Folklore

folk talefolktalefolkfolkloricfolk talesfolkloristfolk culturefolktaleslorefolklife
Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group.wikipedia
3,621 Related Articles

Family folklore

single family.
"Folk is a flexible concept which can refer to a nation as in American folklore or to a single family." This expanded social definition of folk supports a broader view of the material, i.e. the lore, considered to be folklore artifacts.
Family folklore is the branch of folkloristics concerned with the study and use of folklore and traditional culture transmitted within an individual family group.

Oral tradition

oral traditionsoral cultureoral
These include oral traditions such as tales, proverbs and jokes.
A folklore is a type of oral tradition, but knowledge other than folklore has been orally transmitted and thus preserved in human history.

Folklore of the United States

American folklorefolkloreAmerican folk culture
"Folk is a flexible concept which can refer to a nation as in American folklore or to a single family." This expanded social definition of folk supports a broader view of the material, i.e. the lore, considered to be folklore artifacts.
The study of folklore is sometimes called folkloristics.

William Thoms

William John ThomsWilliam J. ThomsW. J. Thoms
It is well-documented that the term was coined in 1846 by the Englishman William Thoms.
William John Thoms (16 November 1803 – 15 August 1885) was a British writer credited with coining the term "folklore" in 1846.

Material culture

materialmaterial culture studiesTangible folk art
They include material culture, ranging from traditional building styles to handmade toys common to the group.
It draws on both theory and practice from the social sciences and humanities such as art history, archaeology, anthropology, history, historic preservation, folklore, archival science, literary criticism and museum studies, among others.

Brothers Grimm

The Brothers GrimmGrimmGrimm brothers
The "Kinder- und Hausmärchen" of the Brothers Grimm (first published 1812) is the best known but by no means only collection of verbal folklore of the European peasantry of that time.
The Brothers Grimm (die Brüder Grimm or die Gebrüder Grimm), Jacob Ludwig Karl (1785–1863) and Wilhelm Carl (1786–1859), were German academics, philologists, cultural researchers, lexicographers and authors who together collected and published folklore during the 19th century.

Halloween

Hallowe'enOctober 31All Hallows' Eve
So Halloween of the 21st century is not the All Hallows' Eve of the Middle Ages, and even gives rise to its own set of urban legends independent of the historical celebration.
Today's Halloween customs are thought to have been influenced by folk customs and beliefs from the Celtic-speaking countries, some of which are believed to have pagan roots.

Childlore

children's folklore
There is also a fourth major subgenre defined for children's folklore and games (childlore), as the collection and interpretation of this fertile topic is peculiar to school yards and neighborhood streets.
Childlore is the folklore or folk culture of children and young people.

Stith Thompson

S. ThompsonStith Thompson motif indexThompson, Stith
This was later expanded into the Aarne–Thompson classification system by Stith Thompson and remains the standard classification system for European folktales and other types of oral literature.
Stith Thompson (March 7, 1885 – January 10, 1976) was an American scholar of folklore.

Aarne–Thompson–Uther Index

Aarne-ThompsonAarne–ThompsonAarne–Thompson classification system
This was later expanded into the Aarne–Thompson classification system by Stith Thompson and remains the standard classification system for European folktales and other types of oral literature.
The Aarne–Thompson–Uther Index (ATU Index) is a catalogue of folktale types used in folklore studies.

Cinderella

fairy taleAschenputtelCendrillon
"Cinderella", or "The Little Glass Slipper", is a folk tale embodying a myth-element of unjust oppression and triumphant reward.

Fairy tale

fairy talesfairy-talefairytale
A fairy tale, wonder tale, magic tale, or Märchen is an instance of a folklore genre that takes the form of a short story.

Cultural heritage

heritageculturaldescent
Added to the panoply of other legislation designed to protect the natural and cultural heritage of the United States, this law also marks a shift in national awareness.

Folk music

folkfolk songtraditional
They are extensions of the term folklore, which was coined in 1846 by the English antiquarian William Thoms to describe "the traditions, customs, and superstitions of the uncultured classes".

Incantation

spellspellsenchanted
In medieval literature, folklore, fairy tales, and modern fantasy fiction, enchantments are charms or spells.

Conspiracy theory

conspiracy theoriesconspiracy theoristconspiracy
This puts "the equivalent of 120 million Americans in the “chemtrails are real” camp. Belief in conspiracy theories has therefore become a topic of interest for sociologists, psychologists and experts in folklore.

Folk belief

cultural belieffolk beliefsfolk-beliefs
In folkloristics, folk belief or folk-belief is a broad genre of folklore that is often expressed in narratives, customs, rituals, foodways, proverbs, and rhymes.

Curse

hexKursecursing
The study of the forms of curses comprise a significant proportion of the study of both folk religion and folklore.

Fable

fablesfabulistfolktales
The fable is one of the most enduring forms of folk literature, spread abroad, modern researchers agree, less by literary anthologies than by oral transmission.

Legend

legendarylegendary historylegends
Legend is a genre of folklore that consists of a narrative featuring human actions perceived or believed both by teller and listeners to have taken place within human history.

Myth

mythologymythologicalmyths
Myth is a folklore genre consisting of narratives or stories that play a fundamental role in a society, such as foundational tales or origin myths.

Proverb

proverbsbywordSayings
These include oral traditions such as tales, proverbs and jokes.
Collectively, they form a genre of folklore.

Johann Gottfried Herder

HerderJohann Gottfried von HerderJohann Herder
A particular figure in this development was Johann Gottfried von Herder, whose writings in the 1770s presented oral traditions as organic processes grounded in locale.
Herder's focus upon language and cultural traditions as the ties that create a "nation" extended to include folklore, dance, music and art, and inspired Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm in their collection of German folk tales.

Taunting

taunttauntscutthroat
Taunts are also a genre of folklore.

Narrative

storystoriesnarratives
These include oral traditions such as tales, proverbs and jokes.
The nature or existence of a formative narrative in many of the world's myths, folktales, and legends has been a topic of debate for many modern scholars; but the most common consensus among academics is that throughout most cultures, traditional mythologies and folklore tales are constructed and retold with a specific narrative purpose that serves to offer a society an understandable explanation of natural phenomenon—oftentimes absent of a verifiable author.