Forgery

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Forgery is a white-collar crime that generally refers to the false making or material alteration of a legal instrument with the specific intent to defraud anyone (other than themself).wikipedia
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White-collar crime

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Forgery is a white-collar crime that generally refers to the false making or material alteration of a legal instrument with the specific intent to defraud anyone (other than themself).
Typical white-collar crimes could include wage theft, fraud, bribery, Ponzi schemes, insider trading, labor racketeering, embezzlement, cybercrime, copyright infringement, money laundering, identity theft, and forgery.

False document

document forgeryfalse documentsfound manuscript
When the object forged is a record or document it is often called a false document.
A forged document, the Zinoviev Letter, helped bring the downfall of the first Labour Government in Britain.

Fraud

defraudfraudsterfraudulent
Forgery is a white-collar crime that generally refers to the false making or material alteration of a legal instrument with the specific intent to defraud anyone (other than themself).
In common law jurisdictions, as a criminal offence, fraud takes many different forms, some general (e.g., theft by false pretense) and some specific to particular categories of victims or misconduct (e.g., bank fraud, insurance fraud, forgery).

Jacques van Meegeren

A special case of double forgery is the forging of Vermeer's paintings by Han van Meegeren, and in its turn the forging of Van Meegeren's work by his son Jacques van Meegeren.
He is also considered to be a forger of the work of his father, Han van Meegeren, a forger of old masters who became known for this.

Signature forgery

forgedforged signatureforges his signature
In the 16th century, imitators of Albrecht Dürer's style of printmaking improved the market for their own prints by signing them "AD", making them forgeries.
Signature forgery refers to the act of falsely replicating the signature of another person.

Forgery of Foreign Bills Act 1803

The Forgery of Foreign Bills Act 1803 was repealed in 2013.
Prior to its repeal in 2013, it created offences of forgery of foreign instruments in Scotland.

Forgery and Counterfeiting Act 1981

198'''1''' Forgery and Counterfeiting Act
In England and Wales and Northern Ireland, forgery is an offence under section 1 of the Forgery and Counterfeiting Act 1981, which provides:
Section 1 creates the offence of forgery.

English criminal law

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For offences akin to forgery, see English criminal law#Forgery, personation, and cheating.

Hoax

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Where the prime concern of a forgery is less focused on the object itself – what it is worth or what it "proves" – than on a tacit statement of criticism that is revealed by the reactions the object provokes in others, then the larger process is a hoax.

Common law offence

common law crimecommon law offencescommon law crimes
The common law offence of forgery is abolished for all purposes not relating to offences committed before the commencement of the Forgery and Counterfeiting Act 1981.

The Word (novel)

The WordThe Word'' (novel)The Word'' (TV miniseries)
A struggle for control of the World Council of Churches, the suspicious absence in the project of archeologist Prof. Augusto Monti, the original discoverer – and whose daughter Angela is a potential love interest for Steve –, and the potential notion that the newly discovered gospel itself is a forgery made in the 20th century instead of a legitimate historical document, all are guaranteed to make Steve question the worth of the new job he's undertaking, and the newly re-found faith in God he acquired along with it.

Counterfeit money

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Producing or using counterfeit money is a form of fraud or forgery.

Criminal Justice (Theft and Fraud Offences) Act, 2001

Criminal Justice (Theft and Fraud Offences) Act 2001
In the Republic of Ireland, forgery is an offence under section 25(1) of the Criminal Justice (Theft and Fraud Offences) Act, 2001 which provides:

Authentication

authenticityauthenticateauthenticated
Criminal and civil penalties for fraud, forgery, and counterfeiting can reduce the incentive for falsification, depending on the risk of getting caught.

Epigraphy

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Epigraphy also helps identify a forgery: epigraphic evidence formed part of the discussion concerning the James Ossuary.

Counterfeit

counterfeitingcounterfeiterbootleg
Forging money or currency is more often called counterfeiting.
Forgery is the process of making or adapting documents with the intention to deceive.

Questioned document examination

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These include identity theft, forgery, counterfeiting, fraud, or uttering a forged document.

Replica

replicasclonesreproductions
"Not all incorrectly attributed items are intentional forgeries. In the same way that a museum shop might sell a print of a painting or a replica of a vase, copies of statues, paintings, and other precious artifacts have been popular through the ages.

Legal instrument

legal documentinstrumentlegal documents
Forgery is a white-collar crime that generally refers to the false making or material alteration of a legal instrument with the specific intent to defraud anyone (other than themself).

Mens rea

intentmental statemental element
Forgery is a white-collar crime that generally refers to the false making or material alteration of a legal instrument with the specific intent to defraud anyone (other than themself).

Misrepresentation

negligent misrepresentationmisrepresentedMisrepresentation in English law
Copies, studio replicas, and reproductions are not considered forgeries, though they may later become forgeries through knowing and willful misrepresentations.

Money

monetaryspeciecash
Forging money or currency is more often called counterfeiting.

Currency

currenciesforeign currencycoinage
Forging money or currency is more often called counterfeiting.

Final good

consumer goodsconsumer productsconsumer product
But consumer goods may also be counterfeits if they are not manufactured or produced by the designated manufacturer or producer given on the label or flagged by the trademark symbol.

Label

labelsproduct labelstickers
But consumer goods may also be counterfeits if they are not manufactured or produced by the designated manufacturer or producer given on the label or flagged by the trademark symbol.