filmmakerfilm productionproductionfilm makerfilmmakerscinemafilmfilm-makerfilm makingdevelopment
Filmmaking (or, in an academic context, film production) is the process of making a film, generally in the sense of films intended for extensive theatrical exhibition.wikipedia
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Film crew

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A film crew is a group of people, hired by a production company, for the purpose of producing a film or motion picture.


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Post-production is part of the process of filmmaking, video production, video production and photography.

Film producer

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In this stage, the project producer selects a story, which may come from a book, play, another film, true story, video game, comic book, graphic novel, or an original idea, etc. After identifying a theme or underlying message, the producer works with writers to prepare a synopsis.
A film producer is a person who oversees film production.


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In pre-production, every step of actually creating the film is carefully designed and planned.
In filmmaking and video production, pre-production formally begins once a project has been greenlit.

Film genre

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Hollywood distributors adopt a hard-headed no approach and consider factors such as the film genre, the target audience and assumed audience, the historical success of similar films, the actors who might appear in the film, and potential directors.
A film's genre will influence the use of filmmaking styles and techniques, such as the use of flashbacks and low-key lighting in film noir, tight framing in horror films, fonts that look like rough-hewn logs for the titles of Western films, or the "scrawled" title-font and credits of Se7en (1995), a film about a serial killer.

Script coverage

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However, producers often skip the previous steps and develop submitted screenplays which investors, studios, and other interested parties assess through a process called script coverage.
Script coverage is a filmmaking term for the analysis and grading of screenplays, often within the "script development" department of a production company.

Pitch (filmmaking)

The producer and screenwriter prepare a film pitch, or treatment, and present it to potential financiers.
A pitch is a concise verbal (and sometimes visual) presentation of an idea for a film or TV series generally made by a screenwriter or film director to a film producer or studio executive in the hope of attracting development finance to pay for the writing of a screenplay.

Assistant director

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More crew will be recruited at this stage, such as the property master, script supervisor, assistant directors, stills photographer, picture editor, and sound editors.
The role of an assistant director on a film includes tracking daily progress against the filming production schedule, arranging logistics, preparing daily call sheets, checking cast and crew, and maintaining order on the set.

Production office

production supervisor
The production company is created and a production office established.
A film Production Office is the administrative office responsible for managing a film production.

Production budget

A production budget is drawn up to plan expenditures for the film.
It involves the identification and estimation of cost items for each phase of filmmaking (development, pre-production, production, post-production and distribution).

Film director

The director has a key role in choosing the cast members, production design, and the creative aspects of filmmaking.


If a pitch succeeds, a film receives a "green light", meaning someone offers financial backing: typically a major film studio, film council, or independent investor.
In the context of the film and television industries, to green-light something is to formally approve its production finance and to commit to this financing, thereby allowing the project to move forward from the development phase to pre-production and principal photography.

Development hell

development limbodevelopmentproduction hell
Many projects fail to move beyond this stage and enter so-called development hell.
Development hell, development limbo, or production hell is a media industry jargon for a film, video game, album, television program, screenplay, software application, concept, or idea that remains in development (often moving between different crews, scripts, or studios) for an especially long time before it progresses to production, if it ever does.

Production sets

production set
In filmmaking there are many reasons to build or use a set instead of travelling to a real location.

Sound design

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It is employed in a variety of disciplines including filmmaking, television production, video game development, theatre, sound recording and reproduction, live performance, sound art, post-production, radio and musical instrument development.

Presence (sound recording)

room tonepresenceatmospherics
In filmmaking and television production, presence, also known as room tone, is the "silence" recorded at a location or space when no dialogue is spoken.

Director of audiography

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The director of audiography, (DA) within Indian-style filmmaking, is the head of the sound department and the person responsible for planning the audiography and managing the audiographers of a film.

Storyboard artist

storyboardstory artistvisualiser
A storyboard artist (sometimes called a story artist or visualizer) creates storyboards for advertising agencies and film productions.

Casting (performing arts)

casting directorcastingcasting call
However, within a given television production a casting panel can consist of a television producer, or within film production a casting panel could contain a film producer, film director, and/or choreographer.

Production sound mixer

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Once everyone is ready to shoot, the AD calls "roll sound" (if the take involves sound), and the production sound mixer will start their equipment, record a verbal slate of the take's information, and announce "sound speed", or just "speed", when they are ready.
A production sound mixer, location sound recordist, location sound engineer or simply sound mixer is the member of a film crew or television crew responsible for recording all sound recording on set during the filmmaking or television production using professional audio equipment, for later inclusion in the finished product, or for reference to be used by the sound designer, sound effects editors, or foley artists (aka foley dancers).

Ambience (sound recording)

In filmmaking, ambience (also known as atmosphere, atmos, or background) consists of the sounds of a given location or space.

Camera operator

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by the camera operator once the camera is recording.
In filmmaking, the cinematographer or director of photography (DP or DoP) is sometimes called or.

Location shooting

on locationLocation filmingshot on location
Before filming, the locations are generally surveyed in pre-production, a process known as location scouting and recce.


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The clapper, who is already in front of the camera with the clapperboard, calls "marker!"
A clapperboard is a device used in filmmaking and video production to assist in synchronizing of picture and sound, and to designate and mark the various scenes and takes as they are filmed and audio-recorded.


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Later on, the director, producer, other department heads, and, sometimes, the cast, may gather to watch that day or yesterday's footage, called dailies, and review their work.
Dailies, in filmmaking, are the raw, unedited footage shot during the making of a motion picture.