Fourth Labour Government of New Zealand

Fourth Labour GovernmentLabour governmentFourth LabourgovernmentFourth Labor Government of New ZealandLange governmentFourth Labour GovernmentsLabourLabour CabinetLange Labour
The Fourth Labour Government of New Zealand governed New Zealand from 26 July 1984 to 2 November 1990.wikipedia
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Roger Douglas

Sir Roger DouglasDouglas, Sir Roger DouglasRoger Owen Douglas
The economic reforms became known as "Rogernomics", after Finance Minister Roger Douglas.
He became arguably best known for his prominent role in New Zealand's radical economic restructuring in the 1980s, when the Fourth Labour Government's economic policy became known as "Rogernomics".

David Lange

LangeMargaret PopeDavid '''Lange
David Lange led the government for most of its two three-year terms in office.
Some of the measures he took were controversial; the free-market ethos of the Fourth Labour Government did not always conform to traditional expectations of a social-democratic party.

Fourth National Government of New Zealand

Fourth National GovernmentNational governmentFourth National
The government suffered a defeat at the 1990 general election, but the incoming National government retained most of the reforms.
Following in the footsteps of the previous Labour government, the fourth National government embarked on an extensive programme of spending cuts.

Rogernomics

1988Douglas reformseconomic reforms
The economic reforms became known as "Rogernomics", after Finance Minister Roger Douglas.
Douglas was Minister of Finance in the Fourth Labour Government of New Zealand.

New Zealand Post

New Zealand Post LimitedNZ PostPost Office
In 1985, the Labour Party government under Prime Minister David Lange launched a review, led by New Zealand Motor Corporation CEO Roy Mason and KPMG New Zealand Chairman Michael Morris, to find solutions to the Post Office's problems.

Geoffrey Palmer (politician)

Geoffrey PalmerPalmerSir Geoffrey Palmer
He was replaced with Geoffrey Palmer, a Lange supporter and constitutional lawyer.
He served as the 33rd Prime Minister of New Zealand for a little over a year, from August 1989 until September 1990, leading the Fourth Labour Government.

Agricultural subsidy

agricultural subsidiesfarm subsidiessubsidies
New Zealand is reputed to have the most open agricultural markets in the world after radical reforms started in 1984 by the Fourth Labour Government stopped all subsidies.

Royal Commission on the Electoral System

Royal Commissiondid
The decision to form the Royal Commission was taken by the Fourth Labour government, after the Labour party had received more votes, yet won fewer seats than the National Party in both the 1978 and 1981 elections.

Goods and Services Tax (New Zealand)

GSTGoods and Services Taxdoods and services tax
GST was introduced by the Fourth Labour Government of New Zealand on 1 October 1986 at a rate of 10% on most goods and services.

ANZUS

ANZUS TreatyANZUS PactAustralia, New Zealand, United States Security Treaty
The Labour government also enacted nuclear-free legislation, which led to the United States suspending its treaty obligations to New Zealand under the ANZUS alliance.
The Labor left-wing faction also strongly sympathized with the New Zealand Fourth Labour Government's anti-nuclear policy and supported a South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone.

New Zealand Maori Council v Attorney-General

New Zealand Maori Council'' v ''Attorney-General
The Fourth Labour Government was embarking on a programme of commercialisation of government departments and on 1 April 1987 the State-Owned Enterprises Act 1986 came into force.

1984 New Zealand general election

1984 election19841984 general election
The fourth Labour government was brought into office by a landslide victory in the 1984 election.
It marked the beginning of the Fourth Labour Government, with David Lange's Labour Party defeating the long-serving Prime Minister, Robert Muldoon, of the National Party.

Koro Wētere

Koro Tainui WētereKoro WetereWētere, Koro
However divisions had already emerged in January and February 1987 over the Māori loan affair, with only two other ministers supporting the proposal of Lange and Palmer that Koro Wētere should resign as Minister of Maori Affairs and from his seat in Parliament, with a consequent election-year by-election.
He served as Minister of Māori Affairs in the Fourth Labour Government (1984–1990).

Constitution Act 1986

Constitution Act1986New Zealand Constitution Act 1986
After the 1984 election, there was an awkward transfer of power from the outgoing Third National government to the new Fourth Labour government in the midst of a financial crisis.

Resource Management Act 1991

Resource Management ActMitigationmitigate
In the 1987 election the fourth Labour Government won a second term in office and deputy prime minister Geoffrey Palmer became the Minister for the Environment.

Oranga Tamariki Act 1989

Children, Young Persons, and Their Families Act 1989
The Children, Young Persons, and Their Families Act 1989 is one of the most significant pieces of social-service reform of the Fourth Labor Government of New Zealand: it repealed the Children and Young Persons Act 1974 which was legalized by the Third Labor Government of New Zealand.

New Zealand Labour Party

Labour PartyLabourLabour Government
It was the first Labour government to win a second consecutive term since the First Labour Government of 1935 to 1949.

Mike Moore (New Zealand politician)

Mike MooreMooreMichael Kenneth Moore
However he lacked the charisma to attract voters, and shortly before the 1990 election he was replaced by Mike Moore.
In the Fourth Labour Government of New Zealand he served in several portfolios including Minister of Foreign Affairs, and became the Prime Minister for 59 days before the October 1990 general election.

Jim Anderton

Anderton, JimJames Patrick Anderton
After being defeated in his bid for the party presidency, Jim Anderton quit the party to form NewLabour; which stood for Labour's traditional socialist values.
However, he soon came into conflict with the party's leadership, and became an outspoken critic of the Fourth Labour Government's free-market reforms, called Rogernomics.

Principles of the Treaty of Waitangi

Principles of the Treatyprinciples
There was great concern at that time about the ongoing restructuring of the New Zealand economy by the then Fourth Labour Government, specifically the transfer of assets from former Government departments to State-owned enterprises.

Ann Hercus

(Margaret) Ann HercusDame Ann Hercus DCMGHon. Dame Ann Hercus
When Fourth Labour Government was formed in 1984, Hercus was appointed the Minister of Social Welfare, Minister of Police and Women's Affairs.

Māori loan affair

Maori loan affair
However divisions had already emerged in January and February 1987 over the Māori loan affair, with only two other ministers supporting the proposal of Lange and Palmer that Koro Wētere should resign as Minister of Maori Affairs and from his seat in Parliament, with a consequent election-year by-election.
Members of the Fourth Labour Government were divided on the action to be taken, with Prime Minister David Lange, Lange's staff, and his deputy Geoffrey Palmer wanting the resignation of Koro Wētere as Minister of Māori Affairs and from his seat in Parliament (Wētere would then face a by-election in an election year), though Cabinet decided against this on 9 February.

Michael Bassett

Bassett, MichaelMichael Edward Rainton BassettBassett
Michael Bassett commented that the government "whimpered away unlamented, a victim of low commodity prices that delayed economic recovery, but more particularly of catastrophically poor leadership in its second term".
Michael Edward Rainton Bassett (born 28 August 1938) is a former Labour Party member of the New Zealand House of Representatives and cabinet minister in the reformist fourth Labour government.

New Zealand Nuclear Free Zone, Disarmament, and Arms Control Act 1987

New Zealand Nuclear Free Zone, Disarmament, and Arms Control Actanti-nuclear policyNew Zealand's nuclear-free legislation
Don Brash (National Party leader from 2003 to 2006) talked about repealing the anti-nuclear Act to two visiting United States senators in May 2004, even going so far as to say the ban on nuclear-ship visits would be "gone, by lunchtime even".
In 1987, the Fourth Labour Government passed the New Zealand Nuclear Free Zone, Disarmament and Arms Control Act.

1984 New Zealand constitutional crisis

constitutional crisis1984 constitutional crisisa constitutional crisis
There was also a major run on the New Zealand Dollar caused by the constitutional crisis following the election, when outgoing Prime Minister Robert Muldoon refused to devalue the New Zealand dollar.
On 14 July, Muldoon and National lost the general election, and the Fourth Labour government led by David Lange was sworn in on 26 July.