Flat-panel display

flat panel displayflat panelflat panel displaysflat-panelflat screenflatscreenflat screen televisionflat screen TVflat-panel displaysflat-panel TV
A flat-panel display (FPD) is an electronic viewing technology used to enable people to see content (still images, moving images, text, or other visual material) in a range of entertainment, consumer electronics, personal computer, and mobile devices, and many types of medical, transportation and industrial equipment.wikipedia
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Video

analog videovideo albumvideo recording
A flat-panel display (FPD) is an electronic viewing technology used to enable people to see content (still images, moving images, text, or other visual material) in a range of entertainment, consumer electronics, personal computer, and mobile devices, and many types of medical, transportation and industrial equipment.
Video was first developed for mechanical television systems, which were quickly replaced by cathode ray tube (CRT) systems which were later replaced by flat panel displays of several types.

Consumer electronics

consumer electronicelectronicsbrown goods
A flat-panel display (FPD) is an electronic viewing technology used to enable people to see content (still images, moving images, text, or other visual material) in a range of entertainment, consumer electronics, personal computer, and mobile devices, and many types of medical, transportation and industrial equipment.
Consumer electronics include devices used for entertainment (flatscreen TVs, DVD players, video games, remote control cars, etc.), communications (telephones, cell phones, e-mail-capable laptops, etc.), and home-office activities (e.g., desktop computers, printers, paper shredders, etc.).

Television set

TV settelevision receivertelevisions
They are far lighter and thinner than traditional cathode ray tube (CRT) television sets and video displays and are usually less than 10 cm thick.
By the early 2010s, flat-panel television incorporating liquid-crystal display (LCD) technology, especially LED-backlit LCD technology, largely replaced CRT and other display technologies.

E-book

ebooke-bookseBooks
Static flat-panel displays rely on materials whose color states are bistable (e.g., e-book reader tablets from Sony), and as such, flat-panel displays retain the text or images on the screen even when the power is off. Bistable flat-panel displays are beginning deployment in limited applications (Cholesteric liquid crystal displays, manufactured by Magink, in outdoor advertising; electrophoretic displays in e-book reader devices from Sony and iRex; anlabels; interferometric modulator displays in a smartwatch).
An electronic book, also known as an e-book or eBook, is a book publication made available in digital form, consisting of text, images, or both, readable on the flat-panel display of computers or other electronic devices.

Aiken tube

The first production flat-panel display was the Aiken tube, developed in the early 1950s and produced in limited numbers in 1958.
The Aiken tube was the first successful flat panel black and white television.

Active matrix

active-matrixactive matrix addressingactive addressing
The first active-matrix addressed electroluminescent display (ELD) was made using TFTs by T. Peter Brody's Thin-Film Devices department at Westinghouse Electric Corporation in 1968.
Active matrix is a type of addressing scheme used in flat panel displays.

Electroluminescent display

electroluminescentelectro-luminescent screenElectroluminescent (EL) display
The first active-matrix addressed electroluminescent display (ELD) was made using TFTs by T. Peter Brody's Thin-Film Devices department at Westinghouse Electric Corporation in 1968.
Electroluminescent Displays (ELDs) are a type of Flat panel display created by sandwiching a layer of electroluminescent material such as GaAs between two layers of conductors.

Television

TVtelevisedtelevisions
Attempts to commercialize the system for home television use ran into continued problems and the system was never released commercially.
In 1936, Kálmán Tihanyi described the principle of plasma display, the first flat panel display system.

LED display

LED screensLEDLED screen
The first usable light-emitting diode (LED) display was developed by Hewlett-Packard (HP) and introduced in 1968.
A LED display is a flat panel display that uses an array of light-emitting diodes as pixels for a video display.

Active-matrix liquid-crystal display

AMLCDactive matrix liquid crystal displaysactive matrix
Brody and Fang-Chen Luo demonstrated the first flat active-matrix liquid-crystal display (AM LCD) using TFTs in 1974.
An active-matrix liquid-crystal display (AMLCD) is a type of flat-panel display, the only viable technology for high-resolution TVs, computer monitors, notebook computers, tablet computers and smartphones with an LCD screen, due to low weight, very good image quality, wide color gamut and response time.

Cathode-ray tube

cathode ray tubeCRTcathode ray tubes
They are far lighter and thinner than traditional cathode ray tube (CRT) television sets and video displays and are usually less than 10 cm thick. The Philco Predicta featured a relatively flat (for its day) cathode ray tube setup and would be the first commercially released "flat panel" upon its launch in 1958; the Predicta was a commercial failure.
Since the late 2000s, CRTs have been largely superseded by newer "flat panel" display technologies such as LCD, plasma display, and OLED displays, which in the case of LCD and OLED displays have lower manufacturing costs and power consumption, as well as significantly less weight and bulk.

Plasma display

plasmaplasma TVplasma screen
The plasma display panel was invented in 1964 at the University of Illinois, according to The History of Plasma Display Panels.
A plasma display panel (PDP) is a type of flat panel display that uses small cells containing plasma; ionized gas that responds to electric fields.

Predicta

Philco PredictaPhilco television setsPredicta television
The Philco Predicta featured a relatively flat (for its day) cathode ray tube setup and would be the first commercially released "flat panel" upon its launch in 1958; the Predicta was a commercial failure.
The Predicta also had a thinner picture tube than many other televisions at the time, which led it to be marketed as a more futuristic television set.

Sony XEL-1

XEL-1
The Sony XEL-1, released in 2007, was the first OLED television.

Field-emission display

field emission displayFEDField emission display (FED)
A field-emission display (FED) is a flat panel display technology that uses large-area field electron emission sources to provide electrons that strike colored phosphor to produce a color image.

Surface-conduction electron-emitter display

SEDSED-tvsurface electron display (SED)
A surface-conduction electron-emitter display (SED) is a display technology for flat panel displays developed by a number of companies.

Electronic paper

e-papere-inkelectrophoretic display
Bistable flat-panel displays are beginning deployment in limited applications (Cholesteric liquid crystal displays, manufactured by Magink, in outdoor advertising; electrophoretic displays in e-book reader devices from Sony and iRex; anlabels; interferometric modulator displays in a smartwatch).
Unlike conventional backlit flat panel displays that emit light, electronic paper displays reflect light like paper.

T. Peter Brody

T Peter Brody
The first active-matrix addressed electroluminescent display (ELD) was made using TFTs by T. Peter Brody's Thin-Film Devices department at Westinghouse Electric Corporation in 1968.
His work at Westinghouse culminated in the invention of active matrix technology, using a CdSe TFT to drive each individual pixel of a flat panel display.

Liquid-crystal display

LCDliquid crystal displayLCD screen
Volatile displays require that pixels be periodically electronically refreshed to retain their state (e.g., liquid-crystal displays (LCD)).
A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display or other electronically modulated optical device that uses the light-modulating properties of liquid crystals combined with polarizers.

Flexible display

flexiblecurvedflexible displays
A flexible display is an electronic visual display which is flexible in nature; as opposed to the more prevalent traditional flat screen displays used in most electronics devices.

List of flat panel display manufacturers

List of liquid-crystal-display manufacturers
Flat panel displays are thin panels of glass or plastic used for electronically displaying text, images, or video.

Display motion blur

HDTV blurFactors causing HDTV Blur.strobing backlight
Display motion blur, also called HDTV blur and LCD motion blur, refers to several visual artifacts (anomalies or unintended effects affecting still or moving images) that are frequently found on modern consumer high-definition television sets and flat panel displays for computers.

LED-backlit LCD

LED TVLED-backlitLED backlighting
In 2004, the Sony Qualia 005 was the first LED-backlit LCD display.
A LED-backlit LCD is a flat panel display that uses LED backlighting instead of cold cathode fluorescent (CCFL) backlighting.

Quantum dot display

QLEDdisplayQD color filters
QD-LED displays could support large, flexible displays and would not degrade as readily as OLEDs, making them good candidates for flat-panel TV screens, digital cameras, mobile phones and handheld game consoles.

MicroLED

Micro LEDmicoLEDMicro-LED
microLED, also known as micro-LED, mLED or µLED, is an emerging flat-panel display technology.