Flight training

A Canadian aeroplane flight instructor (left) and her student, next to a Cessna 172 with which they have just completed a lesson.
Level D simulator used for Type Conversions

Course of study used when learning to pilot an aircraft.

- Flight training

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RAF Upavon

Former RAF station in Wiltshire, England.

The airfield at former RAF Upavon during 2007.
Central Flying School staff taken at Upavon, January 1913
Trenchard in the uniform of the Royal Flying Corps
A French Farman MF.7 biplane of No.2 Sqn Royal Flying Corps
Captured Fokker E.III 210/16 being flown at Upavon, Wiltshire in 1916

It was a grass airfield, military flight training school, and administrative headquarters of the Royal Air Force.

Aircraft pilot

Person who controls the flight of an aircraft by operating its directional flight controls.

U.S. Army Air Forces test pilot Lt. F.W. "Mike" Hunter wearing a flight suit in October 1942
Hot air balloon pilot and passenger in basket
Pilots landing a Boeing 777
A U.S. Air Force F-16 pilot in flight
A United States Air Force RPA pilot.
Picture of astronaut going through pilot training exercise.
Military aviation training in a Royal Air Force Nimrod aircraft

Pilots are required to go through many hours of flight training and theoretical study, that differ depending on the country.

Central Flying School

Royal Air Force's primary institution for the training of military flying instructors.

Badge of the Central Flying School
CFS Folland Gnat advanced trainer at RAF Little Rissington, 1967
CFS Gloster Meteor T.7 at RAF Coltishall, 1969
Prefect T1 used by UKMFTS
T6 Texan-II, used under the UKMFTS contract.
Phenom 100 used under the UKMFTS contract.
Grob Tutor
Central Flying School staff in January 1913

Established in 1912 at the Upavon Aerodrome, it is the longest existing flying training school.

Flight simulator

Device that artificially re-creates aircraft flight and the environment in which it flies, for pilot training, design, or other purposes.

F/A-18 Hornet flight simulator aboard the USS Independence (CV-62) aircraft carrier
Link Trainer patent drawing, 1930
Military Personnel Using Link Trainer, Pepperell Manufacturing Co., 1943
Cockpit of a twinjet flight simulator.
Full flight simulator of a Boeing 737
Stewart platform

Flight simulation is used for a variety of reasons, including flight training (mainly of pilots), the design and development of the aircraft itself, and research into aircraft characteristics and control handling qualities.

Kent State University

Public research university in Kent, Ohio.

Front of Merrill Hall, completed in 1913 as the first building on campus.
Kuumba House in 1969.
The May 4 Memorial commemorating the Kent State shootings.
Kent State University Library via Esplanade, which extends from College Towers Apartments to the downtown area of Kent.
The original Gateway Arch on the Kent Campus, which has since been replaced.
A black squirrel on the Kent Campus.
Map of KSU campuses and facilities in Northeast Ohio.
Kent State University at Stark
Palazzo Vettori, home to the KSU Florence facility in Italy.
KSU Honors College Complex
College of Architecture and Environmental Design.
The Kent Student Center houses many of the student organizations and activities.
Eastway Center, a dining hall, at night.
Centennial Court B, a co-ed dormitory.
Dix Stadium in 2012, home of the Kent State Golden Flashes football team.
Steve Stone, Cy Young Award winner.

In 2008, the university began offering a flight training certificate program through an affiliation with Premier Flight Academy in Akron.

Stockholm Bromma Airport

Swedish domestic and minor international airport in Stockholm.

Control tower
The apron in the 1970s
Tram stop at Bromma Airport

Bromma became the domain of business jets, general aviation and flight schools in addition to government use.


City in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 547,627 in 2018.

Manchester Cathedral, a grade I listed building which is the Anglican cathedral and parish church of Manchester and the mother church of the Diocese of Manchester
Cotton mills in Ancoats about 1820
The Peterloo massacre of 1819 resulted in 15 deaths and several hundred injured
An oil painting of Oxford Road, Manchester in 1910 by Valette
Corporation Street after the Manchester bombing on 15 June 1996. There were no fatalities, but it was one of the most expensive man-made disasters. A large rebuilding project of Manchester ensued.
Oxford Road, one of the main thoroughfares into Manchester city centre
Manchester Town Hall in Albert Square, seat of local government, is an example of Victorian era Gothic revival architecture
The City of Manchester. The land use is overwhelmingly urban
The population of Manchester shown with other boroughs in the Greater Manchester county from 1801 to 2011
The Great Jackson Street skyscraper district under construction in Central Manchester
Neo-baroque Lancaster House. Manchester is known for opulent warehouses from the city's textile trade.
Map of tram lines, railways and main bus routes in Greater Manchester
Manchester Piccadilly railway station, the busiest of the four major railway stations in the Manchester station group with over 32 million passengers using the station in 2019/20.
Manchester Metrolink is the largest tram system in the UK, with a total route length of 57 mi.
Free buses operate on three Manchester Metroshuttle routes around Manchester city centre
The Gallagher brothers of Oasis
The Manchester Arena, the city's premier indoor multi-use venue and one of the largest purpose-built arenas in Europe
The Opera House, one of Manchester's largest theatre venues
Manchester Art Gallery
The Science and Industry Museum
Gaskell House, where Mrs Gaskell wrote most of her novels. The house is now a museum.
Canal Street, one of Manchester's liveliest nightspots, part of the city's gay village
Whitworth Hall at the University of Manchester. With approximately 44,000 students, it is the second largest university in the UK in terms of enrolment.
The Etihad Stadium is home to Premier League club Manchester City FC and host stadium for the 2002 Commonwealth Games
The 1930s Daily Express Building, Manchester, a remnant of Britain's "second Fleet Street"
Granada Studios, the former headquarters of Granada Television

It also has a flight school, and both the Greater Manchester Police Air Support Unit and the North West Air Ambulance have helicopters based there.

Heinkel He 162

German single-engine, jet-powered fighter aircraft fielded by the Luftwaffe in World War II.

He 162A Spatz, WkNr. 120230 during post-war trials, USA.
He 162 120077, surrendered to the British at Leck, pictured at Freeman Field, Indiana, 1945
He 162 tail section.
The Hinterbrühl underground production line for the He 162A was captured in April 1945
Captured He 162
Captured He 162 120230 in France, brought to the US by Operation Lusty
He 162A 3-view
Wk. Nr. 120227, RAF Museum, London
Wk. Nr. 120235, Imperial War Museum, London (now moved to Duxford)
Wk. Nr. 120086, Canada Aviation and Space Museum, Ottawa

Both a standard-fuselage length, unarmed BMW 003E-powered two-seat version (with the rear pilot's seat planned to have a ventral access hatch to access the cockpit) and an unpowered two-seat glider version, designated the He 162S (Schulen), were developed for training purposes.

Louis Blériot

French aviator, inventor, and engineer.

Blériot c. 1911
The Blériot V canard monoplane, built in January 1907
The first Blériot XI in early 1909
Starting the engine, 25 July 1909
The scene shortly after Blériot's arrival
Caricature of Louis Blériot by Sem (1910)

Before World War I, Blériot had opened British flying schools at Brooklands, in Surrey and at Hendon Aerodrome.

Messerschmitt Me 262

German fighter aircraft and fighter-bomber that was the world's first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft.

Messerschmitt Me 262 A-1a late production model
Hans Guido Mutke's Me 262 A-1a/R7 on display at the Deutsches Museum
Silhouette of the V3 prototype – V1 through V4 similar. Note retracting conventional tail wheel gear
Me 262 cockpit
Me 262 A in 1945
Me 262 A-1a on display at RAF Cosford. Some A-1a aircraft (including this example), like the A-2a bomber variant, attached additional hardpoints for extra weapons near the ejector chutes of the cannons, such as a bomb rack under each side of the nose.
Me 262B-1a/U1 night fighter, Wrknr. 110306, with FuG 218 Neptun antennae in the nose and second seat for a radar operator. This airframe was surrendered to the RAF at Schleswig in May 1945 and taken to the UK for testing.
This 15th Air Force Boeing B-17G Flying Fortress of the 815th Bombardment Squadron was lost on the mission to Ruhland, Germany on 22 March 1945. Damaged by flak, it was finished off by an Me 262. Eight of the crew survived as POWs.
The other main USAAF bomber was the B-24 Liberator. This aircraft "Do Bunny" was shot down by an Me 262 on 25 March 1945 over Soltau, Germany.
Mock-up of an Me 262A-1a/R7 with R4M underwing rocket racks on display at the Technikmuseum Speyer, Germany
This airframe, Wrknr. 111711, was the first Me 262 to come into Allied hands when its German test pilot defected on 31 March 1945. The aircraft was then shipped to the United States for testing.
January 1945 Me-262 being shot down. Note jettisoned canopy and empty cockpit. As seen from USAAF P-51 Mustang gun camera
Scale model of one of the Me 262 HG III versions at the Technikmuseum Speyer
Underground manufacture of Me 262s
Reproduction of a Messerschmitt Me 262 (A-1c) at the Berlin Air Show 2006
Avia S-92, Kbely Museum, Prague, 2012
Me 262 (A-1c) replica of (A1-a), Berlin Air Show, 2006
Collings Foundation's replica Me 262 B-1a, Marana, Arizona., 2013
Me-262 variants
Me 262A-2a (Black X), Australia, 2012
Me 262B-1a/U1 (Red 8), South Africa, 2008
Me 262 B-1a (White 35), at Willow Grove, Pa., in 2007; relocated to and on display in Pensacola, Florida
Me 262A and its Junkers Jumo 004 turbojet engine (Yellow 5), NMUSAF-Dayton, 2007
3-view drawing of the Messerschmitt Me 262

The Kommando was then withdrawn for further flight training and a revision of combat tactics to optimise the Me 262's strengths.