Folk music

folkfolk songtraditionalfolk singerfolk songstraditional musicfolksongrootsethnic musicroots music
Folk music includes traditional folk music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th-century folk revival.wikipedia
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Folk rock

folk-rockfolkfolk pop
This type of folk music also includes fusion genres such as folk rock, folk metal, and others.
Folk rock is a hybrid music genre combining elements of folk music and rock music, which arose in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom in the mid-1960s.

Folk metal

folkOriental metaloriental
This type of folk music also includes fusion genres such as folk rock, folk metal, and others.
Folk metal is a fusion genre of heavy metal music and traditional folk music that developed in Europe during the 1990s.

Folk instrument

folk instrumentstraditional instrumentsethnic instrument
Such an instrument is played in performances of folk music.

Béla Bartók

BartókBartokBartók, Béla
For Scholes, as well as for Cecil Sharp and Béla Bartók, there was a sense of the music of the country as distinct from that of the town. Nationalist composers emerged in Central Europe, Russia, Scandinavia, Spain and Britain: the music of Dvořák, Smetana, Grieg, Rimsky-Korsakov, Brahms, Liszt, de Falla, Wagner, Sibelius, Vaughan Williams, Bartók, and many others drew upon folk melodies.
Through his collection and analytical study of folk music, he was one of the founders of comparative musicology, which later became ethnomusicology.

Indigenous music

indigenousethnic musicIndigenous music of Australia
Folk music may include most indigenous music.
Indigenous music is a term for the traditional music of the indigenous peoples of the world, that is, the music of an "original" ethnic group that inhabits any geographic region alongside more recent immigrants who may be greater in number.

Charles Seeger

CharlesCharles Louis Seeger Jr.Charles Louis Seeger, Jr.
Lloyd rejected this in favour of a simple distinction of economic class yet for him true folk music was, in Charles Seeger's words, "associated with a lower class" in culturally and socially stratified societies.
He was the father of the American folk singers Pete Seeger (1919–2014), Peggy Seeger (b.

World music

worldworld fusionWorld Ethnic
Some types of folk music may be called world music.
It includes many forms of music that Westerners consider ethnic, indigenous music, folk music, neotraditional music, and music where more than one cultural tradition, such as non-Western music and Western popular music, intermingle.

Donovan

Donovan LeitchThe World of DonovanDonovan Phillips Leitch
The term "folk", by the start of the 21st century, could cover singer songwriters, such as Donovan from Scotland and American Bob Dylan, who emerged in the 1960s and much more.
He developed an eclectic and distinctive style that blended folk, jazz, pop, psychedelia, and world music (notably calypso).

Bob Dylan

DylanDylanesqueB. Dylan
The term "folk", by the start of the 21st century, could cover singer songwriters, such as Donovan from Scotland and American Bob Dylan, who emerged in the 1960s and much more.
Following his self-titled debut album in 1962, which mainly comprised traditional folk songs, Dylan made his breakthrough as a songwriter with the release of The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan the following year.

Singer-songwriter

singer/songwritersinger–songwritersinger-songwriters
The term "folk", by the start of the 21st century, could cover singer songwriters, such as Donovan from Scotland and American Bob Dylan, who emerged in the 1960s and much more.
In the United States, the category built on the folk-acoustic tradition.

Popular music

popularpoppopular song
The distinction between "authentic" folk and national and popular song in general has always been loose, particularly in America and Germany – for example popular songwriters such as Stephen Foster could be termed "folk" in America.
It stands in contrast to both art music and traditional or "folk" music.

Tune-family

A collection of tunes with structural similarities is known as a tune-family.
In folk music a tune-family is, "a seeming multiplicity of melodies," reducible, "to a small number of 'models' or sets."

Art music

serious musicartclassical music
It has been contrasted with commercial and classical styles.
The terms "serious" or "cultivated" are frequently used in relation to music in order to present a contrast with ordinary, everyday music (i.e. popular and folk music, also called "vernacular music").

Instrumental

instrumental musicinstrumentalsContemporary instrumental
In folk music, a tune is a short instrumental piece, a melody, often with repeating sections, and usually played a number of times.
An instrumental can exist in music notation, after it is written by a composer; in the mind of the composer (especially in cases where the composer himself will perform the piece, as in the case of a blues solo guitarist or a folk music fiddle player); as a piece that is performed live by a single instrumentalist or a musical ensemble, which could range in components from a duo or trio to a large Big Band, concert band or orchestra.

Sea shanty

sea shantiesshantysea chanties
Professional sailors made similar use of a large body of sea shanties.
Shanty repertoire borrowed from the contemporary popular music enjoyed by sailors, including minstrel music, popular marches, and land-based folk songs, which were then adapted to suit musical forms matching the various labor tasks required to operate a sailing ship.

Musical notation

music notationnotationnotated
In many societies, especially preliterate ones, the cultural transmission of folk music requires learning by ear, although notation has evolved in some cultures.
Music notation has been adapted to many kinds of music, including classical music, popular music, and traditional music.

Antonín Dvořák

DvořákDvorakAntonin Dvorak
Nationalist composers emerged in Central Europe, Russia, Scandinavia, Spain and Britain: the music of Dvořák, Smetana, Grieg, Rimsky-Korsakov, Brahms, Liszt, de Falla, Wagner, Sibelius, Vaughan Williams, Bartók, and many others drew upon folk melodies.
Following the Romantic-era nationalist example of his predecessor Bedřich Smetana, Dvořák frequently employed rhythms and other aspects of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia.

Haydn and folk music

Croatian folk tunesJoseph Haydn
English Elizabethan and Stuart composers had often evolved their music from folk themes, the classical suite was based upon stylised folk-dances, and Joseph Haydn's use of folk melodies is noted.
This article discusses the influence of folk music on the work of the composer Joseph Haydn (1732–1809).

Musical nationalism

nationalistnationalismnational
Nationalist composers emerged in Central Europe, Russia, Scandinavia, Spain and Britain: the music of Dvořák, Smetana, Grieg, Rimsky-Korsakov, Brahms, Liszt, de Falla, Wagner, Sibelius, Vaughan Williams, Bartók, and many others drew upon folk melodies.
Musical nationalism refers to the use of musical ideas or motifs that are identified with a specific country, region, or ethnicity, such as folk tunes and melodies, rhythms, and harmonies inspired by them.

Folklore

folk talefolktalefolk
They are extensions of the term folklore, which was coined in 1846 by the English antiquarian William Thoms to describe "the traditions, customs, and superstitions of the uncultured classes".

Barbara Allen (song)

Barbara AllenBarbriallenBarbara Ellen
Because variants proliferate naturally, it is naïve to believe that there is such a thing as the single "authentic" version of a ballad such as "Barbara Allen".
"Barbara Allen" (Child 84, Roud 54) is a traditional Scottish ballad; it later travelled to America both orally and in print, where it became a popular folk song.

Jeannie Robertson

Jean Robertson
Scottish traveler Jeannie Robertson from Aberdeen, made the next recorded version in 1961.
Jeannie Robertson (1908 – 13 March 1975) was a Scottish folk singer.

Music of Crete

Cretan musicCretanCretan folk music
However, the loss of traditional music is slowed in nations or regions where traditional folk music is a badge of cultural or national identity, for instance in the case of Bangladesh, Hungary, India, Ireland, Pakistan, Scotland, Latvia, Turkey, Portugal, Brittany, Galicia, Greece and Crete.
The music of Crete, also called kritika, refers to traditional forms of Greek folk music prevalent on the island of Crete in Greece.

Choir

choralchoruschoral music
The origins of choral music are found in traditional music, as singing in big groups is extremely widely spread in traditional cultures (both singing in one part, or in unison, like in Ancient Greece, as well as singing in parts, or in harmony, like in contemporary European choral music).

Alan Lomax

AlanLomaxLomax, Alan
In North America, during the 1930s and 1940s, the Library of Congress worked through the offices of traditional music collectors Robert Winslow Gordon, Alan Lomax and others to capture as much North American field material as possible.
Alan Lomax (January 31, 1915 – July 19, 2002) was an American ethnomusicologist, best known for his numerous field recordings of folk music of the 20th century.