Fijian language

FijianiTaukeiBau FijianBauanfijFijiPidgin FijianWayanBoumaa FijianEastern Fijian
Fijian (Na vosa vaka-Viti) is an Austronesian language of the Malayo-Polynesian family spoken by some 350,000–450,000 ethnic Fijians as a native language.wikipedia
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Fijians

Fijianindigenous Fijiansethnic Fijian
Fijian (Na vosa vaka-Viti) is an Austronesian language of the Malayo-Polynesian family spoken by some 350,000–450,000 ethnic Fijians as a native language. A pidginized form is used by many Indo-Fijians and Chinese on the islands, while Pidgin Hindustani is used by many rural ethnic Fijians and Chinese in areas dominated by Indo-Fijians.
Fijians (iTaukei) are a nation and ethnic group native to Fiji, who speak Fijian and share a common history and culture.

Chinese in Fiji

ChineseFiji's Chinese communityChinese Fijian
A pidginized form is used by many Indo-Fijians and Chinese on the islands, while Pidgin Hindustani is used by many rural ethnic Fijians and Chinese in areas dominated by Indo-Fijians.
Chinese in Fiji also speak the local Fijian language.

Fiji Hindi

Fijian HindiHindiFijian Hindustani
A pidginized form is used by many Indo-Fijians and Chinese on the islands, while Pidgin Hindustani is used by many rural ethnic Fijians and Chinese in areas dominated by Indo-Fijians. The 2013 Constitution established Fijian as an official language of Fiji, along with English and Fiji Hindi, and there is discussion about establishing it as the "national language".
It has also borrowed some words from the English and Fijian languages.

Malayo-Polynesian languages

Malayo-PolynesianMalayo-Polynesian languageMalayo-Polynesian language group
Fijian (Na vosa vaka-Viti) is an Austronesian language of the Malayo-Polynesian family spoken by some 350,000–450,000 ethnic Fijians as a native language.
Among the remaining more than 1,000 languages, several have national/official language status, e.g. Tongan, Samoan, Māori, Gilbertese, Fijian, Hawaiian, Palauan.

Verb–object–subject

VOSverb-object-subjectverb–object–subject (VOS)
Fijian is a VOS language.
VOS occurs in many languages, including Austronesian languages (such as Malagasy, Old Javanese, Toba Batak, Dusun and Fijian), Mayan languages (such as Kaqchikel and Tzotzil) and even Assyrian Neo-Aramaic, as it has a very free word order with inversions.

Indo-Fijians

Indo-FijianFiji IndianIndian
A pidginized form is used by many Indo-Fijians and Chinese on the islands, while Pidgin Hindustani is used by many rural ethnic Fijians and Chinese in areas dominated by Indo-Fijians.
The language was further heavily enriched by the inclusion of many Fijian and English words.

Bau (island)

BauBau IslandBauan
Standard Fijian is based on the speech of Bau, which is an East Fijian language.
The Fijian language has many dialects, but the official standard is based on the speech of Bau.

Fiji

Fiji IslandsRepublic of FijiFijian
The 2013 Constitution established Fijian as an official language of Fiji, along with English and Fiji Hindi, and there is discussion about establishing it as the "national language".
The proposal would change the English name of indigenous Fijians from "Fijians" to itaukei, the Fijian language endonym for indigenous Fijians.

Austronesian languages

AustronesianAustronesian languageAustronesian language family
Fijian (Na vosa vaka-Viti) is an Austronesian language of the Malayo-Polynesian family spoken by some 350,000–450,000 ethnic Fijians as a native language.

Vowel length

shortlong vowellong
The vowel length contrast is not usually indicated in writing, except in dictionaries and textbooks for learners of the language, where it is indicated by a macron over the vowel in question; Dixon, in the work cited below, doubles all long vowels in his spelling system.
Fijian,

Great Council of Chiefs

Bose Levu VakaturagaGCCBose Levu Vakaturaga (Great Council of Chiefs)
It is still not a compulsory subject in schools, however; the present Education Minister, Ro Teimumu Kepa, has endorsed calls for it to be made so, as has Great Council of Chiefs Chairman Ratu Ovini Bokini.
The Great Council of Chiefs (Bose Levu Vakaturaga in Fijian, ग्रेट काउंसिल ऑफ चीफ्स in Fiji Hindi) was a constitutional body in the Republic of the Fiji Islands from 1876 to March 2012.

Chairman of the Great Council of Chiefs

ChairmanchairmanshipChairmen of Fiji's Great Council of Chiefs
It is still not a compulsory subject in schools, however; the present Education Minister, Ro Teimumu Kepa, has endorsed calls for it to be made so, as has Great Council of Chiefs Chairman Ratu Ovini Bokini.
The Great Council of Chiefs (Bose Levu Vakaturaga in Fijian) was a formal assembly of Fiji's senior hereditary chiefs, along with some representatives of the national government and provincial councils, who may or may not be hereditary chiefs themselves.

Stop consonant

PlosiveStopstops
Swahili is well known for having words beginning with prenasalized stops, as in ndege 'bird', and in many languages of the South Pacific, such as Fijian, these are even spelled with single letters: b [mb], d [nd].

Macron (diacritic)

macronīŪ
The vowel length contrast is not usually indicated in writing, except in dictionaries and textbooks for learners of the language, where it is indicated by a macron over the vowel in question; Dixon, in the work cited below, doubles all long vowels in his spelling system.

Prenasalized consonant

prenasalizedprenasalized stopprenasalised
An example of the unitary behavior of prenasalized stops is provided by Fijian.

Languages of Fiji

3
Fiji has three official languages under the 1997 constitution (and not revoked by the 2013 Constitution): English, Fijian and Hindi.

Suva

Suva, FijiTamavuacapital city
Similar calls came from Misiwini Qereqeretabua, the Director of the Institute of Fijian Language and Culture, and from Apolonia Tamata, a linguistics lecturer at Suva's University of the South Pacific, who both said that recognition of the Fijian language is essential to the nation's basic identity and as a unifying factor in Fiji's multicultural society.
Indigenous Fijians and Indo-Fijians, the two principal ethnic groups of Fiji, comprise the bulk of Suva's population, and the city is home to the majority of Fiji's ethnic minority populations, which include Rotumans, Lauans, Rambians, Caucasians (Europeans or Kaivalagi), part-Europeans (of European and Fijian descent), or Kailoma" and Chinese, amongst others. The most widely spoken language is English, but Fijian, Hindustani, and other languages are also spoken by their respective communities.

Grammatical number

numbersingularnumbers
Four numbers are represented; singular, dual, paucal, and plural—'paucal' refers to more than two people who have some relationship, as a family or work group; if none, 'plural' is used.
Paucal number, for a few (as opposed to many) instances of the referent (e.g. in Hopi, Warlpiri, Lower Sepik-Ramu languages, some Oceanic languages including Fijian, Motuna, Serbo-Croatian, and in Arabic for some nouns).

East Fijian languages

East FijianEast Fijian languageeastern
Standard Fijian is based on the speech of Bau, which is an East Fijian language.
They are four: Fijian, Gone Dau, Lauan and Lomaiviti all spoken within Fiji.

Oceanic languages

OceanicOceanic languageOceanic branch
The largest individual Oceanic languages are Eastern Fijian with over 600,000 speakers, and Samoan with an estimated 400,000 speakers.

Ovini Bokini

Ratu Ovini BokiniBokini, Ratu OviniRatu'' Ovini Bokini
It is still not a compulsory subject in schools, however; the present Education Minister, Ro Teimumu Kepa, has endorsed calls for it to be made so, as has Great Council of Chiefs Chairman Ratu Ovini Bokini.
He proposed the Fijian language as a common bond to unite Fiji's diverse ethnic communities, saying that especially in rural areas, Fijian was widely used as a common language.

Arthur Capell

Arthur CappellCapell, ArthurArther Capell
Notwithstanding his extensive work on Papuan and Polynesian languages, including dictionaries of Fijian, Palauan and Western Futuna, Capell managed to make important contributions to Australian linguistics, particularly in discovering typologically distinct north-western languages which could not be assimilated to the standard Pama-Nyungan language family.

1997 Constitution of Fiji

1997 ConstitutionConstitutionConstitution of Fiji
The 2013 Constitution established Fijian as an official language of Fiji, along with English and Fiji Hindi, and there is discussion about establishing it as the "national language".

English language

EnglishEnglish-languageen
The 2013 Constitution established Fijian as an official language of Fiji, along with English and Fiji Hindi, and there is discussion about establishing it as the "national language".