First MacDonald ministry

first Labour governmentLabour governmentMacDonald I1924 Labour governmentLabour government of 1924minority Labour governmentLabour1924Britain's first ever Labour governmentCabinet
The first MacDonald ministry of the United Kingdom lasted from January to November 1924.wikipedia
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1923 United Kingdom general election

19231923 general election1923 election
The Labour Party, under Ramsay MacDonald, had failed to win the general election of December 1923, with 191 seats, although the combined Opposition tally exceeded that of the Conservative government creating a hung parliament.
MacDonald formed the first ever Labour government with tacit support from the Liberals.

Ramsay MacDonald

MacDonaldJames Ramsay MacDonaldRt Hon. Ramsay MacDonald
The Labour Party, under Ramsay MacDonald, had failed to win the general election of December 1923, with 191 seats, although the combined Opposition tally exceeded that of the Conservative government creating a hung parliament.
He was the first Labour Party politician to become Prime Minister, leading minority Labour governments in 1924 and in 1929–31.

Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
The Labour Party, under Ramsay MacDonald, had failed to win the general election of December 1923, with 191 seats, although the combined Opposition tally exceeded that of the Conservative government creating a hung parliament.
It overtook the Liberal Party to become the main opposition to the Conservative Party in the early 1920s, forming minority governments under Ramsay MacDonald in 1924 and from 1929 to 1931.

George V

King George VKingthe King
Baldwin advised King George V to send for MacDonald, since the Labour Party held more seats in the Commons than the Liberals.
In 1924 he appointed the first Labour ministry and in 1931 the Statute of Westminster recognised the dominions of the Empire as separate, independent states within the Commonwealth of Nations.

Court uniform and dress in the United Kingdom

court dresscourt uniformcourt uniform and dress
MacDonald accepted the King's commission later that day, arriving with his Labour colleagues, to the amusement of many and dismay of others, in full court dress.
Official sanction of 'Frock dress' as an alternative to Court dress coincided with the election of Britain's first Labour government (George V is said to have shown sensitivity to his new government in sartorial matters).

Arthur Henderson

HendersonRt Hon. Arthur HendersonThe Right Honourable '''Arthur Henderson
As well as being Prime Minister, he became his own Foreign Secretary, a dual role which he performed well enough, but which alienated the second man in the party, Arthur Henderson, who became Home Secretary. Only three members had previously been ministers (two only briefly): Richard Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane (ex-Liberal), Arthur Henderson and J. R. Clynes; though others had been under-secretaries.
In 1924, Henderson was appointed as Home Secretary in the first-ever Labour government, led by MacDonald.

Independent Labour Party

ILPIndependent LabourIndependent Labour Party (ILP)
Philip Snowden, the evangelical ex-member of the Independent Labour Party (ILP) became a rigidly orthodox Chancellor of the Exchequer, while the next two prominent members of the party, Jimmy Thomas and J. R. Clynes, became Colonial Secretary and Lord Privy Seal respectively.
However, the first Labour government, returned to office in 1924, proved to be hugely disappointing to the ILP.

J. R. Campbell (communist)

J. R. CampbellJ.R. Campbell
The Communist J. R. Campbell had been prosecuted by the government for publishing an article calling on troops not to fire on strikers.
This became known as the "Campbell Case," and when the first Labour Government dropped the prosecution, the combined Conservative and Liberal Party opposition won a vote of no confidence, which in turn led to the 1924 general election.

Lord Privy Seal

Keeper of the Privy SealPrivy SealLord Keeper of the Privy Seal
Philip Snowden, the evangelical ex-member of the Independent Labour Party (ILP) became a rigidly orthodox Chancellor of the Exchequer, while the next two prominent members of the party, Jimmy Thomas and J. R. Clynes, became Colonial Secretary and Lord Privy Seal respectively.

Chancellor of the Exchequer

ChancellorChancellors of the ExchequerSpokesperson for the Treasury
Philip Snowden, the evangelical ex-member of the Independent Labour Party (ILP) became a rigidly orthodox Chancellor of the Exchequer, while the next two prominent members of the party, Jimmy Thomas and J. R. Clynes, became Colonial Secretary and Lord Privy Seal respectively.

Secretary of State for Scotland

Secretary for ScotlandScottish SecretarySecretary of State
A former chairman of the parliamentary party, Willie Adamson, became Scottish Secretary, while left-wingers Fred Jowett and John Wheatley became, respectively, First Commissioner of Works and Minister of Health.

Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs

Foreign SecretaryBritish Foreign SecretarySecretary of State for Foreign Affairs
As well as being Prime Minister, he became his own Foreign Secretary, a dual role which he performed well enough, but which alienated the second man in the party, Arthur Henderson, who became Home Secretary. Ramsay MacDonald – Prime Minister, Foreign Secretary and Leader of the House of Commons

Leader of the House of Commons

Leader of the HouseDeputy Leader of the House of CommonsLeader
Ramsay MacDonald – Prime Minister, Foreign Secretary and Leader of the House of Commons

Home Secretary

Home SecretariesSecretary of State for the Home DepartmentSecretary of State
As well as being Prime Minister, he became his own Foreign Secretary, a dual role which he performed well enough, but which alienated the second man in the party, Arthur Henderson, who became Home Secretary.

Housing (Financial Provisions) Act 1924

Wheatley Act of 19241924 Wheatley Housing ActHousing Act
The main achievement of the government was the 1924 Wheatley Housing Act, which MacDonald dubbed 'our most important legislative item'.
The act was introduced by the first Labour government, and was known as the Wheatley Housing Act after John Wheatley, the minister who introduced it.

Arthur Greenwood

Greenwood The Right Honourable '''Arthur Greenwood''' CH Rt. Hon. Arthur Greenwood
A prominent member of the Labour Party from the 1920s until the late 1940s, Greenwood rose to prominence within the party as secretary of its research department from 1920 and served as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health in the short-lived Labour government of 1924.

Lord President of the Council

Lord PresidentThe Lord President of the CouncilShadow Lord President of the Council
Lord Parmoor – Lord President of the Council and joint Leader of the House of Lords

Margaret Bondfield

Bondfield
In the short-lived minority Labour government of 1924 she served as parliamentary secretary in the Ministry of Labour.

Richard Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane

Richard HaldaneLord HaldaneViscount Haldane
Only three members had previously been ministers (two only briefly): Richard Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane (ex-Liberal), Arthur Henderson and J. R. Clynes; though others had been under-secretaries.
When the Labour government was formed by Ramsay MacDonald in early 1924, Haldane was recruited to serve once again as Lord Chancellor.

First Commissioner of Works

Minister of WorksCommissioner of WorksMinister of Public Buildings and Works
Frederick William Jowett – First Commissioner of Works

Clement Attlee

AttleeEarl AttleeAttlee government
His first taste of ministerial office came in 1924, when he served as Under-Secretary of State for War in the short-lived first Labour government, led by MacDonald.

Patrick Hastings

Sir Patrick HastingsCampbell Casepublic inquiry
Hastings was appointed Attorney General for England and Wales in 1924, by the first Labour government, and knighted.

First Lord of the Admiralty

First LordFirst Lords of the Admiraltyappointed
Lord Chelmsford – First Lord of the Admiralty

Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food

Minister of AgricultureMinister of Agriculture and FisheriesPresident of the Board of Agriculture
Noel Buxton – Minister of Agriculture