Fleet Prison

Fleetthe Fleetbelowdebtors' prisonFleet debtors' prisonLiberty of the FleetWarden of the Fleet Prison
Fleet Prison was a notorious London prison by the side of the River Fleet.wikipedia
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Fleet Marriage

Clandestine Marriageclandestine marriages clandestine marriage
From 1613 on, there were also many clandestine Fleet Marriages.
Specifically, it was one which took place in London's Fleet Prison or its environs during the 17th and, especially, the early 18th century.

River Fleet

FleetFleet RiverFleet Ditch
Fleet Prison was a notorious London prison by the side of the River Fleet.
The area came to be characterised by poor-quality housing and prisons: Bridewell Palace itself was converted into a prison; Newgate, Fleet and Ludgate prisons were all built in that area.


Marshalsea PrisonWhite Lion prisonMarshalsea Debtors' Prison
Like the Marshalsea prison, it was divided into a restrictive and arduous common side and a more open master's side, where rent had to be paid. In 1842, in pursuance of an Act of Parliament, by which inmates of the Marshalsea, Fleet and Queen's Bench prisons were relocated to the Queen's Prison (as the Queen's Bench Prison was renamed), it was finally closed, and in 1844 sold to the Corporation of the City of London, by whom it was pulled down in 1846.
When the Fleet Prison closed in 1842, two debtors were found to have been there for 30 years.

Newgate Prison

NewgateNewgate GaolNewgate Jail
He was committed to Newgate Prison, and an act was passed to prevent his enjoying the office of warden.

Peasants' Revolt

Peasants RevoltEnglish peasants' revolt of 1381Peasants' Revolt of 1381
In 1381, during the Peasants' Revolt, it was deliberately destroyed by Wat Tyler's men.
The Fleet and Newgate Prisons were attacked by the crowds, and the rebels also targeted houses belonging to Flemish immigrants.

Thomas Bambridge

One purchaser of the office, Thomas Bambridge, who became warden in 1728, was of particularly evil repute.
Thomas Bambridge (died 1741) was a British attorney who became a notorious warden of the Fleet Prison in London.

King's Bench Prison

King's BenchQueen's Bench Prisonrules of the King's Bench
In 1842, in pursuance of an Act of Parliament, by which inmates of the Marshalsea, Fleet and Queen's Bench prisons were relocated to the Queen's Prison (as the Queen's Bench Prison was renamed), it was finally closed, and in 1844 sold to the Corporation of the City of London, by whom it was pulled down in 1846.
In 1842 it became the Queen's Prison taking debtors from the Marshalsea and Fleet Prisons and sending lunatics to Bedlam.

John Donne

DonneJonathan DunneAnn More
In 1601, the poet John Donne was imprisoned until it was proven that his wedding to Anne Donne (née More) was legal and valid.
Upon discovery, this wedding ruined Donne's career, getting him dismissed and put in Fleet Prison, along with the Church of England priest Samuel Brooke, who married them, and the man who acted as a witness to the wedding.

Ludgate Hill railway station

Ludgate Hill stationLudgate HillLudgate station
After lying empty for 17 years the site was sold to the London, Chatham and Dover Railway and became the site of their new Ludgate station.
It was situated on Ludgate Viaduct (a railway viaduct) between Queen Victoria Street and Ludgate Hill, slightly north of St. Paul's station (now called Blackfriars station) on the site of the former Fleet Prison.

John Cleland

ClelandJ. Cleland
In 1748, Cleland was arrested for an £840 debt (equivalent to a purchasing power of about £100,000 in 2005) and committed to Fleet Prison, where he remained for over a year.

Gordon Riots

Protestant AssociationGordon riotersNo Popery
During the Gordon Riots in 1780 Fleet Prison was again destroyed and rebuilt in 1781–1782.
Severe destruction was inflicted on Catholic churches and homes and chapels on the grounds of several embassies, as well as on New Prison, Fleet Prison, and the house of the Lord Chief Justice, William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield.

William Hogarth

HogarthHogarthianHogarth, William
Around the same time, his father, who had opened an unsuccessful Latin-speaking coffee house at St John's Gate, was imprisoned for debt in the Fleet Prison for five years.

Debtors' prison

debtor's prisondebtors prisonimprisonment for debt
It came into particular prominence from being used as a place of reception for persons committed by the Star Chamber, and, afterwards, as a debtor's prison and for persons imprisoned for contempt of court by the Court of Chancery.
With a little money, a debtor could pay for some freedoms; some prisons allowed inmates to conduct business and to receive visitors; others (including the Fleet and King's Bench Prisons) even allowed inmates to live a short distance outside the prison—a practice known as the 'Liberty of the Rules'—and the Fleet even tolerated clandestine 'Fleet Marriages'.

Fleet Market

The boundary of the Liberties of the Fleet included the north side of Ludgate Hill, the Old Bailey to Fleet Lane and along it until the Fleet Market, and ran alongside the prison to Ludgate Hill.
The centre was marked by a clock tower; and the south was adjacent to the Fleet Prison.

William Paget (actor)

William Paget
Toward the end of his life he served time in Fleet Prison before agreeing to participate in the establishment of Halifax, Nova Scotia, dying there in 1752.

Liberty (division)

libertylibertiesGreat Liberty
But prisoners did not necessarily have to live within Fleet Prison itself; as long as they paid the keeper to compensate him for loss of earnings, they could take lodgings within a particular area outside the prison walls called the "Liberty of the Fleet" or the "Rules of the Fleet".
Examples include the Liberty of the Fleet in the City, and the Rules of the Bench in Southwark.

Richard Onslow (Solicitor General)

Richard Onslow
Onslow entered the Inner Temple in 1545, from which he was briefly expelled in 1556 with several other members for involvement in an affray but was readmitted after an apology and a spell in the Fleet Prison and was a Bencher (giving power to call graduates to the bar) in 1559, and Governor from 1564 to 1566.

Inner Temple

Honourable Society of the Inner TempleInnerInner Temple Hall
John Stow wrote that, after breaking into Fleet Prison, the rebels:

Samuel Pickwick

Mr. PickwickMr PickwickPickwick
The height of his development occurs at the Fleet Prison where, as the result of a breach of promise suit against his landlady, Mrs. Bardell, he is imprisoned for refusing to pay her damages and costs.

John Jones of Gellilyfdy

John JonesJohn Jones, Gellilyfdy
In 1612 Jones was at Cardiff transcribing the Book of Llandaff, but by 1617 was in the Fleet Prison: he was also imprisoned at Chester and Ludlow at various times.

The Pickwick Papers

Pickwick PapersPickwickThe Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club
Another is Mr Pickwick's incarceration at Fleet Prison for his stubborn refusal to pay the compensation to her — because he doesn't want to give a penny to Mrs Bardell's lawyers, the unscrupulous firm of Messrs.

George Thomson (physician)

George Thomson
Thomson was born around 1619, and served under Prince Maurice in the English Civil War; he was taken prisoner by the parliamentarians at Newbury in 1644 and spent a period in Fleet prison in London.

Sir Richard Grosvenor, 1st Baronet

Sir Richard GrosvenorRichard Grosvenor
Grosvenor stood surety for the debts of his son-in-law, Peter Daniell, but in 1629 Daniell defaulted on his debts, and for almost ten years Grosvenor was incarcerated in the Fleet Prison.

Francis Tregian the Younger

Francis TregianTregian
By 1608–09 he was imprisoned Fleet Prison in London.