First Party System

first political partiesparty politicsparty systempolitical partiesset the directiontwo-party system
The First Party System is a model of American politics used in history and political science to periodize the political party system that existed in the United States between roughly 1792 and 1824.wikipedia
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Thomas Jefferson

JeffersonPresident JeffersonJeffersonian
It featured two national parties competing for control of the presidency, Congress, and the states: the Federalist Party, created largely by Alexander Hamilton, and the rival Jeffersonian Democratic-Republican Party, formed by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, usually called at the time the Republican Party.
Jefferson and James Madison organized the Democratic-Republican Party to oppose the Federalist Party during the formation of the First Party System.

Second Party System

eraera in American politicspartisan politics
In 1824–28, as the Second Party System emerged, the Democratic-Republican Party split into the Jacksonian faction, which became the modern Democratic Party in the 1830s, and the Henry Clay faction, which was absorbed by Clay's Whig Party.
Historians and political scientists consider the Second Party System to be a term of periodization to designate the political party system operating in the United States from about 1828 to 1854, after the First Party System ended.

Era of Good Feelings

Era of Good Feelingreestablishment of normal diplomatic relationsThe Era of Good Feelings
The First Party System ended during the Era of Good Feelings (1816–1824), as the Federalists shrank to a few isolated strongholds and the Democratic-Republicans lost unity.
The era saw the collapse of the Federalist Party and an end to the bitter partisan disputes between it and the dominant Democratic-Republican Party during the First Party System.

Alexander Hamilton

HamiltonHamiltonianA. Hamilton
It featured two national parties competing for control of the presidency, Congress, and the states: the Federalist Party, created largely by Alexander Hamilton, and the rival Jeffersonian Democratic-Republican Party, formed by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, usually called at the time the Republican Party.
The American two-party system began to emerge as political parties coalesced around competing interests.

History of American newspapers

journalistFederalist and Republican newspapersnewspapers
The Federalist and Republican newspapers of the 1790s traded vicious barbs against their enemies.
The American press grew rapidly during the First Party System (1790s-1810s) when both parties sponsored papers to reach their loyal partisans.

George Washington

WashingtonGeneral WashingtonGeneral George Washington
President George Washington, while officially nonpartisan, generally supported the Federalists and that party made Washington their iconic hero.
His closest advisors formed two factions, portending the First Party System.

Jay Treaty

Jay's TreatyJay Treaty of 1794treaty
The Jay Treaty of 1794 marked the decisive mobilization of the two parties and their supporters in every state.
This debate crystallized the emerging partisan divisions and shaped the new "First Party System", with the Federalists favoring the British and the Jeffersonian republicans favoring France.

John J. Beckley

John BeckleyJohn James Beckley
In most states, the congressional elections were recognized in some sense, as Jefferson strategist John Beckley put it, as a "struggle between the Treasury department and the republican interest".
He is credited with being the first political campaign manager in the United States and for setting the standards for the First Party System.

Republicanism in the United States

republicanismRepublicanAmerican republicanism
Jefferson was especially fearful that British aristocratic influences would undermine republicanism.

Anti-Administration party

Anti-AdministrationAnti-FederalistAnti- Administration
Jefferson was joined by Madison in opposing the Washington administration, leading the "Anti-Administration party".
Politics now became more stable, with well-defined parties (Hamilton's Federalist Party and Jefferson's Republican party), thereby creating the First Party System which lasted two decades.

Federalist Party

FederalistFederalistsF
It featured two national parties competing for control of the presidency, Congress, and the states: the Federalist Party, created largely by Alexander Hamilton, and the rival Jeffersonian Democratic-Republican Party, formed by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, usually called at the time the Republican Party.

History of the United States (1789–1849)

antebellumantebellum periodHistory of the United States (1789-1849)
The 1790s were highly contentious, as the First Party System emerged in the contest between Hamilton and his Federalist party, and Thomas Jefferson and his Republican party.

French Revolution

RevolutionRevolutionary FranceRevolutionary
They supported the French Revolution, which had just seen the execution of King Louis XVI, and generally supported the Jeffersonian cause.
The Revolution deeply polarised American politics, and this polarisation led to the creation of the First Party System.

Noah Webster

WebsterNoah Webster, Jr.American Spelling Book
Nationalism was a high priority, and the editors fostered an intellectual nationalism typified by the Federalist effort to stimulate a national literary culture through their clubs and publications in New York and Philadelphia, and through Federalist Noah Webster's efforts to simplify and Americanize the language.
* First Party System

1796 United States presidential election

17961796 presidential election1796 election
The election marked the formation of the First Party System, and established a rivalry between Federalist New England and Democratic-Republican South, with the middle states holding the balance of power (New York and Maryland were the crucial swing states, and between them only voted for a loser once between 1789 and 1820).

Tertium quids

QuidsOld RepublicansQuid
The Quids complained he did not go far enough.
* First Party System

Political parties in the United States

political partiespolitical partypolitical party in the United States
The First Party System is a model of American politics used in history and political science to periodize the political party system that existed in the United States between roughly 1792 and 1824.

Democratic-Republican Party

Democratic-RepublicanDemocratic-RepublicansRepublican
It featured two national parties competing for control of the presidency, Congress, and the states: the Federalist Party, created largely by Alexander Hamilton, and the rival Jeffersonian Democratic-Republican Party, formed by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, usually called at the time the Republican Party.

James Madison

MadisonPresident MadisonPresident James Madison
It featured two national parties competing for control of the presidency, Congress, and the states: the Federalist Party, created largely by Alexander Hamilton, and the rival Jeffersonian Democratic-Republican Party, formed by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, usually called at the time the Republican Party.

Andrew Jackson

JacksonJacksonianPresident Andrew Jackson
In 1824–28, as the Second Party System emerged, the Democratic-Republican Party split into the Jacksonian faction, which became the modern Democratic Party in the 1830s, and the Henry Clay faction, which was absorbed by Clay's Whig Party.

History of the United States Democratic Party

Democratic PartyDemocraticDemocrat
In 1824–28, as the Second Party System emerged, the Democratic-Republican Party split into the Jacksonian faction, which became the modern Democratic Party in the 1830s, and the Henry Clay faction, which was absorbed by Clay's Whig Party.