First Quarter Storm

Battle of Mendiolastudent uprising
The First Quarter Storm was a period of civil unrest in the Philippines, composed of a series of heavy demonstrations, protests, and marches against the government from January to March 1970, or the first quarter of 1970.wikipedia
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Ferdinand Marcos

MarcosFerdinand E. MarcosPresident Ferdinand Marcos
Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino Jr. remarked that the nation was turning into a 'garrison state' and President Marcos himself described the country as a 'social volcano.'
Student groups - some moderate and some radical - served as the driving force of the protests, which lasted until the end of the university semester in March 1970, and would come to be known as the "First Quarter Storm".

Kabataang Makabayan

Kabataang Makabayan (KM) is a political organization founded by Jose Maria Sison on November 30, 1964, intended to be a nationwide "extension" of the Student Cultural Association of the University of the Philippines (SCAUP), which is also an organization of student activists founded by Sison in 1959 that moved towards "academic freedom in the University against the combined machinations of the state and the church."
Kabataang Makabayan was at the forefront of the First Quarter Storm, a period of civic unrest in the Philippines consisting of a series of violent demonstrations, protests, and marches against the government of Ferdinand Marcos from January until March 1970.

Malacañang Palace

MalacañangMalacañan PalaceMalacañang Presidential Palace
The next day, faculty from the University of the Philippines led by the UP president S.P. Lopez, marched to Malacañang.
Following a student uprising that nearly breached the Palace gates in the early 1970s, Martial Law was declared, and the Palace complex and its surrounding neighbourhood was closed to the public.

Polytechnic University of the Philippines

PUPPhilippine College of CommerceCollege of Economics, Finance, and Politics
were heard mainly from the side of the students from Philippine College of Commerce and University of the Philippines.
As a hotbed of student activism, a handful of its students participated in the First Quarter Storm, one of the factors leading up to the declaration of Martial Law in 1972.

Salvador P. Lopez

S.P. Lopez
The next day, faculty from the University of the Philippines led by the UP president S.P. Lopez, marched to Malacañang.
It was during Lopez's presidency that UP students were politically radicalized, launching mass protests against the Marcos regime right from the so-called "First Quarter Storm" in 1970 to the "Diliman commune" in 1971.

Philippines

🇵🇭FilipinoPhilippine
The First Quarter Storm was a period of civil unrest in the Philippines, composed of a series of heavy demonstrations, protests, and marches against the government from January to March 1970, or the first quarter of 1970.

Demonstration (political)

demonstrationsdemonstrationrally
The First Quarter Storm was a period of civil unrest in the Philippines, composed of a series of heavy demonstrations, protests, and marches against the government from January to March 1970, or the first quarter of 1970.

Protest

protestspolitical protestprotester
The First Quarter Storm was a period of civil unrest in the Philippines, composed of a series of heavy demonstrations, protests, and marches against the government from January to March 1970, or the first quarter of 1970.

Proclamation No. 1081

martial lawdeclaration of martial lawdeclared
These violent protests, along with the subsequent protests they inspired, were collectively a major factor that led to the declaration of Martial Law in 1972.

Benigno Aquino Jr.

Ninoy AquinoBenigno S. Aquino Jr.Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr.
Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino Jr. remarked that the nation was turning into a 'garrison state' and President Marcos himself described the country as a 'social volcano.'

The Garrison State

garrison statecertain measures
Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino Jr. remarked that the nation was turning into a 'garrison state' and President Marcos himself described the country as a 'social volcano.'

Jose Maria Sison

Joma SisonAmado GuerreroJose Maria "Joma" Sison
Kabataang Makabayan (KM) is a political organization founded by Jose Maria Sison on November 30, 1964, intended to be a nationwide "extension" of the Student Cultural Association of the University of the Philippines (SCAUP), which is also an organization of student activists founded by Sison in 1959 that moved towards "academic freedom in the University against the combined machinations of the state and the church."

Embassy of the United States, Manila

United States EmbassyU.S. EmbassyUS Embassy
Their first demonstration, which took place at the U.S. Embassy on January 25, 1965, was held to this effect.

Laurel–Langley Agreement

Laurel-Langley agreement
The KM had since been active in various rallies and demonstrations such as those condemning the Laurel-Langley agreement, Parity Amendments, Mutual Defense treaty, the state visit of South Vietnam Premier Cao Ky in 1966, the state visit of President Marcos to the U.S., the Oct. 24, 1966 Manila Summit conference, the killings of Filipinos in American bases, and the visit of President Nixon—events which they believe contribute to the feudalistic nature of the country.

Richard Nixon

NixonPresident NixonRichard M. Nixon
The KM had since been active in various rallies and demonstrations such as those condemning the Laurel-Langley agreement, Parity Amendments, Mutual Defense treaty, the state visit of South Vietnam Premier Cao Ky in 1966, the state visit of President Marcos to the U.S., the Oct. 24, 1966 Manila Summit conference, the killings of Filipinos in American bases, and the visit of President Nixon—events which they believe contribute to the feudalistic nature of the country.

Manila Hotel

Manila Hotel Tent City Manila Hotel Tent CityManila Hotel Corporation
On October 24, KM held a demonstration in front of Manila Hotel to protest against American involvement in Vietnam which resulted in a violent dispersal.

Vietnam War

Vietnamwar in Vietnamwar
On October 24, KM held a demonstration in front of Manila Hotel to protest against American involvement in Vietnam which resulted in a violent dispersal.

Ateneo de Manila University

Ateneo de ManilaAteneoAteneo Municipal de Manila
Sison was in December of the same year to Ateneo de Manila University to talk about the events of the October 24 movement.

Philippine Revolution

revolutionrevolutionaryPhilippine revolution of 1896
Sison highlighted the parallels between the state at current time and the state during the 1896 Philippine Revolution against Spain:

José Rizal

Jose RizalRizalDr. Jose Rizal
If the brilliant students - Dr. Jose Rizal, Emilio Jacinto and Gregorio del Pilar - had merely concentrated on stale academic studies, and pursued successful professional careers and married well - in the accomplished style of Señor Pasta in El Filibusterismo - they would be worthless now to this nation, as worthless [...].

Emilio Jacinto

If the brilliant students - Dr. Jose Rizal, Emilio Jacinto and Gregorio del Pilar - had merely concentrated on stale academic studies, and pursued successful professional careers and married well - in the accomplished style of Señor Pasta in El Filibusterismo - they would be worthless now to this nation, as worthless [...].

Gregorio del Pilar

'''Gen. Gregorio del Pilar''' Boy GeneralGen. Gregorio del Pilar
If the brilliant students - Dr. Jose Rizal, Emilio Jacinto and Gregorio del Pilar - had merely concentrated on stale academic studies, and pursued successful professional careers and married well - in the accomplished style of Señor Pasta in El Filibusterismo - they would be worthless now to this nation, as worthless [...].

El filibusterismo

Juli
If the brilliant students - Dr. Jose Rizal, Emilio Jacinto and Gregorio del Pilar - had merely concentrated on stale academic studies, and pursued successful professional careers and married well - in the accomplished style of Señor Pasta in El Filibusterismo - they would be worthless now to this nation, as worthless [...].

De La Salle Araneta University

Gregorio Araneta UniversityGregorio Araneta University FoundationAraneta University
"At the Araneta University, for example, according to Cesar Bercades, president of its student council, the demonstrations there resulted in the damage of school property amounting to P56,920.34 and the dismissal of eight students from the university and all schools."

Bernabe Buscayno

Bernabe 'Kumander Dante' BuscaynoBernabé BuscaynoKumander Dante
During the campaign period for the 1969 elections, students called for a boycott of pools and promoted a mock campaign called the "Dante for President" movement, likely referring to Bernabe 'Kumander Dante' Buscayno, the founder of the New People's Army.