis of 2009 began on Friday, 10 April 2009.

High Court of Fiji

High CourtFiji's High CourtHigh Court judge
The High Court ordered the reinstatement of the constitution, and in September 2001, to restore democracy, a general election was held which was won by interim Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase's Soqosoqo Duavata ni Lewenivanua party.
The High Court of Fiji is one of three courts that was established by Chapter 9 of the 1997 Constitution of Fiji — the others being the Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court.

Fiji and the United Nations

major contributorAmbassador to the United NationsFiji Mission to the United Nations
For a country of its size, Fiji has fairly large armed forces, and has been a major contributor to UN peacekeeping missions in various parts of the world.
Fiji established its Permanent Mission to the United Nations on 13 October 1970, three days after obtaining its independence from the United Kingdom.

Wakaya Island

Wakaya
One memorable incident occurred in September 1917 when Count Felix von Luckner arrived at Wakaya Island, off the eastern coast of Viti Levu, after his raider, had run aground in the Cook Islands following the shelling of Papeete in the French territory of Tahiti.
Wakaya is a privately owned island in Fiji's Lomaiviti Archipelago.

Court of Appeal of Fiji

Court of AppealFiji Court of AppealAppeal Court
In April 2009, the Fiji Court of Appeal ruled that the 2006 coup had been illegal.
The Court of Appeal of Fiji is one of three courts that were established by Chapter 9 of the 1997 Constitution, the others being the High Court and the Supreme Court.

Kadavu Island

KadavuKandavudid not eventuate
Other islands and island groups include Taveuni and Kadavu (the third and fourth largest islands, respectively), the Mamanuca Group (just off Nadi) and Yasawa Group, which are popular tourist destinations, the Lomaiviti Group, off Suva, and the remote Lau Group.
Kadavu (pronounced ), with an area of 411 km2, is the fourth largest island in Fiji, and the largest island in the Kadavu Group, a volcanic archipelago consisting of Kadavu, Ono, Galoa and a number of smaller islands in the Great Astrolabe Reef.

HMS Dido (1869)

HMS ''DidoDido'' (1869)
On 23 September, Sir Hercules Robinson, soon to be appointed the British Governor of Fiji, arrived on HMS Dido and received Cakobau with a royal 21-gun salute.
She arrived at Sydney on 3 July 1872, and then spent nine months in New Zealand, followed by a journey to Fiji in February 1873.

Local government in Fiji

ProvinceTownProvincial Council
Rotuma, some 270 nmi north of the archipelago, has a special administrative status in Fiji.
Fiji is divided administratively into four divisions, which are further subdivided into fourteen provinces.

Mutinies of the 2000 Fijian coup d'état

mutinymutiniedMutinies
Later in 2000, Fiji was rocked by two mutinies when rebel soldiers went on a rampage at Suva's Queen Elizabeth Barracks.
Two military mutinies took place in connection with the civilian coup d'état that occurred in Fiji in 2000, the first while the rebellion instigated by George Speight was in progress, and the second four months after it had ended.

Labasa

Labasa, Fiji
The main towns on Vanua Levu are Labasa and Savusavu.
Labasa (pronounced ) is a town in Fiji with a population of 27,949 at the most recent census held in 2007.

Lomaiviti Islands

LomaivitiLomaiviti ArchipelagoLomaiviti Group
Other islands and island groups include Taveuni and Kadavu (the third and fourth largest islands, respectively), the Mamanuca Group (just off Nadi) and Yasawa Group, which are popular tourist destinations, the Lomaiviti Group, off Suva, and the remote Lau Group.
The Lomaiviti (pronounced ) archipelago of Fiji consists of seven main islands and a number of smaller ones.

Indentured servitude

indentured servantindentured servantsindentured labour
Between 1879 and 1916, tens of thousands of Indians moved to Fiji to work as indentured labourers, especially on sugarcane plantations.
This resulted in the development of large Indian diaspora, which spread from the Indian Ocean (i.e. Réunion and Mauritius) to Pacific Ocean (i.e. Fiji), as well as the growth of Indo-Caribbean and Indo-African population.

Ba River (Fiji)

Ba Rivera riverBa
In 1871, the killing of two settlers named Spiers and Mackintosh near the Ba River (Fiji) in the north-west of the island prompted a large punitive expedition of white farmers, imported slave labourers and coastal Fijians to be organised.
The Ba River is located in the island of Viti Levu in Fiji.

Austronesian peoples

AustronesianAustronesiansAustronesian people
Humans have lived in Fiji since the second millennium BC—first Austronesians and later Melanesians, with some Polynesian influences.
The easternmost islands of Island Melanesia (Vanuatu, Fiji, and New Caledonia) are considered part of Remote Oceania as they are beyond the interisland visibility threshold.

Jona Senilagakali

Senilagakali, Dr JonaSenilagakali, Jona
Bainimarama named Jona Senilagakali as caretaker prime minister.
Jona Baravilala Senilagakali (8 November 1929 – 26 October 2011) was a Fijian medical doctor and diplomat who briefly served as Prime Minister of Fiji from December 2006 to January 2007.

David Whippey

David Whippy
Christian missionaries like David Cargill also arrived in the 1830s from recently converted regions such as Tonga and Tahiti, and by 1840 the European settlement at Levuka had grown to about 40 houses with former whaler, David Whippey, being a notable resident.
In 1824 he arrived in the Fijian Islands on the brig, Peter Dillon, master, who then left Whippey behind to collect tortoise shell, but never returned.

Teimumu Kepa

Ro Teimumu KepaTeimumu Vuikaba KepaRo Teimumu Vuikaba Kepa
Ro Teimumu Vuikaba Kepa (born 18 December 1945) is a Fijian chief, Member of the Parliament of Fiji, and former leader of the Social Democratic Liberal Party.

Conway Reef

Ceva-i-RaConway Reef Islands and Skerries
Ceva-i-Ra, an uninhabited reef, is located about 250 nmi southwest of the main archipelago.
Conway Reef, known since 1976 by its Fijian name Ceva-I-Ra Reef, (pronounced ), is a coral reef of atoll type 450 km southwest of the Fiji Islands and part of the Republic of Fiji.

Eastern Division, Fiji

Eastern DivisionEasternEastern District
The Eastern Division of Fiji is one of Fiji's four divisions.