First French Empire

French EmpireFranceFrenchFirst EmpireEmpireNapoleonic FranceImperial FrenchNapoleonic EmpireFrench First EmpireImperial
The First French Empire, officially the French Empire (Empire Français; Imperium Francicum), was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.wikipedia
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France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
The First French Empire, officially the French Empire (Empire Français; Imperium Francicum), was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took power and established the First French Empire.

French First Republic

French RepublicFranceFirst French Republic
Although France had already established an overseas colonial empire beginning in the 17th century, the French state had remained a kingdom under the Bourbons and a republic after the Revolution. On 18 May 1804, Napoleon was granted the title Emperor of the French (L'Empereur des Français, ) by the French Sénat (a Senator) and was crowned on 2 December 1804, signifying the end of the French Consulate and of the French First Republic.
The First Republic lasted until the declaration of the First Empire in 1804 under Napoleon, although the form of the government changed several times.

War of the Third Coalition

Third CoalitionThirdWar of the Third Coalition against France
The French Empire achieved military supremacy in mainland Europe through notable victories in the War of the Third Coalition against Austria, Prussia, Russia, and allied nations, notably at the Battle of Austerlitz in 1805.
During the war, France and its client states under Napoleon I defeated an alliance, the Third Coalition, made up of the Holy Roman Empire (in actuality Austria), Russia, Britain and others.

Early modern France

FranceKingdom of FranceFrench
Although France had already established an overseas colonial empire beginning in the 17th century, the French state had remained a kingdom under the Bourbons and a republic after the Revolution.
The period is dominated by the figure of the "Sun King", Louis XIV (his reign of 1643–1715 being one of the longest in history), who managed to eliminate the remnants of medieval feudalism and established a centralized state under an absolute monarch, a system that would endure until the French Revolution and beyond.

French Consulate

First ConsulConsulateConsulat
On 18 May 1804, Napoleon was granted the title Emperor of the French (L'Empereur des Français, ) by the French Sénat (a Senator) and was crowned on 2 December 1804, signifying the end of the French Consulate and of the French First Republic.
The Consulate (French: Le Consulat) was the top-level Government of France from the fall of the Directory in the coup of Brumaire on 10 November 1799 until the start of the Napoleonic Empire on 18 May 1804.

19th century

nineteenth century19th19th-century
The First French Empire, officially the French Empire (Empire Français; Imperium Francicum), was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
It was marked by the collapse of the Spanish, Zulu Kingdom, First French, Holy Roman and Mughal empires.

Emperor of the French

EmperorFrench EmperorEmperor of France
On 18 May 1804, Napoleon was granted the title Emperor of the French (L'Empereur des Français, ) by the French Sénat (a Senator) and was crowned on 2 December 1804, signifying the end of the French Consulate and of the French First Republic.
Emperor of the French (French: Empereur des Français) was the monarch of the First French Empire and the Second French Empire.

War of the Fourth Coalition

Fourth CoalitionFourthPrussian campaign
French dominance was reaffirmed during the War of the Fourth Coalition, at the Battle of Jena–Auerstedt in 1806 and the Battle of Friedland in 1807.
The Fourth Coalition fought against Napoleon's French Empire and were defeated in a war spanning 1806–1807.

Napoleonic Wars

Napoleonic WarNapoleonicwar with France
A series of wars, known collectively as the Napoleonic Wars, extended French influence to much of Western Europe and into Poland.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.

Battle of Austerlitz

AusterlitzAusterlitz 1805Austerlitz campaign
The French Empire achieved military supremacy in mainland Europe through notable victories in the War of the Third Coalition against Austria, Prussia, Russia, and allied nations, notably at the Battle of Austerlitz in 1805. Though the vague plan for an invasion of Great Britain was never executed, the Battle of Ulm and the Battle of Austerlitz overshadowed the defeat of Trafalgar, and the camp at Boulogne put at Napoleon's disposal the best military resources he had commanded, in the form of La Grande Armée.
In what is widely regarded as the greatest victory achieved by Napoleon, the Grande Armée of France defeated a larger Russian and Austrian army led by Emperor Alexander I and Holy Roman Emperor Francis II.

Austrian Empire

AustrianAustriaAustrians
The French Empire achieved military supremacy in mainland Europe through notable victories in the War of the Third Coalition against Austria, Prussia, Russia, and allied nations, notably at the Battle of Austerlitz in 1805.
Proclaimed in response to the First French Empire, it partially overlapped with the Holy Roman Empire until the latter's dissolution in 1806.

Battle of Friedland

Friedlandat Friedlandbattles of Friedland
French dominance was reaffirmed during the War of the Fourth Coalition, at the Battle of Jena–Auerstedt in 1806 and the Battle of Friedland in 1807.
The Battle of Friedland (June 14, 1807) was a major engagement of the Napoleonic Wars between the armies of the French Empire commanded by Napoleon I and the armies of the Russian Empire led by Count von Bennigsen.

130 departments of the First French Empire

Departmentdépartements130 departments
At its height in 1812, the French Empire had 130 departments, ruled over 70 million subjects, maintained an extensive military presence in Germany, Italy, Spain, and the Duchy of Warsaw, and counted Prussia and Austria as nominal allies.
This is a list of the 130 departments (départements), the conventional name for the administrative subdivisions of the First French Empire at the height of its territorial extent, circa 1811.

Confederation of the Rhine

StateGermanyRheinbund
At its height in 1812, the French Empire had 130 departments, ruled over 70 million subjects, maintained an extensive military presence in Germany, Italy, Spain, and the Duchy of Warsaw, and counted Prussia and Austria as nominal allies.
The Confederation of the Rhine (Rheinbund; French: officially États confédérés du Rhin ("Confederated States of the Rhine"), but in practice Confédération du Rhin) was a confederation of client states of the First French Empire.

Kingdom of Spain under Joseph Bonaparte

SpainNapoleonic SpainBonapartist Spain
At its height in 1812, the French Empire had 130 departments, ruled over 70 million subjects, maintained an extensive military presence in Germany, Italy, Spain, and the Duchy of Warsaw, and counted Prussia and Austria as nominal allies.
During this period, the country was considered a client state of the First French Empire.

Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès

SieyèsAbbé SieyèsEmmanuel-Joseph Sieyès
In 1799, Napoleon Bonaparte was confronted by Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès—one of five Directors constituting the executive branch of the French government—who sought his support for a coup d'état to overthrow the Constitution of the Year III.
He was one of the chief political theorists of the French Revolution, and also played a prominent role in the French Consulate and First French Empire.

Roger Ducos

The plot included Bonaparte's brother Lucien, then serving as speaker of the Council of Five Hundred, Roger Ducos, another Director, and Talleyrand.
Pierre Roger Ducos (25 July 1747 – 16 March 1816), better known as Roger Ducos, was a French political figure during the Revolution and First Empire, a member of the National Convention, and of the Directory.

Duchy of Warsaw

Grand Duchy of WarsawPolishPoland
At its height in 1812, the French Empire had 130 departments, ruled over 70 million subjects, maintained an extensive military presence in Germany, Italy, Spain, and the Duchy of Warsaw, and counted Prussia and Austria as nominal allies.
The newly recreated state was formally an independent duchy, allied to France, and in a personal union with the Kingdom of Saxony.

Grande Armée

La Grande ArméeGrand ArmyFrench Army
Though the vague plan for an invasion of Great Britain was never executed, the Battle of Ulm and the Battle of Austerlitz overshadowed the defeat of Trafalgar, and the camp at Boulogne put at Napoleon's disposal the best military resources he had commanded, in the form of La Grande Armée.
From 1805 to 1809, the Grande Armée scored a series of historic victories that gave the French Empire an unprecedented grip on power over the European continent.

Battle of Trafalgar

TrafalgarTrafalgar 200The Battle of Trafalgar
Though the vague plan for an invasion of Great Britain was never executed, the Battle of Ulm and the Battle of Austerlitz overshadowed the defeat of Trafalgar, and the camp at Boulogne put at Napoleon's disposal the best military resources he had commanded, in the form of La Grande Armée.
In 1805, the First French Empire, under Napoleon Bonaparte, was the dominant military land power on the European continent, while the British Royal Navy controlled the seas.

House of Bonaparte

BonaparteBonaparte familyBonapartes
The Bonapartes began to marry into old European monarchies, gaining sovereignty over many nations.
Napoleon was a French military leader who had risen to power during the French Revolution and who in 1804 transformed the First French Republic into the First French Empire, five years after his coup d'état of November 1799.

Battle of Ulm

UlmSiege of UlmUlm Maneuver
Though the vague plan for an invasion of Great Britain was never executed, the Battle of Ulm and the Battle of Austerlitz overshadowed the defeat of Trafalgar, and the camp at Boulogne put at Napoleon's disposal the best military resources he had commanded, in the form of La Grande Armée.
In 1805, the United Kingdom, the Austrian Empire, Sweden, and the Russian Empire formed the Third Coalition to overthrow the French Empire.

House of Bourbon

BourbonBourbonsBourbon dynasty
Joseph Bonaparte replaced the dispossessed Bourbons in Naples; Louis Bonaparte was installed on the throne of the Kingdom of Holland, formed from the Batavian Republic; Joachim Murat became Grand-Duke of Berg; Jérôme Bonaparte was made son-in-law to the King of Württemberg and King of Westphalia; and Eugène de Beauharnais was appointed Viceroy of Italy while Stéphanie de Beauharnais married the son of the Grand Duke of Baden.
Restored briefly in 1814 and definitively in 1815 after the fall of the First French Empire, the senior line of the Bourbons was finally overthrown in the July Revolution of 1830.

Adriatic Sea

AdriaticAdriatic coastThe Adriatic
Napoleon's creation of the Kingdom of Italy, the occupation of Ancona, and his annexation of Venetia and its former Adriatic territories marked a new stage in his Empire's progress.
The Napoleonic Wars resulted in the First French Empire gaining coastal control and the British effort to counter the French in the area, ultimately securing most of the eastern Adriatic shore and the Po Valley for Austria.

Nobility of the First French Empire

Baron of the EmpireCount of the Empirecomte de l'Empire
In addition to the vassal titles, Napoleon's closest relatives were also granted the title of French Prince and formed the Imperial House of France.
As Emperor of the French, Napoleon I created titles of nobility to institute a stable elite in the First French Empire, after the instability resulting from the French Revolution.