Florida East Coast Railway

Three GP40-2s lead a southbound train through Lake Worth, FL.
Three GP40-2s lead a southbound train through Lake Worth, FL.
An FEC train led by a pair of ES44C4 locomotives in 2015
The Florida East Coast Railway depot in Sebastian. The structure was built in 1893.
A 1913 print advertisement extols the many advantages of traveling on the Florida East Coast Railway, the "New Route to the Panama Canal".
en route to Key West
First Florida East Coast Railway train arriving in Key West
Trains such as the Florida Special helped make the state the tourist destination it is today.
Old office buildings in St. Augustine
Florida East Coast Railway #1594 at Gold Coast Railroad Museum
Produce being loaded into FEC refrigerated cars in the 1950s
FEC202-02 with 101 & Champion 714.
FEC920-06 (local) with 415 on lead.
FEC #446, an EMD GP40-3
Historical marker
Historical marker
FEC Railway crossing at Maytown, Florida

Class II railroad operating in the U.S. state of Florida, currently owned by Grupo México.

- Florida East Coast Railway
Three GP40-2s lead a southbound train through Lake Worth, FL.

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Class I railroads in North America in 2006

Railroad classes

In the United States, railroad carriers are designated as Class I, II, or III, according to annual revenue criteria originally set by the Surface Transportation Board in 1992.

In the United States, railroad carriers are designated as Class I, II, or III, according to annual revenue criteria originally set by the Surface Transportation Board in 1992.

Class I railroads in North America in 2006
The Buckingham Branch Railroad is a typical example of a Class III shortline in Virginia

The Class II maximum criterion was increased in 1992 to $250 million annually, which resulted in the Florida East Coast Railway having its status changed to Class II.

John D. Rockefeller c. 1872, shortly after founding Standard Oil

Standard Oil

American oil production, transportation, refining, and marketing company that operated from 1870 to 1911.

American oil production, transportation, refining, and marketing company that operated from 1870 to 1911.

John D. Rockefeller c. 1872, shortly after founding Standard Oil
Standard Oil Articles of Incorporation signed by John D. Rockefeller, Henry M. Flagler, Samuel Andrews, Stephen V. Harkness, and William Rockefeller
Share of the Standard Oil Company, issued May 1, 1878
Share of the Standard Oil Trust, issued January 18, 1883
Standard Oil Refinery No. 1 in Cleveland, Ohio, 1897
Financials
U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt depicted as the infant Hercules grappling with Standard Oil in a 1906 Puck magazine cartoon by Frank A. Nankivell
John D. Rockefeller sitting in the witness stand and testifying before Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis, July 6, 1907
This map shows by state which company has the rights to the Standard Oil name. ExxonMobil has full international rights and continues to use the Esso name overseas. States that are gray have a dot representing their owners, but are not actively being used; ExxonMobil operates in all these states and have de facto claimed the trademark.
One of 15 Chevron stations branded as "Standard" to protect Chevron's trademark; this one is in Las Vegas, Nevada.
A combination gasoline/diesel pump at an Exxon in Zelienople, Pennsylvania selling Exxon gasoline and "Esso Diesel".
BP station with "torch and oval" Standard sign in Durand, Michigan.
BP continues to sell marine fuel under the Sohio brand at various marinas on Ohio waterways and in Ohio state parks in order to protect its rights in the Sohio and Standard Oil names. The Anderson Ferry Marina near Cincinnati, Ohio is pictured.
Station signage at an Exxon station in Columbus, Ohio featuring the Esso logo, while BP owns the rights to the Standard Oil name in Ohio.

Other notable principals of the company include Henry Flagler, developer of the Florida East Coast Railway and resort cities, and Henry H. Rogers, who built the Virginian Railway.

SR 4A, former designation for the Overseas Highway

Overseas Highway

113 mi highway carrying U.S. Route 1 through the Florida Keys to Key West.

113 mi highway carrying U.S. Route 1 through the Florida Keys to Key West.

SR 4A, former designation for the Overseas Highway
Construction of the original highway next to Matecumbe railroad station
Eight bridge piers that would have carried the original alignment of the Overseas Highway which can be seen at Mile Marker 73. They serve as a memorial to the veterans who were killed in the Labor Day Hurricane of 1935.
Many of the railroad bridges, such as the Bahia Honda Rail Bridge, were retrofitted to accommodate automobile traffic for the Overseas Highway. These bridges were replaced by more modern bridges in the early 1980s.
The beginning of U.S. 1 in March 1951; U.S. 1 has since been extended to the Monroe County Courthouse in downtown Key West
Seven Mile Bridge, the longest bridge on the Overseas Highway. The original span crosses over Pigeon Key.

Large parts of it were built on the former right-of-way of the Overseas Railroad, the Key West Extension of the Florida East Coast Railway.

Florida East Coast Railway Key West Extension express train at sea crossing Long Key Viaduct

Overseas Railroad

Florida East Coast Railway Key West Extension express train at sea crossing Long Key Viaduct
Bahia Honda Bridge
First Florida East Coast Railway train arriving in Key West
Florida ECR train in 1912
Florida ECR train in a storm in 1912
Florida ECR train in 1928
Henry Flagler's train with his private car "Rambler" returning from Key West, Florida on the Overseas Railroad
Overseas Railroad bridge west of Bahia Honda Key, 2006. The bridge has been severed to prevent pedestrian access.
Florida Overseas Railroad map, 1915
Arrival of the first train at Key West, January 22, 1912.

The Overseas Railroad (also known as Florida Overseas Railroad, the Overseas Extension, and Flagler's Folly) was an extension of the Florida East Coast Railway to Key West, a city located 128 mi beyond the end of the Florida peninsula.

Brightline train at station in December 2017

Brightline

Brightline train at station in December 2017
Brightline train at station in December 2017
Former All Aboard Florida logo
Construction on MiamiCentral in 2015
Brightline train route map (interactive map)
Schematic of rapid transit and passenger rail service in the Miami metropolitan area in 2017. It is unknown when the Tri-Rail Downtown Miami Link is scheduled to be operational.
MiamiCentral station entrance in 2018
Brightline Fort Lauderdale station
West Palm Beach station

Brightline is a privately run inter-city rail route between Miami and West Palm Beach, Florida that runs on track owned by Florida East Coast Railway.

Portrait of Henry Flagler

Henry Flagler

American industrialist and a founder of Standard Oil, which was first based in Ohio.

American industrialist and a founder of Standard Oil, which was first based in Ohio.

Portrait of Henry Flagler
Henry Flagler, c. 1882
Flagler’s Gingerbread house in Bellevue, Ohio
Share of the Standard Oil Company signed by John D. Rockefeller and Henry Flagler
Standard Oil Articles of Incorporation signed by John D. Rockefeller, Henry M. Flagler, Samuel Andrews, Stephen V. Harkness, and William Rockefeller
Henry Flagler's steam yacht Alicia, 160' long at the waterline, custom built in 1890 by Harlan and Hollingsworth of Wilmington, Delaware.
Florida East Coast Railway (FECR}, Key West Extension, express train at sea, crossing Long Key Viaduct, Florida. photo from Florida Photographic Collection
Ponce de Leon Hotel - now Flagler College
Whitehall (Now Flagler Museum)
Statue of Henry Flagler that stands in front of Flagler College (Flagler's former Ponce de León Hotel) in Saint Augustine, Florida.

He was also a key figure in the development of the Atlantic coast of Florida and founder of the Florida East Coast Railway, much of which he built through convict leasing.

Weather Bureau surface weather map of the hurricane moving up the west coast of Florida

1935 Labor Day hurricane

The most intense Atlantic hurricane to make landfall on record in terms of pressure, and tied with Hurricane Dorian in 2019 for the strongest landfalling Atlantic hurricane by maximum sustained winds, with winds of 185 mph (295 km/h).

The most intense Atlantic hurricane to make landfall on record in terms of pressure, and tied with Hurricane Dorian in 2019 for the strongest landfalling Atlantic hurricane by maximum sustained winds, with winds of 185 mph (295 km/h).

Weather Bureau surface weather map of the hurricane moving up the west coast of Florida
Florida East Coast Railway Overseas Railroad relief train derailed near Islamorada
Destruction of the Caribee Colony
Church destroyed at Islamorada
Veterans Storm Relief Map
Collection of hurricane victims
Sept. 7, 1935, Cremation of hurricane victims, Snake Creek
"An Act of God", by Russell T. Limbach
Sep. 8, 1935, Mass burial at Woodlawn Park Cemetery
Letter
Dedication of Florida Keys Memorial, Nov. 14, 1937
Relief and dedication
Hurricane Monument, Woodlawn Park North Cemetery, Miami, FL, on site of mass grave

Portions of the Key West Extension of the Florida East Coast Railway were severely damaged or destroyed.

Ormond Beach, Florida

City in Central Florida in Volusia County.

City in Central Florida in Volusia County.

Village Street c. 1908
Granada Bridge in 2006
Tomoka River c. 1905
Royal Arch Oak in c. 1905
Ormond Hotel in c. 1905
Orange Grove in c. 1905
Bostrom Oaks in c. 1908

It would be one in a series of Gilded Age hotels catering to passengers aboard his Florida East Coast Railway, which had purchased the St. Johns & Halifax Railroad.

West Palm Beach, Florida

City in and the county seat of Palm Beach County, Florida, United States.

City in and the county seat of Palm Beach County, Florida, United States.

Old city hall and jail
West Palm Beach in the 1880s
West Palm Beach in the 1960s
West Palm Beach skyline in 2010
The Grassy Waters Preserve
West Palm Beach skyline from the north
Clematis Street
Comeau Building, Clematis Street
West Palm Beach City Hall
Original Palm Beach Junior College building
Palm Beach Atlantic University lies along the Intracoastal Waterway Lake Worth Lagoon
The exterior of the Raymond F. Kravis Center for the Performing Arts
Richard and Pat Johnson Palm Beach County History Museum
Harriet Himmel Theater
SunFest is Florida's largest waterfront music festival
I-95/PBIA Interchange, Downtown WPB in background
The historic Seaboard Air Line Station serves both Amtrak and Tri-Rail
The Water Taxi is means of transportation in West Palm Beach

Originally, Flagler intended for his Florida East Coast Railway to have its terminus in West Palm, but after the area experienced a deep freeze, he chose to extend the railroad to Miami instead.

Daytona Beach, Florida

City of about 73,000 residents in Central Florida on its Atlantic coast.

City of about 73,000 residents in Central Florida on its Atlantic coast.

A palisaded Timucua village
Daytona Beach
Daytona Beach, "beachside" on left (east) of the Halifax River, mainland on right (west)
Hurricane Charley crossed Florida and left land near Daytona Beach on August 13, 2004.
Museum of Arts and Sciences
Driving on the packed sand at Daytona Beach
The start of the 2015 Daytona 500 at Daytona International Speedway
Daytona Beach Golf Course, South Course
Daytona Beach looking north from the pier
The life-sized Wright Flyer statue is located at the Daytona Beach campus of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University.
Aerial view of Daytona Beach International Airport.
The Volusia County Parking Garage in Daytona Beach provides a place for visitors to park and walk around.
Daytona Beach railroad station, ca. 1926
Tarragona Arch
The beach in Daytona Beach near the border with Ormond Beach
Veterans Memorial Bridge
Broadway Bridge
Main Street Bridge
Seabreeze Bridge

The line would be purchased in 1889 by Henry M. Flagler, who made it part of his Florida East Coast Railway.