First Philippine Republic

Philippine RepublicMalolos RepublicPhilippinesMalolos CongressFirst RepublicFirst Republic of the PhilippinesFilipino revolutionariesRepublic of the Philippinesrevolutionary governmentrevolutionary republic
The Philippine Republic (República Filipina; ), more commonly known as the First Philippine Republic or the Malolos Republic, was a nascent revolutionary government in the Philippines.wikipedia
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Malolos Constitution

Constitution1899 Malolos Constitutiona Constitution for the country
It was formally established with the proclamation of the Malolos Constitution on January 21, 1899, in Malolos, Bulacan, and endured until the capture of President Emilio Aguinaldo by the American forces on March 23, 1901, in Palanan, Isabela, which effectively dissolved the First Republic.
The Political Constitution of 1899 (Constitución Política de 1899), informally known as the Malolos Constitution, was the basic law of the First Philippine Republic.

Philippines

FilipinoPhilippinePhilippine Islands
The Philippine Republic (República Filipina; ), more commonly known as the First Philippine Republic or the Malolos Republic, was a nascent revolutionary government in the Philippines.
As the 19th century gave way to the 20th, the Philippine Revolution quickly followed, which then spawned the short-lived First Philippine Republic, followed by the bloody Philippine–American War.

Malolos

Malolos CityMalolos, BulacanMalolos City, Bulacan
It was formally established with the proclamation of the Malolos Constitution on January 21, 1899, in Malolos, Bulacan, and endured until the capture of President Emilio Aguinaldo by the American forces on March 23, 1901, in Palanan, Isabela, which effectively dissolved the First Republic.
Malolos was the site of the constitutional convention of 1898, known as the Malolos Convention, that led to the establishment of the First Philippine Republic, at the sanctuary of the Barasoain Church.

Philippine Revolution

revolutionPhilippine Revolution of 1896revolutionary
The Philippine Republic (República Filipina; ), more commonly known as the First Philippine Republic or the Malolos Republic, was a nascent revolutionary government in the Philippines.
creating the First Philippine Republic with Aguinaldo as President.

Philippine–American War

Philippine-American WarPhilippine InsurrectionFilipino-American War
The Philippine–American War began in February 1899, which the Philippine Republic lost.
The Philippine–American War, also referred to as the FilipinoAmerican War, the Philippine War, the Philippine Insurrection or the Tagalog Insurgency (Filipino: Digmaang Pilipino-Amerikano; Spanish: Guerra Filipino-Estadounidense), was an armed conflict between the First Philippine Republic and the United States that lasted from February 4, 1899, to July 2, 1902.

Battle of Manila (1899)

Battle of Manila1899 Battle of ManilaBattle of Manila of 1899
The fighting quickly escalated into the Second Battle of Manila, with Philippine Republic forces being driven out of the city.
The Battle of Manila (Filipino: Labanan sa Maynila; Batalla de Manila), the first and largest battle of the Philippine–American War, was fought on February 4–5, 1899, between 19,000 American soldiers and 15,000 Filipino armed militiamen.

Revolutionary Government of the Philippines (1898–1899)

Malolos CongressRevolutionary Government of the PhilippinesRevolutionary Government
Following the proclamation of independence Aguinaldo established a revolutionary government on June 23, 1898, under which the partly-elected and partly-appointed Malolos Congress convened on 15 September to write a constitution.
This government endured until January 23, 1899, when the proclamation of the Malolos Constitution established an insurgent Philippine Republic government which replaced it.

Emilio Aguinaldo

AguinaldoGeneral Emilio AguinaldoGen. Emilio Aguinaldo
It was formally established with the proclamation of the Malolos Constitution on January 21, 1899, in Malolos, Bulacan, and endured until the capture of President Emilio Aguinaldo by the American forces on March 23, 1901, in Palanan, Isabela, which effectively dissolved the First Republic.
The First Philippine Republic was formally established with the proclamation of the Malolos Constitution on January 21, 1899 in Malolos, Bulacan and endured until capture of Emilio Aguinaldo by the American forces on March 23, 1901 in Palanan, Isabela, which effectively dissolved the First Republic.

Treaty of Paris (1898)

Treaty of ParisTreaty of Paris of 18981898 Treaty of Paris
In December 1898, Spain sold the Philippines to the United States in the 1898 Treaty of Paris, making the United States formally the Philippines colonial power.
Felipe Agoncillo, a Filipino lawyer representing the First Philippine Republic, was denied participation in the negotiation.

Manila

Manila, PhilippinesCity of ManilaMaynila
On February 4, 1899, armed conflict erupted in Manila between Philippine Republic forces and American forces occupying the city subsequent to the conclusion of the Spanish–American War.
The First Philippine Republic, based in nearby Bulacan, fought against the Americans for control of the city.

Angeles, Philippines

Angeles CityAngelesAngeles, Pampanga
In October 1899 American forces were in San Fernando, Pampanga and the Philippine Republic was headquartered not far north of there, in Angeles.
On 17 March 1899, General Emilio Aguinaldo transferred the seat of the First Philippine Republic to Angeles.

Calumpit

Calumpit, BulacanAng Bayan ng KalumpitCalizon, Calumpit
American forces captured Calumpit, Bulacan on April 27 and, moving north, captured Apalit, Pampanga with little opposition on May 4 and San Fernando, Pampanga on May 5.
Many notable Calumeteños helped establish and support the Malolos Republic, with the town serving as a defense line due to its proximity to the new capital.

Schurman Commission

First Philippine CommissioncommissionShurman Commission (First Philippine Commission)
Peace negotiations with the American Schurman Commission during a brief ceasefire in April–May 1899 failed, and San Isidro fell to American forces on May 16.
The commission spent a month meeting with Ilustrados who had deserted Aguinaldo's Malolos Republic government and studying the Malolos Constitution and other documents of Aguinaldo's revolutionary government.

United States Military Government of the Philippine Islands

Philippine Islands United States military government of the Philippine Islands Military Government
Following his capture, Aguinaldo announced allegiance to the United States on April 1, 1901, formally ending the First Republic and recognizing the sovereignty of the United States over the Philippines.
On June 2, 1899, the Malolos Congress enacted and ratified a declaration of war on the United States, which was publicly proclaimed on that same day by Pedro Paterno, President of the Assembly.

Apolinario Mabini

MabiniA. MabiniApolinario Mabini Awards
Aguinaldo appointed Apolinario Mabini to be the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines on August 23, 1899; however, the appointment did not materialize because of the Philippine–American War.
Apolinario Mabini y Maranan (July 23, 1864 – May 13, 1903) was a Filipino revolutionary leader, educator, lawyer, and statesman who served first as a legal and constitutional adviser to the Revolutionary Government, and then as the first Prime Minister of the Philippines upon the establishment of the First Philippine Republic.

Sovereignty of the Philippines

Formation of the republicPhilippine sovereigntysovereignty
On January 22, 1899 (subsequent to the signing of the Treaty of Paris) Aguinaldo's government was constituted by the Malolos Congress and is called the Malolos Republic as well as the First Philippine Republic (Republica Filipina).

Mount Polis

The party traveled on foot through a pass at the summit of Mount Polis, and arrived at Ambayuan the next morning.
In December 1899, Emilio Aguinaldo, President of the First Philippine Republic, passed through a pass on the mountain en route from Tirad Pass to Abra province while fleeing American forces during the Philippine-American War.

Lupang Hinirang

Philippine National Anthemnational anthemMarcha Nacional Filipina
Originally written it did not have lyrics when it was adopted as the anthem of the revolutionary First Philippine Republic and subsequently played during the proclamation of Philippine independence on 12 June 1898.

President of the Philippines

PresidentPhilippine PresidentPresidents
On January 23, 1899, he was then elected President of the First Philippine Republic, a government constituted by the Malolos Congress under the Malolos Constitution.

Antonio Luna

General Antonio LunaGen. Antonio LunaAntonio
Aguinaldo then appointed Antonio Luna as Director or Assistant Secretary of War by September 28, 1898, and the Philippines first military school, the Academia Militar was established in Malolos.
On 15 September 1898, the Malolos Congress, the constituent assembly of the First Philippine Republic, was convened in Barasoain Church.

Gregorio del Pilar

Gen. Gregorio del Pilar '''Gen. Gregorio del Pilar''' Gregorio H. del Pilar
Barbara, they joined a force of some 1200 armed men led by General Gregorio del Pilar.

History of the Philippines (1898–1946)

American colonial periodAmerican OccupationAmerican period
creating the First Philippine Republic.

Coat of arms of the Philippines

coat of armscoat of arms of the Philippine CommonwealthGreat Seal
Instead, salient features of the flag and seal of the short-lived Philippine Republic were incorporated, consisting of the eight-ray mythological sun and three stars located beneath the equilateral triangle.

Bulacan

Province of BulacanBulacan ProvinceBulacán
It was formally established with the proclamation of the Malolos Constitution on January 21, 1899, in Malolos, Bulacan, and endured until the capture of President Emilio Aguinaldo by the American forces on March 23, 1901, in Palanan, Isabela, which effectively dissolved the First Republic.