First Sangam

FirstHead Sangam
The First Sangam period or the First Academy, also known as the Head Sangam period, was a legendary period in the history of Ancient Tamilakam said to be the foremost of Tamil Sangams, known in the Tamil language as கூடல் (koodal) or 'gathering'.wikipedia
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Tamil Sangams

Tamil SangamSangamsangams
The First Sangam period or the First Academy, also known as the Head Sangam period, was a legendary period in the history of Ancient Tamilakam said to be the foremost of Tamil Sangams, known in the Tamil language as கூடல் (koodal) or 'gathering'.

Sangam period

SangamSangam ageSangam era
However, this is unlikely as the first mention of him is from Ptolemy and no Sangam work refers to him.
According to Tamil legends, there were three Sangam periods, namely Head Sangam, Middle Sangam and Last Sangam period.

Agattiyam

Akattiyam
It used Agattiyam as its grammar.
It is a non-extant text, traditionally believed to have been compiled and taught in the First Sangam, by Agathiar (Agastya) to twelve students.

Second Sangam

Middle SangamSecond
This led to the Middle Sangam period.
The primary factors leading to the formation of the Middle Sangam period was mentioned in the Iraiyanar Kalaviyal which mentions the kingdom of a King named Kandungon who was the last ruler during the First Sangam.

Tamilakam

ancient Tamil countryTamil countryTamilakkam
The First Sangam period or the First Academy, also known as the Head Sangam period, was a legendary period in the history of Ancient Tamilakam said to be the foremost of Tamil Sangams, known in the Tamil language as கூடல் (koodal) or 'gathering'.

Tamil language

TamilTamil-languageta
The First Sangam period or the First Academy, also known as the Head Sangam period, was a legendary period in the history of Ancient Tamilakam said to be the foremost of Tamil Sangams, known in the Tamil language as கூடல் (koodal) or 'gathering'.

Third Sangam

Madurai CollegeLast SangamThird
This is not to be confused with the historical Third Sangam period which lasted roughly from 600 BCE to 300 CE.

Pandya dynasty

PandyaPandyasPandyan
While most historians accept the historicity of this literature, they also understand that some literary academies would have held Pandyan patronage. Later literary works like Iraiyanar Akaporul mention that 549 poets were members of it including Shiva, Murugan, Kuperan and seven Pandya kings.

Agathiyar

Some are of the opinion that Agastaya or Agathiyar was the head of the Thalaichangam.

Ptolemy

Claudius PtolemyClaudius PtolemaeusPtolemaic
However, this is unlikely as the first mention of him is from Ptolemy and no Sangam work refers to him.

Kartikeya

MuruganMurugaSkanda
A more likely proposition is Lord Muruga (Kartikeya) being the head of the First Sangam as believed by others. Later literary works like Iraiyanar Akaporul mention that 549 poets were members of it including Shiva, Murugan, Kuperan and seven Pandya kings.

Shiva

Lord ShivaSivaLord Siva
Later literary works like Iraiyanar Akaporul mention that 549 poets were members of it including Shiva, Murugan, Kuperan and seven Pandya kings.

Kubera

KuveraKuberanKuwera
Later literary works like Iraiyanar Akaporul mention that 549 poets were members of it including Shiva, Murugan, Kuperan and seven Pandya kings.

Siddha medicine

SiddhaSiddha doctorBachelor of Siddha Medicine and Surgery
Siddha medicine is said to have been practiced during the First Sangam, and people "enjoyed mental and bodily health, respecting nature and living hygienically."

Kadungon

He is not to be confused with Kadungon who defeated the Kalabhras.

Kalabhra dynasty

KalabhrasKalabhraKalabhra Empire
He is not to be confused with Kadungon who defeated the Kalabhras.

Siddhar

siddhasgnana siddharssiddha
Some of their ideologies are considered to have originated during the First Sangam period.

Sangam literature

Sangamancient Tamil literatureclassical Tamil literature