A report on Fort Edward (village), New York

Village in Washington County, New York, United States.

- Fort Edward (village), New York

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Fort Edward (town), New York

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Town and the county seat of Washington County, New York, United States.

Town and the county seat of Washington County, New York, United States.

Fort Edward - Glens Falls Amtrak station
Street scene in Fort Edward

The municipal center complex is on U.S. Route 4 between the villages of Hudson Falls and Fort Edward.

Map of the Albany-Schenectady-Amsterdam Combined Statistical Area, with the Glens Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area highlighted in yellow.

Glens Falls metropolitan area

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Area consisting of two counties in Upstate New York, anchored by the city of Glens Falls.

Area consisting of two counties in Upstate New York, anchored by the city of Glens Falls.

Map of the Albany-Schenectady-Amsterdam Combined Statistical Area, with the Glens Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area highlighted in yellow.

Fort Edward (village)

A map of the Appalachian Mountains, highlighting the Great Appalachian Valley. The main mountain regions on either side are named, as are the various local valleys.

Washington County, New York

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County in the U.S. state of New York.

County in the U.S. state of New York.

A map of the Appalachian Mountains, highlighting the Great Appalachian Valley. The main mountain regions on either side are named, as are the various local valleys.
Orogenies of the northeast United States
New York State Route 22 passing through Washington County

Fort Edward

Sir William Johnson in 1763, based on a lost portrait by Thomas McIlworth

Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet

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Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet of New York (c.

Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet of New York (c.

Sir William Johnson in 1763, based on a lost portrait by Thomas McIlworth
Admiral Sir Peter Warren, c. 1751
William Johnson negotiating with a Mohawk chief. History of the City of New York, 1896.
General Johnson Saving a Wounded French Officer from the Tomahawk of a North American Indian by Benjamin West
Johnson, in green, is depicted in Benjamin West's iconic painting The Death of General Wolfe, although he was not present at the event.
Johnson hosting an Iroquois conference at Johnson Hall in 1772 (painting by E. L. Henry, 1903)
Johnson Hall 2006
This mezzotint of William Johnson was published in London in 1756.
Sir John Johnson, 2nd Baronet
Joseph Brant
The Battle of Lake George (1903) by Albert Weinert shows Johnson (right) alongside Hendrick Theyanoguin.
Guy Park manor
Old Fort Johnson

In August 1757, after the French began their siege of Fort William Henry, Johnson arrived at Fort Edward with 180 Indians and 1,500 militia.

Rogers Island (New York)

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Island on the Hudson River, in Washington County, New York, that once formed part of the third largest "city" in colonial North America, and is considered the "spiritual home" of the United States Special Operations Forces, particularly the United States Army Rangers.

Island on the Hudson River, in Washington County, New York, that once formed part of the third largest "city" in colonial North America, and is considered the "spiritual home" of the United States Special Operations Forces, particularly the United States Army Rangers.

It is a part of the Village of Fort Edward, which itself is part of the Town of Fort Edward, north of Albany and east of Syracuse.

Above Cook's Bay, facing south

Lake George (lake), New York

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Long, narrow oligotrophic lake located at the southeast base of the Adirondack Mountains, in the northeastern portion of the U.S. state of New York.

Long, narrow oligotrophic lake located at the southeast base of the Adirondack Mountains, in the northeastern portion of the U.S. state of New York.

Above Cook's Bay, facing south
Steamboat Horicon on Lake George, 1900
Lake George, 1862, painted by Martin Johnson Heade
Lake George, c. 1860, painted by John Frederick Kensett. Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza
Fort William Henry Hotel in 1907
View from The Sagamore in Bolton Landing
Lake George, on a foggy day.
View from Bolton Landing
View of southern end of Lake George.
Isles
View from Sabbath Day Point
An aerial view of Lake George, with Anthony's Nose and Roger's Rock visible
John Frederick Kensett - Lake George - Brooklyn Museum
John William Casilear - - Lake George - Brooklyn Museum
Lake George - John F. Kensett, Hudson River School
Régis François Gignoux - Lake George - Brooklyn Museum

During the British retreat to Fort Edward they were ambushed and massacred by natives allied to the French, in what would become known as The Massacre at Fort William Henry.

Perspective map of Mechanicville from the late 19th century by L.R. Burleigh showing the Champlain Canal and Hudson River

Champlain Canal

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60 mi canal in New York that connects the Hudson River to the south end of Lake Champlain.

60 mi canal in New York that connects the Hudson River to the south end of Lake Champlain.

Perspective map of Mechanicville from the late 19th century by L.R. Burleigh showing the Champlain Canal and Hudson River
Tug and barge on the Champlain Canal during the 1980s
Second-generation water supply locks (the five combines), built to supply water from the Hudson River to the Champlain canal, Glens Falls Feeder, Fort Edward, NY. Also utilized as secondary locks to navigate from Glen's Falls to Champlain canal. Not in use.

By 1818, 12 mi were completed, and in 1819 the canal was opened from Fort Edward to Lake Champlain.

NY 197 approaching the terminus at NY 40 in Argyle village

New York State Route 197

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East–west state highway in eastern New York in the United States.

East–west state highway in eastern New York in the United States.

NY 197 approaching the terminus at NY 40 in Argyle village

NY 197 has a short overlap with US 4 through the village of Fort Edward.

The war theater

French and Indian War

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Theater of the Seven Years' War, which pitted the North American colonies of the British Empire against those of the French, each side being supported by various Native American tribes.

Theater of the Seven Years' War, which pitted the North American colonies of the British Empire against those of the French, each side being supported by various Native American tribes.

The war theater
Belligerents during the Seven Years' War. Canadians and Europeans view the French and Indian War as a theater of the Seven Years' War, while Americans view it a separate conflict.
The coureurs des bois were French Canadian fur traders, who did business with natives throughout the Mississippi and St. Lawrence watershed.
Map of Iroquois expansion, 1711. By the mid-18th century, the Iroquois Confederacy had expanded from Upstate New York to the Ohio Country.
The Cherokee, c. 1762. The Cherokee were subject to diplomatic efforts from the British and French in order to gain their support or neutrality in the event of a conflict.
Roland-Michel Barrin de La Galissonière, the Governor of New France sent an expedition in 1749 into the Ohio Country in an attempt to assert French sovereignty.
Map of European colonies in North America, c. 1750. Disputes over territorial claims persisted after the end of King George's War in 1748.
Fort Le Boeuf in 1754. In the spring of 1753, the French began to build a series of forts in the Ohio Country.
In 1754, George Washington, of the Virginia Regiment, was dispatched to warn the French to leave Virginian territory.
Washington with his war council during the Battle of Fort Necessity. After deliberations, it was decided to withdraw, and surrender the fort.
In June 1755, the British captured French naval ships sent to provide war matériel to the Acadian and Mi'kmaw militias in Nova Scotia.
British forces under fire from the French and Indian forces at Monongahela, when the Braddock expedition failed to take Fort Duquesne.
British raid on the Acadian settlement of Grimross. Efforts to undermine the French Fortress of Louisbourg resulted in the forcible removal of the Acadians.
In January 1756, John Campbell was named as the new British Commander-in-Chief, North America.
In August 1756, French soldiers and native warriors led by Louis-Joseph de Montcalm successfully attacked Fort Oswego.
Montcalm attempts to stop native warriors from attacking the British. A number of British soldiers were killed after the Siege of Fort William Henry.
British forces besieging the Fortress of Louisbourg. The French fortress fell in July 1758 after a 48-day siege.
A British expedition sent to invade Canada was repulsed by the French at the Battle of Carillon in July 1758.
After a three-month siege of Quebec City, British forces captured the city at the Plains of Abraham.
French authorities surrendering Montreal to British forces in 1760.
The resulting peace dramatically changed the political landscape of North America, with New France ceded to the British and the Spanish.
A copy of the Quebec Act passed in 1774 which addressed a number of grievances held by French Canadians and Indians, although it angered American colonists

Dieskau planned to attack the British encampment at Fort Edward at the upper end of navigation on the Hudson River, but Johnson had strongly fortified it, and Dieskau's Indian support was reluctant to attack.

Portrait by Joshua Reynolds, c. 1766

John Burgoyne

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British general, dramatist and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1761 to 1792.

British general, dramatist and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1761 to 1792.

Portrait by Joshua Reynolds, c. 1766
Portrait by Joshua Reynolds, c. 1766
John Burgoyne, 1758, (after Allan Ramsay)
Burgoyne's march on Albany June–October 1777
Surrender of General Burgoyne by John Trumbull
10 Hertford Street, London W1, Burgoyne's home in later life

Burgoyne gained possession of the vital outposts of Fort Ticonderoga (for which he was made a lieutenant-general) and Fort Edward, but, pushing on, decided to break his communications with Quebec, and was eventually hemmed in by a superior force led by American Major General Horatio Gates.