Foehn wind

föhnfoehnföhn windfoehn effectfoehn windsFöhn effectFöhn windsFoëhn windsAlpine windcontribute
A föhn or foehn is a type of dry, warm, down-slope wind that occurs in the lee (downwind side) of a mountain range.wikipedia
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Rain shadow

rainshadowrainshadow effectlow snowfall
It is a rain shadow wind that results from the subsequent adiabatic warming of air that has dropped most of its moisture on windward slopes (see orographic lift).
Typically, descending air also gets warmer because of adiabatic compression (see Foehn winds) down the leeward side of the mountain, which increases the amount of moisture that it can absorb and creates an arid region.

Chinook wind

chinookchinook windsChinooks
Evidence for effects from Chinook winds remain anecdotal.
Chinook winds, or simply Chinooks, are föhn winds in the interior West of North America, where the Canadian Prairies and Great Plains meet various mountain ranges, although the original usage is in reference to wet, warm coastal winds in the Pacific Northwest.

Adiabatic process

adiabaticadiabaticallyadiabatic cooling
It is a rain shadow wind that results from the subsequent adiabatic warming of air that has dropped most of its moisture on windward slopes (see orographic lift).
Adiabatic heating occurs in the Earth's atmosphere when an air mass descends, for example, in a katabatic wind, Foehn wind, or chinook wind flowing downhill over a mountain range.

Berg wind

BergwindBergBerg winds
Although berg winds are often called a Föhn winds, this is probably a misnomer, as Föhn winds are rain shadow winds that result from air moving over a mountain range, resulting in precipitation on the windward side.

Zonda wind

ZondaViento Blancozonda,
Zonda wind (viento zonda) is a regional term for the foehn wind that often occurs on the eastern slope of the Andes, in Argentina.

Alps

AlpineItalian Alpsthe Alps
Switzerland, southern Germany and Austria enjoy a warmer climate due to the Föhn, as moist winds off the Mediterranean Sea blow over the Alps.
The severe weather in the Alps has been studied since the 18th century; particularly the weather patterns such as the seasonal foehn wind.

Katabatic wind

katabatic windsdownslope winddownsloping
For instance, winds such as the föhn and chinook are rain shadow winds where air driven upslope on the windward side of a mountain range drops its moisture and descends leeward drier and warmer.

Puelche (wind)

Puelche windPuelche
A Puelche wind (in Spanish, viento puelche) is a dry foehn-like eastern wind that occurs in south-central Chile.

Suetes

Les SuêtesSuêtes
Suetes, suêtes, les suêtes, are strong south-east foehn winds on the west coast of Cape Breton Island.

Slovenia

SloveneSlovenianRepublic of Slovenia
The form "fen" is used in Croatia and Slovenia.
Besides these, there are three winds of particular regional importance: the bora, the jugo, and the foehn.

Windward and leeward

leewardwindwardlee
A föhn or foehn is a type of dry, warm, down-slope wind that occurs in the lee (downwind side) of a mountain range. As a consequence of the different adiabatic lapse rates of moist and dry air, the air on the leeward slopes becomes warmer than equivalent elevations on the windward slopes.

Lapse rate

adiabatic lapse ratedry adiabatic lapse ratemoist adiabatic lapse rate
As a consequence of the different adiabatic lapse rates of moist and dry air, the air on the leeward slopes becomes warmer than equivalent elevations on the windward slopes.
The difference in moist adiabatic lapse rate and the dry rate is the cause of foehn wind phenomenon (also known as "Chinook winds" in parts of North America).

Warm Braw

Warm Braw is a foehn wind in the Schouten Islands north of New Guinea.

Halny

Halny is a foehn wind that blows in southern Poland and in Slovakia in the Tatra Mountains of the Carpathians.

Valencia

Valencia, SpainValènciacity of Valencia
Valencia has one of the mildest winters in Europe, owing to its southern location on the Mediterranean Sea and the Foehn phenomenon.

Switzerland

SwissSwiss ConfederationSWI
A weather phenomenon known as the föhn (with an identical effect to the chinook wind) can occur at all times of the year and is characterised by an unexpectedly warm wind, bringing air of very low relative humidity to the north of the Alps during rainfall periods on the southern face of the Alps.

Alpine föhn

The Alpine föhn (Alpenföhn) is the name given to the föhn wind in the Alpine region.

Penrith, New South Wales

PenrithKingswood ParkPenrith, New South Wales, Australia
Penrith's hot temperatures are credited to föhn wind sweeping off the Central Tablelands down into the foothills of the suburb.

Otago

Otago RegionOtago, New ZealandOtago Lakes
Drier conditions are often the result of the northwesterly föhn wind, which dries as it crosses the Southern Alps.

Santa Ana winds

Santa Ana windSanta AnaSanta Anas
While the Santa Anas are katabatic, they are not Föhn winds.

Fonfjord

Fon FjordFønfjord
Fonfjord (Ujuaakajiip Kangertiva; Fønfjord, meaning 'Foehn Fjord') is a fjord in King Christian X Land, eastern Greenland.

Orographic lift

orographicorographic liftingrelief precipitation
It is a rain shadow wind that results from the subsequent adiabatic warming of air that has dropped most of its moisture on windward slopes (see orographic lift).
The warm foehn wind, locally known as the Chinook wind, Bergwind or Diablo wind or Nor'wester depending on the region, provide examples of this type of wind, and are driven in part by latent heat released by orographic-lifting-induced precipitation.

Richmond, New South Wales

RichmondRichmond - TweedRichmond area
Due to its inland location, Richmond has hotter summer days than Sydney CBD, with temperatures sometimes reaching highs of 42 C. Richmond's extreme summer temperatures are also credited to föhn wind sweeping off the Central Tablelands down into the foothills of the suburb.