Fourth National Government of New Zealand

Fourth National GovernmentNational governmentFourth NationalgovernmentBolger National governmentan uneasy coalitionBolger governmentcoalition governmentcoalition government with Nationalfourth
The Fourth National Government of New Zealand (also known as the Bolger–Shipley Government) was the government of New Zealand from 2 November 1990 to 27 November 1999.wikipedia
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Fourth Labour Government of New Zealand

Fourth Labour GovernmentLabour governmentFourth Labour
Following in the footsteps of the previous Labour government, the fourth National government embarked on an extensive programme of spending cuts.
The government suffered a defeat at the 1990 general election, but the incoming National government retained most of the reforms.

Jim Bolger

BolgerJames BolgerJames Brendan Bolger
Following electoral reforms in the 1996 election, Jim Bolger formed a coalition with New Zealand First.
The Fourth National Government was elected on the promise of delivering a "Decent Society" following the previous Labour government's economic reforms, known as "Rogernomics", which Bolger criticised.

Ruthanasia

This programme, popularly known as "Ruthanasia" after Finance Minister Ruth Richardson, involved the reduction of social welfare benefits and the introduction of fees for healthcare and tertiary education.
Ruthanasia, a portmanteau of "Ruth" and "euthanasia", is the pejorative name (typically used by opponents) given to the period of free-market policies conducted during the first term of the fourth National government in New Zealand, from 1990 to 1993.

Jenny Shipley

ShipleyJennifer Mary ShipleyDame Jenny Shipley
Following Bolger's resignation, the government was led by Jenny Shipley, the country's first female Prime Minister, for the final two years.
She inherited an uneasy coalition with New Zealand First, led by Winston Peters.

Bill Birch

Birch, BillMinister of Energy, Science and TechnologySir William ("Bill") Birch
Subsequently, Richardson was replaced as Finance Minister by Bill Birch, and left politics.
He served as Minister of Finance for several years in the fourth National government.

Treaty of Waitangi claims and settlements

Treaty of Waitangi settlementstreaty settlementTreaty of Waitangi settlement
Also controversial, but in a different way, was the beginning of the Treaty settlement process.
The Minister of Justice and Treaty Negotiations at the time, Sir Douglas Graham, is credited with leading a largely conservative National government to make these breakthroughs.

New Zealand First

NZ FirstNew Zealand First Party NZ First
Following electoral reforms in the 1996 election, Jim Bolger formed a coalition with New Zealand First.
At the time of its formation, New Zealand First's policy platform was broadly conservative—Peters claimed to be reviving National policies from which the Bolger government had departed.

Tranz Rail

New Zealand Rail LimitedNew Zealand RailTranzRail
In 1993 the government sold New Zealand Rail Limited to a consortium led by Fay, Richwhite and Company for $400 million.
The Bolger National government, elected following the defeat of the fourth Labour government in elections held in October 1990, privatised New Zealand Rail Limited in 1993.

Radio New Zealand

RNZNew Zealand Broadcasting ServiceRadio NZ
The same year the commercial arm of Radio New Zealand was sold to Clear Channel forming The Radio Network.
As part of the process of privatisation carried out by the fourth National government, the government's commercial radio operations were sold to private investors as The Radio Network in 1996 and the government's non-commercial assets (known previously as New Zealand Public Radio) became the current Radio New Zealand Crown entity.

State housing

state housestate housesstate-housing
Unemployment and other benefits were substantially cut, and 'market rents' were introduced for state houses, in some cases tripling the rents of low-income people.
In 1991 the fourth National government raised state house rentals to "market levels" amid much controversy.

Accident Compensation Corporation

ACCMinister for ACCAccident Compensation Commission
In 1999 the Accident Compensation Corporation was exposed to competition, albeit only for one year.
From 1 July 1999, the fourth National government allowed private insurance operators to provide work-related accident insurance, and ACC was briefly exposed to competition.

New Zealand National Party

National PartyNationalThe National Party
For the first six years, the National Party governed alone under the leadership of Jim Bolger.
In contrast, the Fourth National Government (1990–1999) mostly carried on the sweeping free-market reforms of the Fourth Labour Government known as Rogernomics (after Labour's finance minister Sir Roger Douglas).

Winston Peters

Rt Hon Winston PetersPeters, Winston Winston Peters
New Zealand First was founded by Winston Peters, a former National cabinet minister who had been dismissed by Jim Bolger in 1991 after criticising party policy.
Peters first served as a Cabinet minister when Jim Bolger led the National Party to victory in 1990.

New Zealand Media and Entertainment

The Radio NetworkNZMENZME Radio
The same year the commercial arm of Radio New Zealand was sold to Clear Channel forming The Radio Network.
NZME Radio began as The Radio Network in 1996 when the commercial radio activities of Radio New Zealand were divested by the fourth National government as part of the Ruthanasia free market economic policies of that government.

Ruth Richardson

Hon Ruth RichardsonRichardson, Ruth
This programme, popularly known as "Ruthanasia" after Finance Minister Ruth Richardson, involved the reduction of social welfare benefits and the introduction of fees for healthcare and tertiary education.
* Fourth National Government of New Zealand

1999 New Zealand general election

1999 election19991999 general election
This marked an end to nine years of the Fourth National Government, and the beginning of the Fifth Labour Government which would govern for nine years in turn, until its loss to the National Party in the 2008 general election.

Fay Richwhite

Fay, Richwhite & CompanyFay, RichwhiteFay, Richwhite and Company
In 1993 the government sold New Zealand Rail Limited to a consortium led by Fay, Richwhite and Company for $400 million.
The Bolger National government privatised New Zealand Rail Limited in 1993.

Helen Clark

ClarkClark, HelenHelen Elizabeth Clark
Leader of the opposition Helen Clark spoke after announcement of the coalition which had been reached stating, "I think it is a disappointment to every New Zealander who voted for a government of change on October 12. I think many will see it as a betrayal and most will find it very difficult to understand."
She led the Labour Party in opposition to the National-led government of Jim Bolger (1990–1997) and Jenny Shipley (1997–1999).

Resource Management Act 1991

Resource Management ActMitigationmitigate
The Resource Management Act 1991 ('RMA') completely overhauled New Zealand's system of planning.
In 1994, the Fourth National Government regarded the RMA as one of its policies to mitigate climate change.

Lockwood Smith

Sir Lockwood SmithSmith, LockwoodAlexander Lockwood Smith
Smith served as Minister of Education from 1990 until 1996 in the Fourth National Government of New Zealand.

Tau Henare

Henare, TauTau Henare, Jr.
However several New Zealand First MPs, including deputy leader Tau Henare and most of the ministers, opted to leave the party and continue to support National.
When New Zealand First went into coalition with National, allowing a third term of the fourth National government, Henare joined the Cabinet, with his most prominent ministry that of Māori Affairs.

1990 New Zealand general election

1990 election19901990 general election
National won nearly half (48%) of the vote and 67 (69%) of the seats, becoming the fourth National government.

Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand

Fifth Labour GovernmentLabour GovernmentFifth Labour
The previous government, the fourth National government, had been in power since 1990.

Paul East

Paul Clayton EastEast, Paul
East served in a number of ministerial roles, including those of Minister of Defence and Attorney-General in the fourth National government.

Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management (New Zealand)

Civil DefenceMinister of Civil DefenceMinistry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management
A new Ministry for Emergency Management was established under the [[Fourth National Government of New Zealand#The National-New Zealand First Coalition|National/New Zealand First Coalition Government]] by Civil Defence Minister Jack Elder on 1 July 1999, following the Review of Emergency Services.