Florida Panhandle

PanhandleNorthwest FloridaPanhandle of FloridaFloridaFlorida '''PAN'''handleNorthern Panhandlepanhandle areapanhandle area of Floridapanhandle regionpineywoods
The Florida Panhandle (also West Florida and Northwest Florida) is the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Florida, is a strip of land roughly 200 mi long and 50 to 100 mi wide, lying between Alabama on the north and the west, Georgia on the north, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south.wikipedia
819 Related Articles

Florida

FLState of FloridaFloridian
The Florida Panhandle (also West Florida and Northwest Florida) is the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Florida, is a strip of land roughly 200 mi long and 50 to 100 mi wide, lying between Alabama on the north and the west, Georgia on the north, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south.
By the 16th century, the earliest time for which there is a historical record, major Native American groups included the Apalachee of the Florida Panhandle, the Timucua of northern and central Florida, the Ais of the central Atlantic coast, the Tocobaga of the Tampa Bay area, the Calusa of southwest Florida and the Tequesta of the southeastern coast.

West Florida

Florida OccidentalColony of West FloridaWestern Florida
References to the Florida Panhandle always include the ten counties west of the Apalachicola River, a natural geographic boundary, which was the historic dividing line between the British colonies of West Florida and East Florida.
The colony included about two thirds of what is now the Florida Panhandle, as well as parts of the modern U.S. states of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama.

Tallahassee, Florida

TallahasseeTallahassee, FLCity of Tallahassee
The largest city in the Panhandle is Tallahassee, the state capital, population 188,107 (2014).
Tallahassee is the largest city in the Florida Big Bend and Florida Panhandle region, and the main center for trade and agriculture in the Florida Big Bend and Southwest Georgia regions.

Franklin County, Florida

FranklinFranklin CountyFranklin Counties
Franklin County is a county along the Gulf of Mexico in the Florida panhandle of the U.S. state of Florida.

Escambia County, Florida

Escambia CountyEscambiaFlorida
Coastal portions of Escambia County (namely Pensacola Beach) that lie on the western edge, and coastal portions of Bay County that lie on the eastern edge, are also regularly included when referring to the Emerald Coast, but with somewhat less regularity than the three aforementioned counties listed above.
Essentially, the Escambia county government had jurisdiction over the "panhandle" and "big bend" areas, and St. Johns over the remainder of the entire state.

Panama City, Florida

Panama CityPanama City, FLFlorida (Panama City)
Earlier designations include "Playground of the Gulfcoast" and the "Miracle Strip", especially for the area between Fort Walton Beach and Panama City.
Panama City is located at 30.17444°N, -85.66444°W (30.174451, -85.664480) within the Florida Panhandle and along the Emerald Coast.

Georgia (U.S. state)

GeorgiaGAState of Georgia
The Florida Panhandle (also West Florida and Northwest Florida) is the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Florida, is a strip of land roughly 200 mi long and 50 to 100 mi wide, lying between Alabama on the north and the west, Georgia on the north, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south.
Georgia often is affected by hurricanes that strike the Florida panhandle, weaken over land, and bring strong tropical storm winds and heavy rain to the interior, a recent example of this being Hurricane Michael, as well as hurricanes that come close to the Georgia coastline, brushing the coast on their way north without ever making landfall.

Central Time Zone

Central (CST)CSTCentral Standard Time
These western counties also lie in the Central Time Zone (with the exception of Gulf County, which is divided between the Eastern and Central Time zones), while the rest of the state is in the Eastern Time Zone.

Blackwater River (Florida)

Blackwater RiverBlackwater BayBlack River
Major estuaries include, from west to east: Perdido Bay, fed by the Perdido River, which forms the western boundary of Florida; Escambia Bay and East Bay, fed by the Escambia River and Blackwater River, respectively; Choctawhatchee Bay, fed by the Choctawhatchee River; and St. Andrews Bay, fed by Econfina Creek.
The Blackwater River of Florida is a 56.6 mi river rising in southern Alabama and flowing through the Florida Panhandle to the Gulf of Mexico.

Econfina Creek

Major estuaries include, from west to east: Perdido Bay, fed by the Perdido River, which forms the western boundary of Florida; Escambia Bay and East Bay, fed by the Escambia River and Blackwater River, respectively; Choctawhatchee Bay, fed by the Choctawhatchee River; and St. Andrews Bay, fed by Econfina Creek.
Econfina Creek is a small river in the middle Florida Panhandle.

Chattahoochee River

ChattahoocheeChattahoochie RiverChattahoochee Valley
It is formed by the junction of several rivers, including the Chattahoochee and the Flint, where the boundaries of Alabama, Georgia, and Florida meet.
Farther south, it merges with the Flint River and other tributaries at Lake Seminole near Bainbridge, to form the Apalachicola River that flows into the Florida Panhandle.

Port St. Joe, Florida

Port St. JoePort Saint Joe, FloridaPort Saint Joe
Emerald Coast, a term coined in 1983, refers in general to the beaches and coastal resorts from Pensacola to Port St. Joe, but is sometimes used to refer, by extension, to the Panhandle as a whole, especially west of the Apalachicola.
Port St. Joe is located in southern Gulf County at 29.80806°N, -85.29778°W (29.807968, -85.297684), within the Florida Panhandle and along the Emerald Coast.

Pensacola and Atlantic Railroad

P&A SubdivisionP&APensacola & Atlantic
The building of the Pensacola and Atlantic Railroad, completed in 1883, finally linked Pensacola and the Panhandle solidly with the rest of the state and ended the region's isolation, although from time to time during the twentieth century there were still occasional calls for annexation that generated some public discussion but no legislative action.
No railroad had ever been built across the sparsely populated panhandle of Florida, which left Pensacola isolated from the rest of the state.

Choctawhatchee Bay

ChoctawhatcheeDestin PassRocky Bayou
Major estuaries include, from west to east: Perdido Bay, fed by the Perdido River, which forms the western boundary of Florida; Escambia Bay and East Bay, fed by the Escambia River and Blackwater River, respectively; Choctawhatchee Bay, fed by the Choctawhatchee River; and St. Andrews Bay, fed by Econfina Creek.
Choctawhatchee Bay is a bay in the Emerald Coast region of the Florida Panhandle.

Apalachicola River

ApalachicolaAppalachicola RiverAppalachicola
The Apalachicola River is the largest river of the Panhandle.
It flows generally south through the forests of the Florida Panhandle, past Bristol.

Pensacola Bay

Bay of Pensacolabody of water
Pensacola Bay, a deepwater port, is formed by the joining of Escambia and East bays.
Pensacola Bay is a bay located in the northwestern part of Florida, United States, known as the Florida Panhandle.

North Central Florida

North CentralNorth-Central portion
Like North Central Florida, the Panhandle is more similar in culture and climate to the Deep South than to South Florida in the lower peninsula, being known for its conservative politics and "piney woods."
Like the Florida Panhandle, this region is often recognized as part of the Deep South, as compared to the rest of the state.

East Bay (Santa Rosa County, Florida)

East Bay
Major estuaries include, from west to east: Perdido Bay, fed by the Perdido River, which forms the western boundary of Florida; Escambia Bay and East Bay, fed by the Escambia River and Blackwater River, respectively; Choctawhatchee Bay, fed by the Choctawhatchee River; and St. Andrews Bay, fed by Econfina Creek.
East Bay (Florida) is a bay located in the far western Florida Panhandle.

St. Andrews Bay (Florida)

St. Andrews BaySt. Andrew BaySaint Andrews Bay
Major estuaries include, from west to east: Perdido Bay, fed by the Perdido River, which forms the western boundary of Florida; Escambia Bay and East Bay, fed by the Escambia River and Blackwater River, respectively; Choctawhatchee Bay, fed by the Choctawhatchee River; and St. Andrews Bay, fed by Econfina Creek.
St. "Andrews" Bay, officially named St. Andrew Bay, is a bay located in Bay County in the panhandle of Florida.

Escambia Bay

Major estuaries include, from west to east: Perdido Bay, fed by the Perdido River, which forms the western boundary of Florida; Escambia Bay and East Bay, fed by the Escambia River and Blackwater River, respectively; Choctawhatchee Bay, fed by the Choctawhatchee River; and St. Andrews Bay, fed by Econfina Creek.
Escambia Bay is a bay located in Escambia and Santa Rosa counties, in the far western Florida Panhandle.

Spanish Florida

FloridaLa FloridaSecond Spanish Period
The presidio of St. Augustine was founded on Florida's Atlantic coast in 1565; a series of missions were established across the Florida panhandle, Georgia, and South Carolina during the 1600s; and Pensacola was founded on the western Florida panhandle in 1698, strengthening Spanish claims to that section of the territory.

Hurricane Opal

OpalHurricane Opal (1995)Hurricane Opal in 1995
In the last quarter of the century, hurricanes that directly struck the area and caused significant damage included Hurricane Eloise in 1975, Hurricane Kate in 1985, and Hurricane Erin and Hurricane Opal, both in 1995.
However, the cyclone abruptly weakened to a low-end Category 3 hurricane prior to making landfall in the Florida Panhandle near Pensacola later that day.

1993 Storm of the Century

Storm of the CenturyBlizzard of 1993Great Blizzard of 1993
The area was a prime target of the March 1993 Storm of the Century.
The Florida Panhandle reported up to 4 in of snow, with hurricane-force wind gusts and record low barometric pressures.

Hurricane Eloise

EloiseEloise 1975Tropica Storm Eloise
In the last quarter of the century, hurricanes that directly struck the area and caused significant damage included Hurricane Eloise in 1975, Hurricane Kate in 1985, and Hurricane Erin and Hurricane Opal, both in 1995.
Eloise made landfall along the Florida Panhandle west of Panama City before moving inland across Alabama and dissipating on September 24.

Hurricane Erin (1995)

Hurricane ErinErinErin 1995
In the last quarter of the century, hurricanes that directly struck the area and caused significant damage included Hurricane Eloise in 1975, Hurricane Kate in 1985, and Hurricane Erin and Hurricane Opal, both in 1995.
It made landfall on the central eastern Florida coastline as a Category 1 hurricane on August 2 and again along the Florida Panhandle as a Category 2 hurricane on August 3, causing a moderate amount of damage.