Finnish Declaration of Independence

Finland's declaration of independenceFinnish independenceFinland's independenceDeclaration of Independenceindependencedeclared its independenceFinland declared independenceIndependence of FinlandFinlanddeclared
The Finnish Declaration of Independence (Suomen itsenäisyysjulistus; Finlands självständighetsförklaring; Провозглашение независимости Финляндии) was adopted by the Parliament of Finland on 6 December 1917.wikipedia
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Finland

FinnishFINRepublic of Finland
It declared Finland an independent nation, among nations ending its autonomy within Russia as its Grand Duchy of Finland, with reference to a simultaneously delivered bill to the Diet to make Finland an independent republic instead.
Following the 1917 Russian Revolution, Finland declared itself independent.

Parliament of Finland

Finnish ParliamentParliamentEduskunta
The Finnish Declaration of Independence (Suomen itsenäisyysjulistus; Finlands självständighetsförklaring; Провозглашение независимости Финляндии) was adopted by the Parliament of Finland on 6 December 1917.
Riksdag derives from the genitive of rike, 'realm', referring to the independent state of Finland, and dag, meaning diet or conference.

Independence of Finland

independenceFinland became independentFinland gained independence
Declaring the independence was only part of the long process leading to the independence of Finland.
The formal Declaration of Independence was only part of the long process leading to the independence of Finland.

Grand Duchy of Finland

FinlandFinnishGrand Duchy
It declared Finland an independent nation, among nations ending its autonomy within Russia as its Grand Duchy of Finland, with reference to a simultaneously delivered bill to the Diet to make Finland an independent republic instead.
The unrest in Russia and Finland during World War I and the subsequent collapse of the Russian Empire resulted in the Finnish Declaration of Independence and the end of the Grand Duchy.

Independence Day (Finland)

Independence DayFinnish Independence DayIndependence Day of Finland
The declaration is celebrated as the Independence Day in Finland.
Finland's Independence Day (itsenäisyyspäivä, självständighetsdagen) is a national public holiday, and a flag day, held on 6 December to celebrate Finland's declaration of independence from Russia in 1917.

Grand Duke of Finland

Grand Prince of FinlandGrand DukeGrand Duchy
After the February Revolution and the abdication of Grand Duke Nicholas II on 2 March (15 March N.S.) 1917, the personal union between Russia and Finland lost its legal base – at least according to the view in Helsinki.
Finland was declared an independent nation state on 6 December 1917.

Pehr Evind Svinhufvud

P. E. SvinhufvudSvinhufvudP.E. Svinhufvud
Chairman of the Senate ( Prime minister) Pehr Evind Svinhufvud read the Declaration to the Parliament on 4 December.
Svinhufvud was appointed as Chairman of the Senate on 27 November 1917, and was a key figure in the announcement of Finland's declaration of independence on 6 December 1917.

Instrument of Government (1772)

Swedish Constitution of 1772Instrument of GovernmentConstitution
§38] of the old Instrument of Government of 1772, which had been enacted by the Estates after Gustav III's bloodless coup.
This led to a power struggle with the Provisional Government of Russia, as well as within Finland, culminating, after the October revolution, in the Finnish declaration of independence.

Russification of Finland

RussificationRussification policyFebruary Manifesto
Finnish opposition to Russification was one of the main factors that ultimately led to Finland's declaration of independence in 1917.

History of Finland

Finnish historyFinlandFinnish
Worried by developments in Russia and Finland, the non-Socialist Senate proposed that Parliament declare Finland's independence, which was voted by the Parliament on December 6, 1917.

Independence

independentindependent statepolitical independence
It declared Finland an independent nation, among nations ending its autonomy within Russia as its Grand Duchy of Finland, with reference to a simultaneously delivered bill to the Diet to make Finland an independent republic instead.

Nation state

nation-statecountrynation-states
It declared Finland an independent nation, among nations ending its autonomy within Russia as its Grand Duchy of Finland, with reference to a simultaneously delivered bill to the Diet to make Finland an independent republic instead.

Russia

Russian FederationRUSRussian
It declared Finland an independent nation, among nations ending its autonomy within Russia as its Grand Duchy of Finland, with reference to a simultaneously delivered bill to the Diet to make Finland an independent republic instead.

Bill (law)

billbillslegislation
It declared Finland an independent nation, among nations ending its autonomy within Russia as its Grand Duchy of Finland, with reference to a simultaneously delivered bill to the Diet to make Finland an independent republic instead.

Republic

constitutional republicrepublicsrepublican form of government
It declared Finland an independent nation, among nations ending its autonomy within Russia as its Grand Duchy of Finland, with reference to a simultaneously delivered bill to the Diet to make Finland an independent republic instead.

February Revolution

FebruaryRussian RevolutionFebruary Revolution of 1917
After the February Revolution and the abdication of Grand Duke Nicholas II on 2 March (15 March N.S.) 1917, the personal union between Russia and Finland lost its legal base – at least according to the view in Helsinki.

Abdication

abdicateabdicatedabdicates
After the February Revolution and the abdication of Grand Duke Nicholas II on 2 March (15 March N.S.) 1917, the personal union between Russia and Finland lost its legal base – at least according to the view in Helsinki.

Nicholas II of Russia

Nicholas IITsar Nicholas IICzar Nicholas II
After the February Revolution and the abdication of Grand Duke Nicholas II on 2 March (15 March N.S.) 1917, the personal union between Russia and Finland lost its legal base – at least according to the view in Helsinki.

Old Style and New Style dates

O.S.Old StyleNew Style
After the February Revolution and the abdication of Grand Duke Nicholas II on 2 March (15 March N.S.) 1917, the personal union between Russia and Finland lost its legal base – at least according to the view in Helsinki.

Personal union

personalUnionunited
After the February Revolution and the abdication of Grand Duke Nicholas II on 2 March (15 March N.S.) 1917, the personal union between Russia and Finland lost its legal base – at least according to the view in Helsinki.

Helsinki

Helsinki, FinlandHelsingforsHEL
After the February Revolution and the abdication of Grand Duke Nicholas II on 2 March (15 March N.S.) 1917, the personal union between Russia and Finland lost its legal base – at least according to the view in Helsinki.

Russian Provisional Government

Provisional GovernmentRussian RepublicProvisional Government of Russia
There were negotiations between the Russian Provisional Government and Finnish authorities.

July Days

July eventsrebellion in Saint PetersburgBolshevik coup fails in Saint Petersburg
At the time of the vote it was believed that the Provisional Government would be quickly defeated by the rebellion in Saint Petersburg.

October Revolution

Bolshevik RevolutionRussian Revolutionrevolution
After new elections and the ultimate defeat of the Provisional Government in the October Revolution, the Finnish Parliament decided to set a three-man regency council, based on Finland's Constitution, and more precisely on clause [http://sv.wikisource.org/wiki/Regeringsform_1772#%C2%A7_38.

Riksdag of the Estates

RiksdagEstatesParliament
§38] of the old Instrument of Government of 1772, which had been enacted by the Estates after Gustav III's bloodless coup.