Fire ecology

firefire cyclefire ecologistfire resistantfire-intolerantfire-proneburnedcausing germinationcontrolled burnsdepend on periodic outbreaks of fire
Fire ecology is a scientific discipline concerned with natural processes involving fire in an ecosystem and the ecological effects, the interactions between fire and the abiotic and biotic components of an ecosystem, and the role as an ecosystem process.wikipedia
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Fire regime

regimefire regimes[3
Land managers are faced with tough questions regarding how to restore a natural fire regime, but allowing wildfires to burn is the least expensive and likely most effective method.
It is an integral part of fire ecology, and renewal for certain types of ecosystems.

Pinus contorta

lodgepole pinelodgepoleshore pine
The cones of the Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) are, conversely, pyriscent: they are sealed with a resin that a fire melts away, releasing the seeds.
Excessive wildfire prevention disrupts the fire ecology.

Chaparral

desert chaparralchaparral plant communityfire follower
Many ecosystems, particularly prairie, savanna, chaparral and coniferous forests, have evolved with fire as an essential contributor to habitat vitality and renewal.
Fire ecology

Pinus ponderosa

ponderosa pineponderosaponderosa pines
Mature ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) is an example of a tree species that suffers virtually no crown damage under a naturally mild fire regime, because it sheds its lower, vulnerable branches as it matures.
The fire cycle for ponderosa pine is 5 to 10 years, in which a natural ignition sparks a low-intensity fire.

Native American use of fire in ecosystems

natives controlled fireNative American fires Indians began using fire
Native American use of fire, not natural fires, historically maintained the diversity of the savannas of North America.
What was initially perceived by colonists as "untouched, pristine" wilderness in North America, was actually the cumulative result of these occasional, managed fires creating an intentional mosaic of grasslands and forests across North America, sustained and managed by the original Peoples of the landbase.

Fire history

fire rotationHistoric fire observation
Fire history
Fire history, the ecological science of the study of the history of wildfires, is a subdiscipline of fire ecology.

Restoration ecology

restorationhabitat restorationecological restoration
Restoration ecology is the name given to an attempt to reverse or mitigate some of the changes that humans have caused to an ecosystem.
For example, many forest and grassland restorations implement fire as a natural disturbance regime.

Baccharis pilularis

coyote brushcoyote bushdwarf coyote brush
Common plants in shrubland or chaparral include manzanita, chamise and Coyote Brush.
Fire ecology

Pre-Columbian savannas of North America

savannas of North America
Native American use of fire, not natural fires, historically maintained the diversity of the savannas of North America.
In the far southwest was California oak woodland and Ponderosa Pine savanna, while further north was the Oregon White Oak savanna.

Controlled burn

prescribed burnprescribed fireprescribed burning
Controlled burning is one tool that is currently receiving considerable attention as a means of restoration and management.
Fire ecology

Lignotuber

lignotuberouslignotuberslignotuberous shrub
There are a few eucalypt species that do not have a lignotuber, a root swelling structure that contains buds where new shoots can then sprout.
Fire ecology

Smokey Bear

The Smokey Bear ShowBallad of Smokey the BearSmokey
One of the primary goals in fire management is to improve public education in order to suppress the "Smokey Bear" fire-suppression mentality and introduce the public to the benefits of regular natural fires.
The Smokey Bear campaign has been criticized by wildfire policy experts in cases where decades of fire suppression and the indigenous fire ecology were not taken into consideration, contributing to unnaturally dense forests with too many dead standing and downed trees, brush and shrubs often referred to as "fuel".

Crown sprouting

crown sproutcrown-sprout
Crown sprouting
Fire ecology

Fire

firesflamefire damage
Fire ecology is a scientific discipline concerned with natural processes involving fire in an ecosystem and the ecological effects, the interactions between fire and the abiotic and biotic components of an ecosystem, and the role as an ecosystem process.

Ecosystem

ecosystemsenvironmenteco-system
Fire ecology is a scientific discipline concerned with natural processes involving fire in an ecosystem and the ecological effects, the interactions between fire and the abiotic and biotic components of an ecosystem, and the role as an ecosystem process.

Ecology

ecologicalecologistecologically
Fire ecology is a scientific discipline concerned with natural processes involving fire in an ecosystem and the ecological effects, the interactions between fire and the abiotic and biotic components of an ecosystem, and the role as an ecosystem process.

Prairie

prairieswet prairieprairie grasslands
Many ecosystems, particularly prairie, savanna, chaparral and coniferous forests, have evolved with fire as an essential contributor to habitat vitality and renewal.

Savanna

savannahsavannassavannahs
Many ecosystems, particularly prairie, savanna, chaparral and coniferous forests, have evolved with fire as an essential contributor to habitat vitality and renewal.

Wildfire suppression

fire suppressionwildland fire suppressionwildland firefighting
Wildfire suppression not only eliminates these species, but also the animals that depend upon them.

History of wildfire suppression in the United States

Campaigns in the United Statescomplete fire suppressionprevious management strategies
Campaigns in the United States have historically molded public opinion to believe that wildfires are always harmful to nature.

Wildfire

forest fireforest fireswildfires
Campaigns in the United States have historically molded public opinion to believe that wildfires are always harmful to nature.

Biodiversity

diversitybiological diversitybiodiverse
More recent ecological research has shown, however, that fire is an integral component in the function and biodiversity of many natural habitats, and that the organisms within these communities have adapted to withstand, and even to exploit, natural wildfire.

Flood

floodingfloodsflood control
More generally, fire is now regarded as a 'natural disturbance', similar to flooding, wind-storms, and landslides, that has driven the evolution of species and controls the characteristics of ecosystems.

Storm

stormswindstormstorm system
More generally, fire is now regarded as a 'natural disturbance', similar to flooding, wind-storms, and landslides, that has driven the evolution of species and controls the characteristics of ecosystems.

Landslide

landslideslandslipdebris avalanche
More generally, fire is now regarded as a 'natural disturbance', similar to flooding, wind-storms, and landslides, that has driven the evolution of species and controls the characteristics of ecosystems.