Film

motion picturemoviecinemafilmsmoviesmotion picturesscreencinematicmoving imagefeature films
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving picture, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.wikipedia
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Animation

animatedanimated film3D animation
A film is created by photographing actual scenes with a motion-picture camera, by photographing drawings or miniature models using traditional animation techniques, by means of CGI and computer animation, or by a combination of some or all of these techniques, and other visual effects.
In traditional animation, images are drawn or painted by hand on transparent celluloid sheets to be photographed and exhibited on film.

Glossary of motion picture terms

(See the glossary of motion picture terms.)
This glossary of motion picture terms is a list of definitions of terms and concepts related to motion pictures, filmmaking, cinematography, and the film industry in general.

Film industry

FilmMotion picturesmovie industry
The process of filmmaking is both an art and an industry.
Though the expense involved in making films almost immediately led film production to concentrate under the auspices of standing production companies, advances in affordable film making equipment, and expansion of opportunities to acquire investment capital from outside the film industry itself, have allowed independent film production to evolve.

Cinematography

cinematographercinematographiccinema
The word "cinema", short for cinematography, is often used to refer to filmmaking and the film industry, and to the art of filmmaking itself.
Cinematography (from ancient greek κίνημα, kìnema "movement" and γράφειν, gràphein "to write") is the science or art of motion-picture photography by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as film stock.

Movie projector

projectorfilm projectorprojectors
Films were originally recorded onto plastic film through a photochemical process and then shown through a movie projector onto a large screen.
A movie projector is an opto-mechanical device for displaying motion picture film by projecting it onto a screen.

Computer animation

computer-animatedcomputer animatedCGI
A film is created by photographing actual scenes with a motion-picture camera, by photographing drawings or miniature models using traditional animation techniques, by means of CGI and computer animation, or by a combination of some or all of these techniques, and other visual effects.
This technique is identical to how the illusion of movement is achieved with television and motion pictures.

Documentary film

documentarydocumentariesdocumentary series
Film is considered to be an important art form, a source of popular entertainment, and a powerful medium for educating—or indoctrinating—citizens.
A documentary film is a nonfictional motion picture intended to document some aspect of reality, primarily for the purposes of instruction, education, or maintaining a historical record.

Dubbing (filmmaking)

dubbeddubbingdub
Some films have become popular worldwide attractions through the use of dubbing or subtitles to translate the dialog into other languages.
It is the practice of voice-over translation altering a foreign language film, art film or television series by voice actors.

Film stock

filmmotion picture filmstock
The name "film" originates from the fact that photographic film (also called film stock) has historically been the medium for recording and displaying motion pictures.
Film stock is an analog medium that is used for recording motion pictures or animation.

Translation

translatortranslatedtranslators
Some films have become popular worldwide attractions through the use of dubbing or subtitles to translate the dialog into other languages.
Except for some extreme metaphrasers in the early Christian period and the Middle Ages, and adapters in various periods (especially pre-Classical Rome, and the 18th century), translators have generally shown prudent flexibility in seeking equivalents—"literal" where possible, paraphrastic where necessary—for the original meaning and other crucial "values" (e.g., style, verse form, concordance with musical accompaniment or, in films, with speech articulatory movements) as determined from context.

Film director

directordirectedfilm
Preceding film in origin by thousands of years, early plays and dances had elements common to film: scripts, sets, costumes, production, direction, actors, audiences, storyboards and scores.
A film director is a person who directs the making of a film.

Storyboard

storyboardsanimaticanimatics
Preceding film in origin by thousands of years, early plays and dances had elements common to film: scripts, sets, costumes, production, direction, actors, audiences, storyboards and scores.
A storyboard is a graphic organizer in the form of illustrations or images displayed in sequence for the purpose of pre-visualizing a motion picture, animation, motion graphic or interactive media sequence.

Edison Studios

EdisonEdison CompanyEdison Manufacturing Company
The following year the company would begin Edison Studios, which became an early leader in the film industry with notable early shorts including The Kiss, and would go on to produce close to 1,200 films.
Edison Studios was an American film production organization, owned by companies controlled by inventor and entrepreneur, Thomas Edison.

Eadweard Muybridge

Muybridge[Eadweard] MuybridgeEadward Muybridge
The sensitivity was gradually improved and in the late 1870s, Eadweard Muybridge created the first animated image sequences photographed in real-time.
Today, Muybridge is known for his pioneering work on animal locomotion in 1877 and 1878, which used multiple cameras to capture motion in stop-motion photographs, and his zoopraxiscope, a device for projecting motion pictures that pre-dated the flexible perforated film strip used in cinematography.

Mutoscope

The Mutoscope
Some early films were made to be viewed by one person at a time through a "peep show" device such as the Kinetoscope and the mutoscope.
The Mutoscope was an early motion picture device, invented by W.K.L. Dickson and Herman Casler and later patented by Herman Casler on November 21, 1894.

Eidoloscope

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The first public screenings of films at which admission was charged were made in 1895 by the American Woodville Latham and his sons, using films produced by their Eidoloscope company, and by the – arguably better known – French brothers Auguste and Louis Lumière with ten of their own productions.
The Eidoloscope was an early motion picture system created by Eugene Augustin Lauste, Woodville Latham and his two sons through their business, the Lambda Company, in New York City in 1894 and 1895.

Shot (filmmaking)

shotshotsshooting
The earliest films were simply one static shot that showed an event or action with no editing or other cinematic techniques.
Film shots are an essential aspect of a movie where angles, transitions and cuts are used to further express emotion, ideas and movement.

Soundtrack

Feature film soundtrackOSToriginal soundtrack
In the 1920s, the development of electronic sound recording technologies made it practical to incorporate a soundtrack of speech, music and sound effects synchronized with the action on the screen.
A soundtrack, also written sound track, can be recorded music accompanying and synchronized to the images of a motion picture, book, television program, or video game; a commercially released soundtrack album of music as featured in the soundtrack of a film, video, or television presentation; or the physical area of a film that contains the synchronized recorded sound.

Color motion picture film

colorcolor filmcolor films
Another major technological development was the introduction of "natural color," which meant color that was photographically recorded from nature rather than added to black-and-white prints by hand-coloring, stencil-coloring or other arbitrary procedures, although the earliest processes typically yielded colors which were far from "natural" in appearance.
Color motion picture film refers both to unexposed color photographic film in a format suitable for use in a motion picture camera, and to finished motion picture film, ready for use in a projector, which bears images in color.

Feature film

feature filmsmoviesfeature
The pivotal innovation was the introduction of the three-strip version of the Technicolor process, first used for animated cartoons in 1932, then also for live-action short films and isolated sequences in a few feature films, then for an entire feature film, Becky Sharp, in 1935.
A feature film or theatrical film is a film (also called a motion picture or movie) with a running time long enough to be considered the principal or sole film to fill a program.

Sound effect

sound effectseffectsFX
In the 1920s, the development of electronic sound recording technologies made it practical to incorporate a soundtrack of speech, music and sound effects synchronized with the action on the screen.
In motion picture and television production, a sound effect is a sound recorded and presented to make a specific storytelling or creative point without the use of dialogue or music.

Blacksmith Scene

The first kinetoscope film shown in public exhibition was Blacksmith Scene, produced by Edison Manufacturing Company in 1893.
Blacksmith Scene (also known as Blacksmith Scene #1 and Blacksmithing Scene) is an 1893 American short black-and-white silent film directed by William K.L. Dickson, the Scottish-French inventor who, while under the employ of Thomas Edison, developed the first fully functional motion picture camera.

Auguste and Louis Lumière

Lumière brothersLumièreLouis Lumière
The first public screenings of films at which admission was charged were made in 1895 by the American Woodville Latham and his sons, using films produced by their Eidoloscope company, and by the – arguably better known – French brothers Auguste and Louis Lumière with ten of their own productions.
The cinématographe — a three-in-one device that could record, develop, and project motion pictures — was further developed by the Lumières.

Movie camera

motion picture cameracamerafilm cameras
A film is created by photographing actual scenes with a motion-picture camera, by photographing drawings or miniature models using traditional animation techniques, by means of CGI and computer animation, or by a combination of some or all of these techniques, and other visual effects.
Since the 2010s, digital movie cameras have become the dominant type of camera in the motion picture industry, being employed in film, television productions and even (to a lesser extent) video games.

Fine art

fine artsfine artistfine
Formalist film theory, led by Rudolf Arnheim, Béla Balázs, and Siegfried Kracauer, emphasized how film differed from reality and thus could be considered a valid fine art.
Today, the fine arts commonly include additional forms, such as film, photography, video production/editing, design, sequential art, conceptual art, and printmaking.