Fort Montgomery (Hudson River)

Fort MontgomeryFort Montgomery State Historic SiteMontgomery and ClintonMontgomery[Fort] Montgomery
Fort Montgomery is a fortification built on the west bank of the Hudson River in Highlands, New York by the Continental Army during the American Revolution.wikipedia
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Hudson River

HudsonNorth RiverHudson River Watershed
Fort Montgomery is a fortification built on the west bank of the Hudson River in Highlands, New York by the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Fort Montgomery was located at the confluence of Popolopen Creek with the Hudson River near Bear Mountain in Orange County, New York.
Also in late 1776, New England militias fortified the river's choke point known as the Hudson Highlands, which included building Fort Clinton and Fort Montgomery on either side of the Hudson and a metal chain between the two.

Hudson River Chain

Great Chainchain across the HudsonGreat West Point Chain
The fortifications included a river battery of six 32-pound cannons, a cable chain supported by a boom across the Hudson River (see Hudson River Chain), and landward redoubts connected by ramparts, all situated on a cliff promontory rising 100 feet (30 m) above the river.
The Americans eventually constructed such obstacles across the river at northern Manhattan, between forts Washington and Lee in 1776; at the newly constructed Fort Montgomery on the West Bank on Popolopen Creek in 1776–1777 south of West Point; a partially completed one at Pollepel Island in 1776–1777 north of West Point; and the Great Chain (1778–1782) between West Point and Constitution Island.

Popolopen

Popolopen CreekPopolopen TorneCamp Popolopen
Fort Montgomery was located at the confluence of Popolopen Creek with the Hudson River near Bear Mountain in Orange County, New York.
Much later, the road north from Hessian Lake to Fort Montgomery once crossed the lower part of the gorge by an iron bridge.

Fort Clinton

ClintonClinton Field
Fort Montgomery and its companion fortification Fort Clinton, on the southern bank of the Popolopen, held a combined garrison of roughly 700 American soldiers.
It was one of a pair of fortifications which straddled the confluence of Popolopen Creek, standing on the south side of Popolopen Gorge, with Fort Montgomery to the north.

Anthony's Nose (Westchester County, New York)

Anthony's NoseAnthony's Nose (Westchester)Anthony de Hooges
The site on the north side of Popolopen Creek across from Anthony's Nose was proposed, and in January 1776, the materials and resources from Fort Constitution were redirected to the construction at the new site.
One of the Hudson River Chains was stretched from Fort Montgomery to the foot of the mountain.

Loyal American Regiment

Loyalist
The land columns attacking from west of the fort consisted of the New York Volunteers, the Loyal American Regiment, Emmerich's Chasseurs, the 57th and the 52nd Regiments of Foot.
The Loyal Americans are best known for being the first British regiment to enter Fort Montgomery in the Hudson Highlands when it was captured during the Battle of Fort Montgomery on October 6, 1777.

Bear Mountain State Park

Bear MountainBear Mountain ParkBear Mountain Trailside Museum
Fort Montgomery is adjacent to the north edge of the park while Iona Island Bird Sanctuary is on the eastern edge in the Hudson River.

Peekskill, New York

PeekskillPeekskill, NYPeeksill
Located on the north bank of the Annsville Creek as it empties into the Hudson, Fort Independence combined with Forts Montgomery and Clinton to defend the Hudson River Valley.

Battles of Saratoga

Battle of SaratogaSaratogaBattle of Bemis Heights
Americans gained the upper hand at the Battle of Bemis Heights and forced the surrender of Burgoyne ten days later at the Battle of Saratoga, when the reinforcements were still far to the south.
Clinton suggested that he could "make a push at [[Fort Montgomery (Hudson River)|[Fort] Montgomery]] in about ten days."

Fort Montgomery, New York

Fort MontgomeryFort Montgomery, NYthe same name
The town is named after the first Fort Montgomery, a fortification of the American Revolution stormed by the British on October 6, 1777.

Highlands, New York

HighlandsTown of Highlands
Fort Montgomery is a fortification built on the west bank of the Hudson River in Highlands, New York by the Continental Army during the American Revolution.

American Revolution

RevolutionRevolutionary WarRevolutionary
Fort Montgomery is a fortification built on the west bank of the Hudson River in Highlands, New York by the Continental Army during the American Revolution.

National Historic Landmark

National Historic Landmark DistrictNational Historic LandmarksNational Historical Landmark
Declared a National Historic Landmark, it is part of the Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area, owned and operated by the state of New York as the Fort Montgomery State Historic Site.

Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area

Hudson River Valley Heritage
Declared a National Historic Landmark, it is part of the Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area, owned and operated by the state of New York as the Fort Montgomery State Historic Site.

New York (state)

New YorkNew York StateNY
Declared a National Historic Landmark, it is part of the Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area, owned and operated by the state of New York as the Fort Montgomery State Historic Site.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
The strategic importance of the ability to control navigation along the Hudson River was obvious to both the Americans and the British from the outbreak of open hostilities.

Battles of Lexington and Concord

Battle of LexingtonBattle of Lexington and ConcordLexington and Concord
A month after the first open armed conflict in Lexington, the Continental Congress resolved on May 25, 1775 to build fortifications in the Hudson highlands for the purpose of protecting and maintaining control of the Hudson River.

Continental Congress

CongressContinental CongressmanDelegate to the Continental Congress
A month after the first open armed conflict in Lexington, the Continental Congress resolved on May 25, 1775 to build fortifications in the Hudson highlands for the purpose of protecting and maintaining control of the Hudson River.

James Clinton

ClintonGeneral James ClintonClinton's Brigade
James Clinton and Christopher Tappan, both lifetime residents of the area, were sent to scout appropriate locations.

West Point, New York

West PointWest Point, NYWest Point, N.Y.
The initial site chosen was further to the north, on Martlaer's Island, across from West Point.

Bastion

bastionsbulwarkbulwarks
Plans for the fort called for four bastions.

Orange County, New York

Orange CountyOrangeOrange County, NY
Fort Montgomery was located at the confluence of Popolopen Creek with the Hudson River near Bear Mountain in Orange County, New York.

Redoubt

tour-reduitartillery emplacementearthen redoubt
The fortifications included a river battery of six 32-pound cannons, a cable chain supported by a boom across the Hudson River (see Hudson River Chain), and landward redoubts connected by ramparts, all situated on a cliff promontory rising 100 feet (30 m) above the river.

Defensive wall

city wallsrampartramparts
The fortifications included a river battery of six 32-pound cannons, a cable chain supported by a boom across the Hudson River (see Hudson River Chain), and landward redoubts connected by ramparts, all situated on a cliff promontory rising 100 feet (30 m) above the river.