Fiorenzo Bava Beccaris

Italian general, especially remembered for his brutal repression of riots in Milan in 1898, known as the Bava Beccaris massacre.

- Fiorenzo Bava Beccaris

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Umberto I of Italy

The King of Italy from 9 January 1878 until his assassination on 29 July 1900.

Portrait of Umberto I in 1887
Crown Prince Umberto
The Royal family of King Umberto I
Wearing the robes of the Order of the Garter
Menelik II's victory over Italians at Battle of Adwa
Umberto's coat of arms as a knight of the garter
Umberto I in his later years.
Gaetano Bresci, the killer of Umberto I
Tomb of Umberto I at the Pantheon

During the colonial wars in Africa, large demonstrations over the rising price of bread were held in Italy and on 7 May 1898, the city of Milan was put under military rule by General Fiorenzo Bava Beccaris, who ordered rifle-fire and artillery against the demonstrators.

Fossano

Town and comune of Piedmont, northern Italy.

Fiorenzo Bava Beccaris (1831–1924), a general, especially remembered for the Bava Beccaris massacre was born in Fossano.

Bava Beccaris massacre

Barricades of the rioters and intervention of the military, Milan 1898
General Fiorenzo Bava Beccaris
Piazza del Duomo, Milan, 1898. Troops deployed against demonstrators

The Bava Beccaris massacre, named after the Italian General Fiorenzo Bava Beccaris, was the repression of widespread food riots in Milan, Italy, on 6–10 May 1898.

Avanti! (newspaper)

Avanti! (meaning "Forward!"

Front page of the first number of Avanti! (25 December 1896).
L'Ardito, the arditi newspaper, of 18 April 1920 exalted the anniversary of the first squadrist attack against Avanti! on 15 April 1919 in Milano.
Launch of the popular subscription for the construction of the new headquarter for Avanti! after the squadrist assaults, 23 April 1919.
Editoral staff of Avanti! in Milan, 1921. The first sitting on the left of secretary Fasano is Guido Mazzali. The third sitting from left, with gaiters, is Pietro Nenni, and on his side, with moustaches and glasses, there is Walter Mocchi. The first above on the right is the satirical cartoonist Giuseppe Scalarini, with Giuseppe Romita sitting in front of him.
Advertising poster for the subscription to Avanti!, 1896.
Advertising of Avanti!, 27 December 1896.
Portrait of Leonida Bissolati, first director of Avanti! in 1896.
Advertising poster drawn by Gabriele Galantara for the subscription to Avanti!, 1898.
Editorial staff of Avanti! in 1905. From the left, seated, the first is satirical artist Gabriele Galantara and the second is Ivanoe Bonomi. At the middle there is the director Leonida Bissolati.
Avanti! of 1º May 1910.
Avanti! of 1 May 1915.
Avanti! of 1 May 1916 with censor cuts.
Avanti! of 1 May 1917 with censor cuts.
Avanti! of 1 May 1918.
Avanti! of 1 May 1919.

On 7 May in Milan, the government declared the state of siege and gave full powers to general Fiorenzo Bava-Beccaris, who ordered to open fire against the crowd.

Gaetano Bresci

Italian-American anarchist who assassinated King Umberto I of Italy on July 29, 1900.

Gaetano Bresci during his trial
Bresci monument in Carrara

While Bresci was influenced by Ciancabilla and the continued suppression of popular revolt in Italy, he was particularly affected by the 1898 Bava Beccaris massacre, in which dozens of people were murdered during the Milanese bread riots over the rising price of bread, for which the king awarded a medal to General Fiorenzo Bava Beccaris.

History of the Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)

This articles covers the history of Italy as a monarchy and in the World Wars.

The Handshake of Teano, depicting the meeting between Giuseppe Garibaldi and King Victor Emmanuel II on 26 October 1860
Agostino Depretis
Postcard from Italian Eritrea
Giovanni Giolitti was Prime Minister of Italy five times between 1892 and 1921
Gabriele D'Annunzio
Postcard of the Italo-Turkish War.
Italy and its colonial possessions at the time of the outbreak of WWI. The area between British Egypt and the firmly held Italian territories is the region of southern Cyrenaica which was under dispute of ownership between Italy and the UK, and was officially conquered by Italy in 1931
Italian infantrymen during the war
Benito Mussolini
Maximum extent of the Italian Empire
Giovanni Messe inspecting his troops in Russia
Italian anti-fascist partisans
Umberto II, the last king of Italy

In response infantry, cavalry and artillery were brought into the city and General Fiorenzo Bava Beccaris ordered his troops to fire on demonstrators.

1898 in Italy

Events from the year 1898 in Italy.

Barricades of the rioters and intervention of the military, Milan 1898

May 7–9 – Bread riots in Milan, Florence and Livorno, in which many people are killed. Martial law is proclaimed. The Bava Beccaris massacre, named after the Italian General Fiorenzo Bava Beccaris, quells widespread riots in Milan. On May 9, 1898, the troops used artillery to breach the walls of a monastery outside Porta Monforte, but they found inside only a group of beggars who had come to receive assistance from the friars. According to the government, there were 118 dead and 450 wounded. The opposition claimed 400 dead and more than 2,000 injured people. Filippo Turati of the Italian Socialist Party was arrested, accused of inspiring the riots. In July 1900, King Umberto I of Italy was assassinated by the anarchist Gaetano Bresci who claimed to avenge the victims of the repression and the offense given by the decoration awarded to General Bava Beccaris.

1924 in Italy

Events in the year 1924 in the Kingdom of Italy.

Ignazio Colnaghi in 1959
Eleonora Duse

8 April – Fiorenzo Bava Beccaris, general, known for the Bava Beccaris massacre (b. 1831)

1890s

Decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1890, and ended on December 31, 1899.

From left, clockwise: Union workers at a Carnegie Steel plant go on a strike later known as the Homestead Strike in 1892; Plessy v. Ferguson establishes the doctrine of racial segregation and leads to Jim Crow laws; USS Maine sinks in Havana Harbor in 1898 sparking the Spanish-American War; U.S. pays $20 million to get the Philippines from Spain in the Treaty of Paris; a cartoon mocks the Cross of Gold speech given by William Jennings Bryan who argues against the gold standard; Panic of 1893 instigates an economic depression which lasts for most of the 1890s; Thomas Edison invents the kinetograph, an early example of motion-picture technology; US Marines hoist a US flag during the land campaign of Cuba in the Spanish-American War.
World empires and colonies in 1898 (just before the Spanish–American War, Boxer Rebellion and Boer War)
Spanish–American War
Dreyfus affair – Alfred Dreyfus being dishonorably discharged, 5 January 1895.
A typical gold mining operation, on Bonanza Creek.
World's Columbian Exposition, 1893
1895 Benz Velo. Along with its contemporary Duryea Motor Wagon, those vehicles were considered the earliest standardized cars. The 1890s also saw further developments in the history of the automobile.
Panhard-Levassor (1890–1895). This model was the first automobile to circulate in Portugal
Charles Kayser of the Edison lab seated behind the Kinetograph. Portability was not among the camera's virtues.
First edition cover of The Time Machine (1895)
Oscar Wilde
Arthur Conan Doyle
Rudyard Kipling
H. G. Wells
Mark Twain
Lewis Carroll
Tchaikovsky
Johannes Brahms
Richard Strauss
Paul Dukas
Claude Debussy

1898: The Bava Beccaris massacre in Milan, Kingdom of Italy. On May 5, 1898, workers organized a strike to demonstrate against the government of Antonio Starabba, Marchese di Rudinì, Prime Minister of Italy, holding it responsible for the general increase of prices and for the famine that was affecting the country. The first blood was shed that day at Pavia, when the son of the mayor of Milan was killed while attempting to halt the troops marching against the crowd. After a protest in Milan the following day, the government declared a state of siege in the city. Infantry, cavalry and artillery were brought into the city and General Fiorenzo Bava Beccaris ordered his troops to fire on demonstrators. According to the government, there were 118 dead and 450 wounded. The opposition claimed 400 dead and more than 2,000 injured people. Filippo Turati, one of the founder of the Italian Socialist Party, was arrested and accused of inspiring the riots.

Fiorenzo

Masculine Italian given name.

Fiorenzo Bava Beccaris (1831–1924), Italian general