Firefly

Lampyridaefireflieslightning bugLampyridSay's Fireflycucullofirefliefirefly larvaeglowwormlampyrid insect
The Lampyridae are a family of insects in the beetle order Coleoptera with over 2,000 described species.wikipedia
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Insect

Insectainsectsbugs
The Lampyridae are a family of insects in the beetle order Coleoptera with over 2,000 described species.
Lampyrid beetles communicate with light.

Bioluminescence

bioluminescentlight-producingluminescent
They are soft-bodied beetles that are commonly called fireflies or lightning bugs for their conspicuous use of bioluminescence during twilight to attract mates or prey.
Bioluminescence occurs widely in marine vertebrates and invertebrates, as well as in some fungi, microorganisms including some bioluminescent bacteria and terrestrial invertebrates such as fireflies.

Phausis reticulata

blue ghost
Some species such as the dimly glowing "blue ghost" of the Eastern US are commonly thought to emit blue light (
Phausis reticulata, commonly referred to as the "blue ghost" is a species of firefly found in the eastern and central United States.

Glowworm

glow wormglow-wormglow-worms
Some species are called "glowworms" in Eurasia and elsewhere.
They include members of the families Elateridae, Lampyridae, Phengodidae, and Rhagophthalmidae among beetles; as well as members of the genera Arachnocampa, Keroplatus, and Orfelia among keroplatid fungus gnats.

Lampyris noctiluca

glow-wormcommon glow-wormglow-worms
The term glowworm is also used for both adults and larvae of species such as Lampyris noctiluca, the common European glowworm, in which only the nonflying adult females glow brightly and the flying males glow only weakly and intermittently.
Lampyris noctiluca, the common glow-worm of Europe (see also "glowworm"), is a firefly species of the genus Lampyris.

Beetle

Coleopterabeetleschafer
The Lampyridae are a family of insects in the beetle order Coleoptera with over 2,000 described species.
Another way beetles find mates is seen in the fireflies (Lampyridae) which are bioluminescent, with abdominal light-producing organs.

Phengodidae

glowworm beetleTelegeusidaeglow worms
). In the Americas, "glow worm" also refers to the closely related family Phengodidae.
This family is distinct from the fireflies (family Lampyridae), which may also be called "glow-worms" in its larval stage.

Firefly luciferin

luciferinluciferins
The enzyme luciferase acts on the luciferin, in the presence of magnesium ions, ATP, and oxygen to produce light.
Firefly luciferin (also known as beetle luciferin) is the luciferin, or light-emitting compound, used for the firefly (Lampyridae), railroad worm (Phengodidae), starworm (Rhagophthalmidae), and click-beetle (Pyrophorini) bioluminescent systems.

Luciferase

firefly luciferasefireflieslight-emitting
The enzyme luciferase acts on the luciferin, in the presence of magnesium ions, ATP, and oxygen to produce light.
The majority of studied luciferases have been found in animals, including fireflies, and many marine animals such as copepods, jellyfish, and the sea pansy.

Photinus (beetle)

Photinusrover firefliesPhotinus'' (beetle)
Some species, especially lightning bugs of the genera Photinus, Photuris, and Pyractomena, are distinguished by the unique courtship flash patterns emitted by flying males in search of females.
The rover fireflies (Photinus) are a genus of fireflies (family Lampyridae).

Photuris

Photuris (genus)Photuris lucicrescensPhoturis'' (genus)
Some species, especially lightning bugs of the genera Photinus, Photuris, and Pyractomena, are distinguished by the unique courtship flash patterns emitted by flying males in search of females.
Photuris is a genus of fireflies (beetles of the family Lampyridae).

Mandible (insect mouthpart)

mandiblesmandiblemandibular
Some are so specialized that they have grooved mandibles that deliver digestive fluids directly to their prey.
Certain firefly larvae (family Lampyridae) that feed on snails have grooved mandibles that not only physically break down their prey, but also deliver digestive fluids by these grooves.

Larviform female

larviformlarviform femalesresemble larvae
Although the females of some species are similar in appearance to males, larviform females are found in many firefly species.

Predation

predatorypredatorprey
The larvae of most species are specialized predators and feed on other larvae, terrestrial snails, and slugs.
Female Photuris fireflies, for example, copy the light signals of other species, thereby attracting male fireflies, which they capture and eat.

Ellychnia

Usually these species are diurnal, or day-flying, such as those in the genus Ellychnia.
Ellychnia is a genus of fireflies.

Lampyrinae

This was mainly done in an attempt to revise the Lampyrinae, which bit by bit had become something of a "wastebin taxon" to hold incertae sedis species and genera of fireflies.
The Lampyrinae are a large subfamily of fireflies (Lampyridae).

Phase synchronization

phase synchronisationphase synchronizedsynchronized
This phenomenon is explained as phase synchronization and spontaneous order.
One example of phase synchronization of multiple oscillators can be seen in the behavior of Southeast Asian fireflies.

Luciolinae

lucioline
Other changes have been proposed, such as merging the Ototretinae into the Luciolinae, but the arrangement used here appears to be the most frequently seen and stable layout for the time being.
The Luciolinae are among the largest subfamilies of fireflies (Lampyridae).

Ototretinae

Other changes have been proposed, such as merging the Ototretinae into the Luciolinae, but the arrangement used here appears to be the most frequently seen and stable layout for the time being.
The Ototretinae are a small and somewhat disputed subfamily in the firefly family (Lampyridae).

Photinini

Though most groups appear to be monophyletic, some (e.g., the tribe Photinini) are perhaps better divided. The genus Phausis, usually placed in the tribe Photinini of the Lampyrinae, might represent another rather distinct lineage instead.
The Photinini are a large tribe of fireflies in the subfamily Lampyrinae.

Phausis

The genus Phausis, usually placed in the tribe Photinini of the Lampyrinae, might represent another rather distinct lineage instead.
Phausis is a genus of firefly beetles (family Lampyridae).

Elateroidea

The Rhagophthalmidae are a glow-worm-like lineage of Elateroidea.
It contains the familiar click beetles, fireflies, and soldier beetles and their relatives.

Congaree National Park

CongareeCongaree SwampSouth Atlantic Coastal Plain
Congaree National Park in South Carolina is another host to this phenomenon.
The park is also a popular spot for watching firefly displays on summer evenings.

Cyphonocerinae

The Cyphonocerinae are a subfamily of fireflies (Lampyridae) with only a few handful of species in (presumably) two genera found in North America and Eurasia.

Photurinae

The Photurinae are a subfamily of fireflies (Lampyridae).