Fort Yuma

Fort Yuma in 1875

Fort in California located in Imperial County, across the Colorado River from Yuma, Arizona.

- Fort Yuma

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Yuma, Arizona

City in and the county seat of Yuma County, Arizona, United States.

Fort Yuma, California, circa 1875
Steamboats on the Colorado River at Yuma, circa 1880
Yuma Crossing in 1886. The railway bridge over the Colorado River was built in 1877.
An aerial photo showing how the area around Yuma is highly agricultural in nature.
Farming near Yuma in 2011.
Downtown Yuma with a Mexican Consulate on the left.
E.F. Sanguinetti Home, a museum run by the Arizona Historical Society
A meeting of the City Council of Yuma.
4th Avenue Junior High School
Carpe Diem e-Learning Community, now Desert View Middle & High School

Following the United States establishing Fort Yuma, two towns developed one mile downriver.

Imperial County, California

County in the U.S. state of California.

Juan Bautista de Anza's famous expedition passed through the area in 1775.
Blue Angels
Mid-Winter Fair in Imperial, CA
The Algodones Dunes
Bighorn sheep at Palm Canyon in Anza-Borrego State Park
Mesquite Point at Imperial NWR
State Route 86 north of Salton City

Fort Yuma is located on the banks of the Colorado River in Winterhaven, California.

2nd Infantry Regiment (United States)

Infantry regiment in the United States Army that has served for more than two hundred years.

2nd Infantry Regiment coat of arms
Spc. Nancy Vega, a truck driver with E Company, 2nd Battalion, 2nd Infantry Regiment, 3rd IBCT, conducts a radio check at FOB Apache

Between 1849 and 1853 the regiment was in California occupying stations from Goose Lake on the north to Fort Yuma on the south and the Pacific Ocean on the west and the Sierra Nevada Mountains on the east, scouting, providing protection for the '49ers and fighting throughout the entire area.

Yuma Crossing

Site in Arizona and California that is significant for its association with transportation and communication across the Colorado River.

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Features on the California Side include Fort Yuma, which protected the area from 1850 to 1885.

San Diego

Major city in the U.S. state of California on the coast of the Pacific Ocean and immediately adjacent to the Mexican border.

The Kumeyaay, also known as the Diegueño, have inhabited the area of San Diego for thousands of years.
San Diego's namesake is the 15th-century Spanish saint Didacus of Alcalá.
José María Estudillo served as commandant of the Presidio of San Diego and founded the Estudillo family, a powerful San Diego clan of Californios.
The 1846 Battle of San Pasqual was a decisive battle between American and Californio forces during the U.S. Conquest of California.
The namesake of Horton Plaza, Alonzo Horton developed "New Town," which became Downtown San Diego.
Balboa Park on the cover of a guidebook for the World Exposition of 1915
Satellite view of San Diego and Tijuana, Mexico
Mission Valley facing Northwest, taken from Arista Street. Mission Bay can be seen in the distance.
Normal Heights, a neighborhood of San Diego
San Diego skyline, seen in January 2021
Surfers at Pacific Beach
Coastal canyon in Torrey Pines State Reserve
San Diego viewed against the Witch Creek Fire smoke
Map of racial distribution in San Diego, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:
A U.S. Navy vice admiral and an intelligence specialist celebrating Hispanic American Heritage Month in San Diego
USS Midway museum ship
F/A-18 Hornet flying over San Diego and the USS John C. Stennis
View on Harbor Drive
Downtown San Diego, as seen from Coronado Island
Qualcomm corporate headquarters
Official portrait of Mayor Todd Gloria
San Diego City Council chambers
San Diego Police Department car in the city center
San Diego State University's Hepner Hall
University of California, San Diego's Geisel Library, named for Theodor Seuss Geisel ("Dr. Seuss")
The Museum of Us
Petco Park, home of the Padres since 2004
I-5 looking south toward downtown San Diego
View of Coronado and San Diego from the air
Cross Border Xpress bridge from the terminal in San Diego on the right to the main terminal of Tijuana Airport on the left

In 1850, William Heath Davis promoted a new development by the bay shore called "New San Diego", several miles south of the original settlement; however, for several decades the new development consisted only of a pier, a few houses and an Army depot for the support of Fort Yuma.

California Column

Force of Union volunteers sent to Arizona and New Mexico during the American Civil War.

Route of the Column

They started out from Fort Yuma along the Colorado River.

Samuel P. Heintzelman

United States Army general.

His expedition established Fort Yuma and peace was made in October, 1852.

Confederate Arizona

Organized incorporated territory of the Confederate States that existed from August 1, 1861 to May 26, 1865, when the Confederate States Army Trans-Mississippi Department, commanded by General Edmund Kirby Smith, was surrendered at Shreveport, Louisiana.

Map of the Confederate States with Arizona Territory highlighted
1861 map showing the Confederate Arizona Territory
Arizona Guards
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Raising the Confederate flag in Tucson.

On March 30, Union forces fought a smaller engagement against a detachment of Company A, Arizona Rangers, a Confederate force destroying supply depots along the California Column route of advance on the Gila River, 80 miles east of its base at Fort Yuma.

Colorado River

One of the principal rivers (along with the Rio Grande) in the Southwestern United States and northern Mexico.

Headwaters of the Colorado River in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado
Colorado River in the Grand Canyon seen from Pima Point, near Hermit's Rest
Satellite view of the Colorado River valley near Yuma, Arizona; interstate 8 runs from left to right just below center.
Colorado River as it exits the United States into Mexico beneath the San Luis Colorado-Colonia Miguel Aléman Bridge (September 2009)
The San Juan River near Mexican Hat, Utah
The Green River at Mineral Bottom, just north of Canyonlands National Park
Annual Colorado River discharge volumes at Lee's Ferry between 1895 and 2004
Map showing the Upper and Lower Colorado River Basin, and adjacent areas supplied by Colorado River water.
The Black Suspension Bridge crosses the Colorado River in the Grand Canyon at Phantom Ranch, Arizona.
Remnants of basalt flows from the Uinkaret volcanic field are seen here descending into the Grand Canyon, where they dammed the Colorado over 10 times in the past 2 million years.
Navajo woman and child, photographed by Ansel Adams, c. 1944
Pueblos and cliff dwellings such as this one in New Mexico were inhabited by people of the Colorado River basin between 2,000 and 700 years ago.
Two Mohave warriors beside the Colorado River in 1871
La conquista del Colorado, by Augusto Ferrer-Dalmau, depicts Francisco Vázquez de Coronado's 1540–1542 expedition
Coronado Sets Out to the North, by Frederic Remington, c. 1905
Lithograph of Fort Yuma, c. 1875
Marble Canyon, one of the many gorges that Powell's expedition traversed
The steamboat Mohave No. 2 at Yuma, c. 1876
John D. Lee, date and photographer unknown. He established a permanent ferry across the Colorado.
Harrison Gray Otis, president of the Colorado River Land Company
Hoover Dam releasing water in 1998
The Grand Ditch, one of the earliest water diversions of the Colorado River, is still in use today.
Hoover Dam under construction, 1934
The Imperial Dam (bottom right) diverts water into the All-American Canal (center) running towards Imperial Valley.
Glen Canyon Dam, the largest dam of the Colorado River Storage Project
The main canal of the Central Arizona Project, crossing the Sonoran Desert
Lake Mead in 2010, showing the "bathtub ring" left behind by low water levels
Heavily forested banks of the Colorado River near Topock, Arizona
The Colorado was named for the reddish color caused by its natural sediment loads, but damming the river has caused it to acquire a clear green hue as seen here in lower Glen Canyon.
A rafting party on the Colorado River

Lorenzo Sitgreaves led the first Corps of Topographical Engineers mission across northern Arizona to the Colorado River (near modern Bullhead City, Arizona), and down its east bank to the river crossings of the Southern Immigrant Trail at Fort Yuma in 1851.

Fort Yuma Indian Reservation

Part of the traditional lands of the Quechan people.

Established in 1884 from the former Fort Yuma, the reservation, at 32.78444°N, -114.64528°W, has a land area of 178.197 km2 in southeastern Imperial County, California, and western Yuma County, Arizona, near the city of Yuma, Arizona.