There are a number of traditionally itinerant or travelling groups in Europe who are known as "Travellers" or "Gypsies".- Itinerant groups in Europe
Several alternatives to the 1978 flag still emerged among dissenting Romani or itinerant groups.- Flag of the Romani people
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The Romani (also spelled Romany, ), colloquially known as the Roma, are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group, traditionally nomadic itinerants.
Although some Romani could be kept as slaves in Wallachia and Moldavia until abolition in 1856, the majority traveled as free nomads with their wagons, as alluded to in the spoked wheel symbol in the Romani flag.
Widespread symbol used in Indian religions such as Hinduism, Jainism, and especially Buddhism.
A very similar wheel symbol also appears in the flag of the Romani people, hinting to their nomadic history and their Indian origins.
Leader of the Romani (Gypsy) community in Romania, also remembered for his support of Romania's interwar far-right.
Historian Ian Hancock claims that it was a horizontal bicolor, and as such a predecessor for the current Romani flag.
Irish Travellers (na lucht siúil, meaning "the walking people"), also known as Pavees or Mincéirs (Shelta: Mincéirí), are a traditionally peripatetic ethno-cultural group originating in Ireland.
They are one of several groups identified as "Travellers", a closely related group being the Scottish Travellers.
The Kalderash are a subgroup of the Romani people.
According to studies done on the Kalderash clans of Seattle, Kalderash Roma generally stick to traditional itinerant jobs such as automobile body repair, roofing, stove cleaning, and other short term jobs that allows them to maintain their traditional lifestyle.
The Yenish (German: Jenische; French: Yéniche) are an itinerant group in Western Europe who live mostly in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Belgium, and parts of France, roughly centred on the Rhineland.
Ethnicity is a grouping of people who identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from other groups.
Ethno-cultural, emphasizing shared culture or tradition, often overlapping with other forms of ethnicity – example: Travellers
The Sinti (also Sinta or Sinte; masc. sing.
They were traditionally itinerant, but today only a small percentage of Sinti remain unsettled.
Scottish Travellers, or the people in Scotland loosely termed Romani persons or travellers, consist of a number of diverse, unrelated communities that speak a variety of different languages and dialects that pertain to distinct customs, histories, and traditions.
True nomadism has rarely been practiced in Europe in the modern period, being restricted to the margins of the continent, notably Arctic peoples such as the (traditionally) semi-nomadic Saami people in the north of Scandinavia, or the Nenets people in Russia's Nenets Autonomous Okrug.
Sometimes also described as "nomadic" (in the figurative or extended sense) is the itinerant lifestyle of various groups subsisting on craft or trade rather than on livestock.