Flavius Aetius

AetiusAëtiusEzioFlavius Aëtius
Flavius Aetius (Flavius Aetius ; 391–454), dux et patricius, commonly called simply Aetius or Aëtius, was a Roman general of the closing period of the Western Roman Empire.wikipedia
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Battle of the Catalaunian Plains

Battle of ChâlonsCatalaunian PlainsBattle of Chalons
Notably, he mustered a large Roman and allied (foederati) army to stop the Huns in the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains, ending the devastating Hunnic invasion of Attila in 451.
The Battle of the Catalaunian Plains (or Fields), also called the Battle of the Campus Mauriacus, Battle of Châlons, Battle of Troyes or the Battle of Maurica, took place on June 20, 451 AD, between a coalition led by the Roman general Flavius Aetius and the Visigothic king Theodoric I against the Huns and their vassals commanded by their king Attila.

Silistra

DrastarDorostolonDurostorum
Aetius was born at Durostorum in Moesia Secunda (modern Silistra, Bulgaria), around 391.
The Roman general Flavius Aëtius was born in the town in 396.

Flavius Gaudentius

Gaudentius
His father, Flavius Gaudentius, was a Roman general and described as a native of the Roman province of Scythia, although some have interpreted this as a topos and used to describe a Gothic origin.
Flavius Gaudentius (or simply Gaudentius) (died 425 AD) was the father of the Roman magister militum Flavius Aetius and married to an Italian noblewoman.

Gaudentius (son of Aëtius)

Gaudentius
Later he married Pelagia, widow of Bonifacius, from whom he had a son, Gaudentius.
Gaudentius (c. 440 in Rome – after 455) was the son of Flavius Aetius.

Bonifacius

Count BonifaceBonifatiusBoniface
Later he married Pelagia, widow of Bonifacius, from whom he had a son, Gaudentius.
An ally of Galla Placidia (regent of Valentinian III), Bonifacius engaged in Roman civil wars on her behalf against the generals Flavius Felix in 427-429 and Flavius Aetius in 432.

Huns

HunnicHunHunnic Empire
Notably, he mustered a large Roman and allied (foederati) army to stop the Huns in the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains, ending the devastating Hunnic invasion of Attila in 451. In 436, the Burgundians of King Gundacar were defeated and obliged to accept peace by Aetius and Avitus; however, the following year he sent Hunnic foederati to destroy them.
In 433 some parts of Pannonia were ceded to them by Flavius Aetius, the magister militum of the Western Roman Empire.

Attila

Attila the HunEtzelAtli
Notably, he mustered a large Roman and allied (foederati) army to stop the Huns in the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains, ending the devastating Hunnic invasion of Attila in 451.
It was Aëtius, later Patrician of the West, who managed this operation.

Valentinian III

ValentinianEmperor Valentinian IIIPlacidus Valentinianus Caesar
It is possible that he had also a daughter, whose husband, Thraustila, avenged Aetius' death by killing emperor Valentinian III.
In 425, the court at Ravenna negotiated with the Huns who had accompanied Flavius Aëtius to Italy in support of Joannes.

Foederati

foedusfederatesfoederatus
Notably, he mustered a large Roman and allied (foederati) army to stop the Huns in the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains, ending the devastating Hunnic invasion of Attila in 451.
In 423, the general Flavius Aetius entered the service of the usurper Joannes as cura palatii and was sent by Joannes to ask the Huns for assistance.

Felix (consul 428)

Flavius FelixFelixFlavius Constantius Felix
In 429 he was elevated to the rank of magister militum; this was probably the iunior of the two offices of comes et magister utriusque militiae, as the senior is known to have been the patrician Flavius Constantinus Felix, the most influential man in those years, and a supporter of Galla Placidia.
Flavius (Constantinus) Felix (died 430) was a general of the Western Roman Empire, who reached the prominent rank of patrician before being killed by order of Flavius Aetius.

Western Roman Empire

Western EmpireWesternWest
Flavius Aetius (Flavius Aetius ; 391–454), dux et patricius, commonly called simply Aetius or Aëtius, was a Roman general of the closing period of the Western Roman Empire.
Joannes' "rule" was short and the forces of the East defeated and executed him in 425.After a violent struggle with several rivals, and against Placidia's wish, Aetius rose to the rank of magister militum.

Theodoric I

TheodoricTheodericusTheodoric I of the Ostrogoths
At that time Arelate, an important city in Narbonensis near the mouth of the Rhone, was under siege from the Visigoths, led by their king Theodoric I.
Theodoric used this situation and tried to capture the important road junction Arelate, but the Magister militum Aëtius, who was assisted by the Huns, was able to save the city.

Gunther

GunnarGunnarrGundahar
In 436, the Burgundians of King Gundacar were defeated and obliged to accept peace by Aetius and Avitus; however, the following year he sent Hunnic foederati to destroy them.
He was defeated by the Roman general Flavius Aetius, who destroyed Gundahar's kingdom with the help of Hunnish mercenaries the following year, resulting in Gundahar's death.

Magister militum

magistri militummagister peditummagister militum per Orientem
He sent back his army of Huns and in return obtained the rank of comes et magister militum per Gallias, the commander in chief of the Roman army in Gaul.
This powerful office was often the power behind the throne and was held by Stilicho, Flavius Aetius, Ricimer, and others.

Battle of Rimini (432)

Battle of RavennaBattle of RiminiCivil war
Aetius, believing his fall now imminent, marched against Bonifacius and fought him at the Battle of Rimini.
The Battle of Rimini was fought in 432 between the two strong men of the Western Roman Empire, the very recently deposed Magister Utriusque Militiae Flavius Aetius and the newly appointed Magister Utriusque Militiae Bonifatius (Bonifacius or Boniface).

Franks

FrankishFrankFrankish kingdom
Aetius then defeated the Franks, recapturing Tournacum and Cambriacum.
Jordanes, in Getica mentions the Riparii as auxiliaries of Flavius Aetius during the Battle of Châlons in 451: "Hi enim affuerunt auxiliares: Franci, Sarmatae, Armoriciani, Liticiani, Burgundiones, Saxones, Riparii, Olibriones ..."

Sebastianus (magister militum)

Sebastianus
Aetius then had Bonifacius' son-in-law, Sebastianus, who had succeeded Bonifacius as magister militum, exiled from Italy to Constantinople, bought the properties of Bonifacius, and married his widow Pelagia.
The elevation of Bonifacius disturbed another influential general of the empire, the magister militum praesentalis Flavius Aetius, who had fought and won several campaigns in Gaul; fearing that the promotion of Bonifacius to such an elevated rank (Aetius was not a patrician) would have brought his own dismissal, Aetius took the initiative and attacked Bonifacius, who won the Battle of Ravenna (432) but died from the wounds received.

Joannes

Joannes AugustusJohn
The most influential man in the West, Castinus, chose as his successor Joannes, a high-ranking officer.
Late in 424, he gave to one of his younger and most promising followers, Aëtius, an important mission.

Patrician (ancient Rome)

patricianpatrikiospatricians
In 429 he was elevated to the rank of magister militum; this was probably the iunior of the two offices of comes et magister utriusque militiae, as the senior is known to have been the patrician Flavius Constantinus Felix, the most influential man in those years, and a supporter of Galla Placidia. Flavius Aetius (Flavius Aetius ; 391–454), dux et patricius, commonly called simply Aetius or Aëtius, was a Roman general of the closing period of the Western Roman Empire.
In the Western Roman Empire, the title was sparingly used and retained its high prestige, being awarded, especially in the 5th century, to the powerful magistri militum who dominated the state, such as Stilicho, Constantius III, Flavius Aetius, Comes Bonifacius, and Ricimer.

Hydatius

Chronicle of HydatiusIdaciusIdatius
In 431 he returned to Gaul, where he received Hydatius, bishop of Aquae Flaviae, who complained about the attacks of the Suebes.
In this context, Hydatius took part in a deputation of the year 431 requesting assistance in dealing with the Suevi from the general Flavius Aëtius, the most important representative of the imperial government in the West.

Visigoths

VisigothicVisigothGothic
At that time Arelate, an important city in Narbonensis near the mouth of the Rhone, was under siege from the Visigoths, led by their king Theodoric I. Between 405 and 408 he was kept as hostage at the court of Alaric I, king of the Visigoths.
That Visigothic settlement proved paramount to Europe's future as had it not been for the Visigothic warriors who fought side-by-side with the Roman troops under general Flavius Aetius, it is perhaps possible that Attila would have seized control of Gaul, rather than the Romans being able to retain dominance.

Galla Placidia

PlacidiaAelia Galla PlacidiaEmpress Galla Placidia
In 429 he was elevated to the rank of magister militum; this was probably the iunior of the two offices of comes et magister utriusque militiae, as the senior is known to have been the patrician Flavius Constantinus Felix, the most influential man in those years, and a supporter of Galla Placidia. Shortly afterwards, Aetius returned to Italy with a large force of Huns to find that power in the west was now in the hands of Valentinian III and his mother Galla Placidia.
Among their supporters was Flavius Aetius.

Litorius

That same year Aetius was probably in Armorica with Litorius to suppress a rebellion of the Bacaudae under a certain Tibatto.
Litorius (died 439) was a Roman general of the closing period of the Western Roman Empire serving as Magister militum per Gallias from 435 until his death mainly in Gaul under magister militum Flavius Aetius.

Merovech

MarwigMerewingMerovaeus
In 449 Chlodio died, and the patricius supported his younger son Merovaeus's claim to the throne.
He is proposed to be one of several barbarian warlords and kings that joined forces with the Roman general Aetius against the Huns under Attila at the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains in Gaul.

Merobaudes (poet)

Flavius MerobaudesMerobaudes
On his return to Italy, he was honoured by a statue erected by the Senate and the People of Rome by order of the Emperor; this was probably the occasion for the panegyric written by Merobaudes.
He was the official laureate of Valentinian III and Aetius.