Florida Education Association

Florida
The Florida Education Association (FEA) is a statewide federation of teacher and education workers' labor unions in the state of Florida in the United States.wikipedia
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National Education Association

NEANational Educational AssociationIllinois Education Association
It is a merged affiliate of the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) and the National Education Association (NEA), and is a member of the AFL-CIO.
Mergers occurred in Florida (the Florida Education Association formed in 2000); Minnesota (Education Minnesota formed in 1998), Montana (MEA-MFT formed in 2000), New York (New York State United Teachers formed in 2006) and North Dakota.

Trade union

uniontrade unionistlabor union
The Florida Education Association (FEA) is a statewide federation of teacher and education workers' labor unions in the state of Florida in the United States.

Florida

FLState of FloridaFloridian
The Florida Education Association (FEA) is a statewide federation of teacher and education workers' labor unions in the state of Florida in the United States.

American Federation of Teachers

AFTIllinois Federation of TeachersThe American Federation of Teachers
It is a merged affiliate of the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) and the National Education Association (NEA), and is a member of the AFL-CIO.

AFL–CIO

AFL-CIOAmerican Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial OrganizationsAmerican Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations
It is a merged affiliate of the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) and the National Education Association (NEA), and is a member of the AFL-CIO.

Strike action

strikestrikeslabor strike
After leading the nation's first statewide teachers' strike in 1968, the FEA split into two separate federations in 1974. Since its inception, the NEA had rejected collective bargaining and strikes as unprofessional.

Voluntary association

associationassociationsvoluntary organisation
It was an association rather than a labor union, and membership was initially limited to white teachers and administrators only.

Board of education

school boardschool trusteeschool boards
FEA worked to persuade school boards and the public to increase funding for schools, end discrimination against married female schoolteachers, and more.

School district

public school districtschool districtsdistrict
Local affiliates of the FEA formed in almost every school district.

Miami-Dade County, Florida

Miami-Dade CountyMiami-DadeDade County
In that year, Pat Tornillo, a teacher in the Dade County school system, ran for the presidency of the Dade County Classroom Teachers Association (DCCTA).

Desegregation in the United States

desegregationdesegregateddesegregate
Tornillo won office by calling for greater organizational militancy and the desegregation of teaching staffs.

Collective bargaining

collectively bargaincollective bargaining agreementbargain collectively
Since its inception, the NEA had rejected collective bargaining and strikes as unprofessional.

United Federation of Teachers

Teachers UnionUFTTeachers Guild
But after the AFT won collective bargaining rights for teachers in New York City and formed the United Federation of Teachers, many NEA members began to push for the association to act more like a union.

Public relations

PRpublic relationpublic affairs
The caucus was successful: The same year, the NEA Representative Assembly (RA) passed a resolution establishing the "Urban Project,' adopting a policy of "professional negotiations" akin to collective bargaining, and requiring the NEA to provide staff, research and financial assistance to locals involved in "professional negotiations." By 1965, the NEA was providing nearly $885,000 a year to locals in support of "professional negotiations", up from a mere $28,000 in 1961. In 1962, pro-unionization forces in the NEA pushed to remove the organization's prohibition against strikes. They were unsuccessful, but did win approval of a "sanctions" policy. "Sanctions" included waging a public relations campaign against the school district, encouraging teachers to not accept teaching positions with the school system, refusing to provide unpaid services (such as tutoring or supervision of clubs), and political action to defeat anti-union politicians.

Broward County, Florida

Broward CountyBrowardBroward Counties
The report electrified teachers in Florida, and Dade, Broward, and Hillsborough counties were placed under sanction.

Hillsborough County, Florida

Hillsborough CountyHillsboroughHillsborough Counties
The report electrified teachers in Florida, and Dade, Broward, and Hillsborough counties were placed under sanction.

Property tax

property taxespropertymillage
The association lobbied for a minimum teacher salary of $5,000 a year and a more equitable means of funding schools than property taxes.

Republican Party (United States)

RepublicanRepublican PartyR
Republican Governor Claude R. Kirk, Jr. promised to improve educational funding.

Governor

gubernatorialgovernorsMilitary Governor
Republican Governor Claude R. Kirk, Jr. promised to improve educational funding.

Claude R. Kirk Jr.

Claude R. Kirk, Jr.Claude KirkClaude Roy Kirk
Republican Governor Claude R. Kirk, Jr. promised to improve educational funding.

Democratic Party (United States)

DemocraticDemocratDemocratic Party
The Democratic-controlled state legislature approved higher sales taxes.

Florida Legislature

Florida State Legislaturestate legislatureLegislature
The Democratic-controlled state legislature approved higher sales taxes.

Sales tax

salessales taxesnational sales tax
The Democratic-controlled state legislature approved higher sales taxes.

Veto

overridevetoedveto power
But Kirk vetoed the budget, and Republican legislators upheld the veto.

Citrus Bowl

Tangerine BowlCapital One BowlFlorida Citrus Bowl
An August 1967 rally at the Tangerine Bowl in Orlando drew 30,000 teachers.