Flaming (Internet)

flame warflame warsflamingflameflamesflamewarsflamebaitflamewarflamedInternet flame war
Flaming is the online act of posting insults, often laced with profanity or other offensive language on social networking sites.wikipedia
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Online disinhibition effect

online disinhibitionthe anonymity of online postings would lead to disinhibition
These include deindividuation and reduced awareness of other people's feelings (online disinhibition effect), conformance to perceived norms, miscommunication caused by the lack of social cues available in face-to-face communication, and anti-normative behavior.

Internet forum

forumforumsmessage board
In the modern era, "flaming" was used at East Coast engineering schools in the United States as a present participle in a crude expression to describe an irascible individual and by extension to such individuals on the earliest Internet chat rooms and message boards. Flame trolling is the posting of a provocative or offensive message, known as "flamebait", to a public Internet discussion group, such as a forum, newsgroup or mailing list, with the intent of provoking an angry response (a "flame") or argument.
Their provocative behavior may potentially start flame wars (see below) or other disturbances.

Internet troll

trollingtrollstroll
This term should not be confused with the term trolling, which is the act of someone going online, or in person, and causing discord.
Early incidents of trolling were considered to be the same as flaming, but this has changed with modern usage by the news media to refer to the creation of any content that targets another person.

Spiral of silence

The Spiral of Silencequasi-statistical senseSpiral of silence on the Internet

Social science

social sciencessocial scientistsocial
Social researchers have investigated flaming, coming up with several different theories about the phenomenon.

Deindividuation

belowdeindividualizationdeindividuating
These include deindividuation and reduced awareness of other people's feelings (online disinhibition effect), conformance to perceived norms, miscommunication caused by the lack of social cues available in face-to-face communication, and anti-normative behavior.

Social norm

social normsnormsnorm
These include deindividuation and reduced awareness of other people's feelings (online disinhibition effect), conformance to perceived norms, miscommunication caused by the lack of social cues available in face-to-face communication, and anti-normative behavior.

Computer-mediated communication

online discussiononline communicationsubject line
Professor Norman Johnson, commenting on the propensity of Internet posters to flame one another, states: The literature suggests that, compared to face-to-face, the increased incidence of flaming when using computer-mediated communication is due to reductions in the transfer of social cues, which decrease individuals' concern for social evaluation and fear of social sanctions or reprisals.

Social environment

milieuenvironmentsocial context
A lack of social context creates an element of anonymity, which allows users to feel insulated from the forms of punishment they might receive in a more conventional setting.

Nonverbal communication

nonverbalnon-verbal communicationnon-verbal
Perceived unfairness can include a lack of consideration for an individual's vested interests, unfavorable treatment (especially when the flamer has been considerate of other users), and misunderstandings aggravated by the inability to convey subtle indicators like non-verbal cues and facial expressions.

Facial expression

facial expressionsexpressionexpressions
Perceived unfairness can include a lack of consideration for an individual's vested interests, unfavorable treatment (especially when the flamer has been considerate of other users), and misunderstandings aggravated by the inability to convey subtle indicators like non-verbal cues and facial expressions.

Ralph Waldo Emerson

EmersonEmersonianRalph Emerson
For example, Ralph Waldo Emerson's contempt for Jane Austen's works often extended to the author herself, with Emerson describing her as "without genius, wit, or knowledge of the world".

Jane Austen

AustenJane Austen SocietyAusten, Jane
For example, Ralph Waldo Emerson's contempt for Jane Austen's works often extended to the author herself, with Emerson describing her as "without genius, wit, or knowledge of the world".

History of the world

modern historymodern erahuman history
In the modern era, "flaming" was used at East Coast engineering schools in the United States as a present participle in a crude expression to describe an irascible individual and by extension to such individuals on the earliest Internet chat rooms and message boards.

Engineering

engineerengineersengineered
In the modern era, "flaming" was used at East Coast engineering schools in the United States as a present participle in a crude expression to describe an irascible individual and by extension to such individuals on the earliest Internet chat rooms and message boards.

Text processing

Computational approachestexttext processors
This is a reference to both The Human Torch of the Fantastic_Four, who used those words when activating his flame abilities, and to the way text processing programs of the time worked, by placing commands before and after text to indicate how it should appear when printed.

Kill file

killfileKILL filesKill-file
Jerry Pournelle in 1986 explained why he wanted a kill file for BIX :

Byte Information Exchange

BIXBix online service
Jerry Pournelle in 1986 explained why he wanted a kill file for BIX :

Message

communiquémessagingcommunique
Flame trolling is the posting of a provocative or offensive message, known as "flamebait", to a public Internet discussion group, such as a forum, newsgroup or mailing list, with the intent of provoking an angry response (a "flame") or argument.

Usenet newsgroup

newsgroupnewsgroupsnews group
Flame trolling is the posting of a provocative or offensive message, known as "flamebait", to a public Internet discussion group, such as a forum, newsgroup or mailing list, with the intent of provoking an angry response (a "flame") or argument.

Mailing list

mailing listsmailinglistlistwashing
Flame trolling is the posting of a provocative or offensive message, known as "flamebait", to a public Internet discussion group, such as a forum, newsgroup or mailing list, with the intent of provoking an angry response (a "flame") or argument.

Ad hominem

ad personamArgumentum ad hominempersonal attacks
Flame wars can become intense and can include "death threats, ad hominem invective, and textual amplifiers" but to some sociologists flame wars can actually bring people together.

Acronym

initialismacronymsinitials
Often when someone takes the bait, others will point this out to them with the acronym "YHBT", which is short for "You have been trolled", or reply with "don't feed the trolls".

Science studies

sciencescience and technology studiesScience stream
In sociology, history, or any kind of online ethnographic academic study, flame wars as a corpus, in a STS approach of controversies, may be used to understand what is at stake in a community.

Mapping controversies

controversies
In sociology, history, or any kind of online ethnographic academic study, flame wars as a corpus, in a STS approach of controversies, may be used to understand what is at stake in a community.