Fort Témiscamingue

Fort TemiskamingFort Témiscamingue National Historic SiteObadjiwan-Fort TémiscamingueTimiskaming (Fort Témiscamingue)
Fort Témiscamingue was a trading post from the 17th century in Duhamel-Ouest, Quebec, near Ville-Marie, Canada, located on the fur trade route on the east shore of Lake Timiskaming.wikipedia
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Duhamel-Ouest

Duhamel-Ouest, Quebec
Fort Témiscamingue was a trading post from the 17th century in Duhamel-Ouest, Quebec, near Ville-Marie, Canada, located on the fur trade route on the east shore of Lake Timiskaming.
Located at a narrows of Lake Timiskaming, Duhamel-Ouest is home to the Fort Témiscamingue, a National Historic Site of Canada.

Lake Timiskaming

Lake TemiskamingLake TemiscamingTimiskaming
Fort Témiscamingue was a trading post from the 17th century in Duhamel-Ouest, Quebec, near Ville-Marie, Canada, located on the fur trade route on the east shore of Lake Timiskaming. Since Lake Timiskaming is at the northwest "corner" of the Ottawa River where its course turns from west to southeast, the lake is a natural site for a trading post.
For the trading post and some history see Fort Témiscamingue.

Ottawa River

OttawaOttawa valleya major waterway
Since Lake Timiskaming is at the northwest "corner" of the Ottawa River where its course turns from west to southeast, the lake is a natural site for a trading post.
The main trading posts along the river were: Lachine, Fort Coulonge, Lac des Allumettes, Mattawa House, where west-bound canoes left the river and Fort Témiscamingue.

Hudson Bay expedition (1686)

Hudson Bay expeditiona French expeditionan expedition
The Hudson Bay expedition (1686) was the first European group to use the route.
North of Fort Témiscamingue the route had not been explored by white men.

Trading post

trading poststrade postfactory
Fort Témiscamingue was a trading post from the 17th century in Duhamel-Ouest, Quebec, near Ville-Marie, Canada, located on the fur trade route on the east shore of Lake Timiskaming.

Ville-Marie, Quebec

Ville-MarieBaie des Pères (Ville-Marie)Ville Marie
Fort Témiscamingue was a trading post from the 17th century in Duhamel-Ouest, Quebec, near Ville-Marie, Canada, located on the fur trade route on the east shore of Lake Timiskaming.

Fur trade

fur tradingfur traderfur trapper
Fort Témiscamingue was a trading post from the 17th century in Duhamel-Ouest, Quebec, near Ville-Marie, Canada, located on the fur trade route on the east shore of Lake Timiskaming.

National Historic Sites of Canada

National Historic Site of CanadaNational Historic SiteHistoric Sites and Monuments Board of Canada
The fort is a National Historic Site, operated as part of the national park system by Parks Canada, in partnership with the Timiskaming First Nation.

Parks Canada

Canadian Parks ServiceDominion Parks BranchNational Parks
The fort is a National Historic Site, operated as part of the national park system by Parks Canada, in partnership with the Timiskaming First Nation.

Timiskaming, Quebec

TimiskamingTimiskaming First NationTimiskaming First Nation.
The fort is a National Historic Site, operated as part of the national park system by Parks Canada, in partnership with the Timiskaming First Nation.

James Bay

JamesbayJames Bay Rivers
It was on the main canoe route from Hudson Bay to the Saint Lawrence (James Bay, Moose Factory, Abitibi River, Lake Abitibi, portage, Lake Timiskaming, Ottawa River southeast to Montreal).

Moose Factory

Moose Factory, OntarioMoose FortFort St. Louis
It was on the main canoe route from Hudson Bay to the Saint Lawrence (James Bay, Moose Factory, Abitibi River, Lake Abitibi, portage, Lake Timiskaming, Ottawa River southeast to Montreal).

Abitibi River

Abitibi
It was on the main canoe route from Hudson Bay to the Saint Lawrence (James Bay, Moose Factory, Abitibi River, Lake Abitibi, portage, Lake Timiskaming, Ottawa River southeast to Montreal).

Lake Abitibi

Abitibi LakeAbitibi
It was on the main canoe route from Hudson Bay to the Saint Lawrence (James Bay, Moose Factory, Abitibi River, Lake Abitibi, portage, Lake Timiskaming, Ottawa River southeast to Montreal).

Hudson Bay

Hudson's BayHudsonBaie d'Hudson
Circa 1679, Montreal merchants established a fort on the west side of Lake Timiskaming to compete with the English posts on the Hudson Bay, but it was destroyed by the Iroquois in 1688.

Iroquois

Iroquois ConfederacyHaudenosauneeSix Nations
Circa 1679, Montreal merchants established a fort on the west side of Lake Timiskaming to compete with the English posts on the Hudson Bay, but it was destroyed by the Iroquois in 1688.

Algonquin people

AlgonquinAlgonquinsAlgonquin Nation
In 1720, a new Fort Témiscamingue was founded by French merchants on the east side of The Narrows where the two shores of Lake Timiskaming come closer than 250 m to each other, a former Algonquin encampment site called "Obadjiwan Point" (meaning "the strait where the current flows").

North West Company

XY CompanyNorthwest CompanyNorthwest Fur Company
After the fall of New France the post was re-occupied by independent traders, the North West Company (1788) and the Hudson's Bay Company (1821).

Hudson's Bay Company

Hudson’s Bay CompanyHBCHudson Bay Company
After the fall of New France the post was re-occupied by independent traders, the North West Company (1788) and the Hudson's Bay Company (1821).

George Simpson (HBC administrator)

George SimpsonSir George SimpsonGeorge Simpson (administrator)
At the insistence of George Simpson (administrator) it was supplied from Moose Factory rather than the more efficient Montreal.

Catholic Church

Roman CatholicCatholicRoman Catholic Church
A Roman Catholic mission originally established at Fort Témiscamingue on the eastern shore of Lake Timiskaming in present-day Quebec was relocated to the Ontario shore of the lake in 1863.

Abitibi-Témiscamingue

AbitibiAbitibi-Temiscamingue08
Fort Témiscamingue, located on the east banks of Lake Timiskaming and erected by a French merchant on Anicinabeg lands in 1720, was an important crossroads of the fur trade along the Hudson Bay trading route.