Low wing on a Curtiss P-40
A Boeing 737 airliner is an example of a fixed-wing aircraft
Parasol wing on a Pietenpol Air Camper
Delta (triangular) kite
The Santos-Dumont Demoiselle was the first production monoplane (replica shown).
Boys flying a kite in 1828 Bavaria, by Johann Michael Voltz
The Junkers J 1 monoplane pioneered all-metal construction in 1915.
Le Bris and his glider, Albatros II, photographed by Nadar, 1868
Wright Flyer III piloted by Orville Wright over Huffman Prairie, 4 October 1905
Santos-Dumont's self-propelled 14-bis on an old postcard
Curtiss NC-4 flying boat after it completed the first crossing of the Atlantic in 1919, standing next to a fixed-wing heavier-than-air aircraft
Aircraft parked on the ground in Afghanistan
A glider (sailplane) being winch-launched
Ultralight "airchair" Goat 1 glider
A 1943 USAAF Waco CG-4A
Hang gliding
A kite in flight
Chinese dragon kite more than one hundred feet long which flew in the Berkeley, California, kite festival in 2000
A quad-line traction kite, commonly used as a power source for kite surfing
Train of connected kites
The IAI Heron is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) with a twin-boom configuration
The An-225 Mriya, the largest airplane in the world, which can carry a 250-tonne payload, has two vertical stabilizers
Captured Morane-Saulnier L wire-braced parasol monoplane
Two Dassault Mirage G prototypes, one with wings swept (top)
The US-produced B-2 Spirit, a strategic bomber capable of intercontinental missions, has a flying wing configuration
Computer-generated model of the Boeing X-48
The Martin Aircraft Company X-24 was built as part of a 1963–1975 experimental US military program
Canards on the Saab Viggen
Typical light aircraft (Cessna 150M) cockpit with control yokes
The six basic flight instruments. Top row (left to right): airspeed indicator, attitude indicator, altimeter. Bottom row (left to right): turn coordinator, heading indicator, vertical speed indicator.

A monoplane is a fixed-wing aircraft configuration with a single mainplane, in contrast to a biplane or other types of multiplanes, which have multiple planes.

- Monoplane

The Bleriot VIII design of 1908 was an early aircraft design that had the modern monoplane tractor configuration.

- Fixed-wing aircraft
Low wing on a Curtiss P-40

4 related topics

Alpha

An F-16 Fighting Falcon (left), P-51D Mustang (bottom), F-86 Sabre (top), and F-22 Raptor (right) fly in a formation representing four generations of American fighters.

Fighter aircraft

An F-16 Fighting Falcon (left), P-51D Mustang (bottom), F-86 Sabre (top), and F-22 Raptor (right) fly in a formation representing four generations of American fighters.
Airco DH.2 "pusher" scout
The USAF Lockheed Martin F-35A
SPAD S.A.2, with gunner in "basket" up front
Jules Védrines in his Nieuport 16, armed with a Lewis, after clearing the front line of German observation balloons with the first rocket attack in history
A replica German Fokker Dr.I
Nieuport-Delage NiD.52, which in various forms would be used through the 20s and into the 1930s by various European air arms, including that of the French and Spanish.
A Messerschmitt Bf 109E warbird demonstrator
A Supermarine Spitfire, typical World War II fighter optimized for high level speeds and good climb rates.
Grumman F4F-3 Wildcat, early 1942
North American P-51D Mustang during WWII
The Messerschmitt Me 262 was one of the fastest aircraft of WWII.
The Gloster Meteor was Britain’s first jet fighter and the Allies' only jet aircraft used during World War II
English Electric Lightning
U.S. Air Force McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II
The U.S. Air Force McDonnell F-15 Eagle
A MiG-31 of the Russian Air Force
An F/A-18C Hornet
The Dassault Rafale over RIAT in 2009
Lockheed Martin/Boeing F-22 Raptor at the 2008 Joint Services Open House airshow
Chengdu J-20 at the 2018 airshow in China
The Sukhoi Su-57 of the Russian Air Force
M61 20 mm gun installation on West German Lockheed F-104G Starfighter
AIM-9 Sidewinder (underwing pylon) and AIM-120 AMRAAM (wingtip) carried by lightweight F-16 fighter
An MBDA Meteor, an ARH BVR AAM used on the Eurofighter Typhoon, Saab JAS 39 Gripen, Lockheed Martin F-35, and Dassault Rafale
The Chengdu J-20 of the People's Liberation Army Air Force

Fighter aircraft are fixed-wing military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat.

By World War II, most fighters were all-metal monoplanes armed with batteries of machine guns or cannons and some were capable of speeds approaching 400 mph. Most fighters up to this point had one engine, but a number of twin-engine fighters were built; however they were found to be outmatched against single-engine fighters and were relegated to other tasks, such as night fighters equipped with primitive radar sets.

First World War Sopwith Camel biplane

Biplane

First World War Sopwith Camel biplane
1920s biplane hang glider
Soviet Antonov An-2 biplane from the 1940s
Wing stagger on a Fleet Finch primary trainer
The much smaller lower wing is apparent in this photo of a Nieuport 17
Otto Lilienthal flying his Large Biplane in Lichterfelde (near Berlin) on October 19, 1895
1909 Voisin biplane, with "curtains" connecting the upper and lower wings
Late 1930s Fiat CR.42 Falco with Warren truss interplane struts which reduced the work needed in rigging a biplane
Boeing-Stearman Model 75 PT-13D biplane trainer from the 30s and 40s
Polikarpov Po-2, of which over 20,000 were built by the Soviet Union
Mauro Solar Riser electric-powered ultralight biplane
Zeppelin-Lindau D.I strutless biplane
Nieuport 23 single-bay sesquiplane
SPAD S.XIII single-bay biplane with auxiliary struts
Curtiss JN-4 two-bay biplane
Handley Page V/1500 four-bay or multi-bay biplane

A biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings stacked one above the other.

While a biplane wing structure has a structural advantage over a monoplane, it produces more drag than a monoplane wing.

Bell X-14 showing lengthened landing gear legs to reduce suckdown

Ground effect (aerodynamics)

Bell X-14 showing lengthened landing gear legs to reduce suckdown
Dassault Mirage IIIV hovering over open grid
Underside view of the first prototype P.1127 showing small ventral strakes to increase fountain lift
Harrier GR9 showing the Lift Improvement Devices, large ventral strakes and a retractable dam behind nosewheel
F-35B showing weapon's bay inboard doors open to capture rising fountain flow

For fixed-wing aircraft, ground effect is the reduced aerodynamic drag that an aircraft's wings generate when they are close to a fixed surface.

Low winged aircraft are more affected by ground effect than high wing aircraft.

The Spitfire wing may be classified as: "a conventional low-wing cantilever monoplane with unswept elliptical wings of moderate aspect ratio and slight dihedral".

Wing configuration

The Spitfire wing may be classified as: "a conventional low-wing cantilever monoplane with unswept elliptical wings of moderate aspect ratio and slight dihedral".
Various minor surfaces
High-lift devices
Spanwise flow control device
Vortex devices
Drag-reduction devices

The wing configuration of a fixed-wing aircraft (including both gliders and powered aeroplanes) is its arrangement of lifting and related surfaces.

Monoplane: one wing plane. Since the 1930s most aeroplanes have been monoplanes. The wing may be mounted at various positions relative to the fuselage: