First ascent

first ascentsfirst climbedfirst free ascentfirst ascendedfirst ascendersfirst climberfirst ascensionistFAfirst ascenderfirst recorded ascent
In mountaineering, a first ascent (abbreviated to FA in guidebooks) is the first successful, documented attainment of the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route.wikipedia
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Climbing route

routeroutesclimbing routes
In mountaineering, a first ascent (abbreviated to FA in guidebooks) is the first successful, documented attainment of the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route.
It became common practice for the first climber to choose a name for the route.

List of first ascents

first ascents
List of first ascents
The following list summarizes notable first ascents of mountains and peaks around the world, in chronological order.

Aiguille du Dru

DruPetit Druthe Petit Dru to the Grand Dru
The term last ascent has been used to refer to an ascent of a mountain or face that has subsequently changed to such an extent – often because of rockfall – that the route no longer exists (e.g., the south-west face of the Aiguille du Dru in the Alps).
The first ascent of the Grand Dru was by British alpinists Clinton Thomas Dent and James Walker Hartley, with guides Alexander Burgener and K. Maurer, who climbed it via the south-east face on 12 September 1878.

Glossary of climbing terms

on-sightonsightexposure
Glossary of climbing terms
First ascent (FA)

Mountaineering

mountaineermountain climbingmountain climber
In mountaineering, a first ascent (abbreviated to FA in guidebooks) is the first successful, documented attainment of the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route.

Free climbing

free climbfreefree climbed
In free climbing, a first ascent (or first free ascent, abbreviated FFA) of a climbing route is the first successful, documented climb of a route without using equipment such as anchors or ropes for aiding progression or resting. In rock climbing, some of the earlier first ascents, particularly for difficult routes, involved a mix of free and aid climbing.

List of first ascents (sport climbing)

first free ascentLa Planta de ShivaNotable first ascents
In free climbing, a first ascent (or first free ascent, abbreviated FFA) of a climbing route is the first successful, documented climb of a route without using equipment such as anchors or ropes for aiding progression or resting.

Cairn

burial cairncairnsburial cairns
The details of the first ascents of even many prominent mountains are scanty or unknown; sometimes the only evidence of prior summiting is a cairn, artifacts, or inscriptions at the top.

Africa

AfricanAfrican continentAfrican countries
Overwhelmingly, the idea of a "first ascent" is a modern one, especially in places such as Africa and the Americas with a history of colonialism.

Americas

Americathe AmericasAmerican
Overwhelmingly, the idea of a "first ascent" is a modern one, especially in places such as Africa and the Americas with a history of colonialism.

Llullaillaco

Child Mummy Sacrifice
For example, the volcano Llullaillaco on the border of Argentina and Chile is known to have been climbed in the prehistoric period due to the presence of Incan artifacts at the summit, yet credit for the first recorded ascent is given to Chilean climbers Bión González and Juan Harseim, who summited in 1952.

Argentina

🇦🇷ArgentineARG
For example, the volcano Llullaillaco on the border of Argentina and Chile is known to have been climbed in the prehistoric period due to the presence of Incan artifacts at the summit, yet credit for the first recorded ascent is given to Chilean climbers Bión González and Juan Harseim, who summited in 1952.

Chile

🇨🇱ChileanRepublic of Chile
For example, the volcano Llullaillaco on the border of Argentina and Chile is known to have been climbed in the prehistoric period due to the presence of Incan artifacts at the summit, yet credit for the first recorded ascent is given to Chilean climbers Bión González and Juan Harseim, who summited in 1952.

Inca Empire

IncaIncanIncas
For example, the volcano Llullaillaco on the border of Argentina and Chile is known to have been climbed in the prehistoric period due to the presence of Incan artifacts at the summit, yet credit for the first recorded ascent is given to Chilean climbers Bión González and Juan Harseim, who summited in 1952.

Aid climbing

aidaid climbaid-climbing
In rock climbing, some of the earlier first ascents, particularly for difficult routes, involved a mix of free and aid climbing.

Winter

austral winterwinteringmeteorological winter
This is most important where the climate of winter is a factor in increasing the difficulty grade of the route (higher elevation, polar latitudes).

Northern Hemisphere

NorthernBorealhemisphere
In the Northern Hemisphere conventional winter ascents are made between December 21 and March 21 and are not related to the conditions.

Alps

Alpinethe AlpsAlpine region
The term last ascent has been used to refer to an ascent of a mountain or face that has subsequently changed to such an extent – often because of rockfall – that the route no longer exists (e.g., the south-west face of the Aiguille du Dru in the Alps).

Exploration of the High Alps

AlpinismList of first ascents in the AlpsAlpine exploration
List of first ascents in the Alps

List of highest mountains on Earth

Highest Mountains of the Worldhighest mountainhighest
List of first ascents in the Himalaya

1953 British Mount Everest expedition

1953 British Expedition1953 British Everest Expedition1953 Everest expedition
The 1953 British Mount Everest expedition was the ninth mountaineering expedition to attempt the first ascent of Mount Everest, and the first confirmed to have succeeded when Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay reached the summit on Friday, 29 May 1953.

1921 British Mount Everest reconnaissance expedition

1921 British Reconnaissance Expedition1921 reconnaissance1921
The 1921 British Mount Everest reconnaissance expedition set off to explore how it might be possible to get to the vicinity of Mount Everest, to reconnoitre possible routes for ascending the mountain, and – if possible – make the first ascent of the highest mountain in the world.

Thomas Middlemore

Thomas Middlemore (1842 – 16 May 1923) was an English mountaineer who made multiple first ascents during the silver age of alpinism.

Lynn Hill

Widely regarded as one of the leading competitive sport climbers in the world during the late 1980s and early 1990s, she is famous for making the first free ascent of the difficult sheer rock face of The Nose on El Capitan in Yosemite Valley, and for repeating it the next year in less than 24 hours.

Edward Whymper

Whymper
Edward Whymper (27 April 1840 – 16 September 1911) was an English mountaineer, explorer, illustrator, and author best known for the first ascent of the Matterhorn in 1865.