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Hypertext Transfer Protocol

HTTPHTTP requestGET
Clients are not supposed to send URI fragments to servers when they retrieve a document, and without help from a local application (see below) fragments do not participate in HTTP redirections. When an agent (such as a web browser) requests a web resource from a web server, the agent sends the URI to the server, but does not send the fragment.
└─┬─┘ └───────────┬────────────────────────┘└─┬─────────────┘└────────┬──────────────────┘└┬─┘ scheme authority path query fragment

Query string

queryquery parameter?
The generic RFC 3986 syntax for URIs also allows an optional query part introduced by a question mark .
Some characters cannot be part of a URL (for example, the space) and some other characters have a special meaning in a URL: for example, the character can be used to further specify a subsection (or fragment) of a document.

Number sign

#hash symbolhash
The hash-mark separator in URIs is not part of the fragment identifier.

Uniform Resource Identifier

URIURI schemeURIs
The primary resource is identified by a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI), and the fragment identifier points to the subordinate resource.

Web resource

resourceelectronic resourceselectronic resource
When an agent (such as a web browser) requests a web resource from a web server, the agent sends the URI to the server, but does not send the fragment.
It had been suggested that an HTTP URI identifying a resource in the original sense, such as a file, document, or any kind of so-called information resource, should be "slash" URIs — in other words, should not contain a fragment identifier, whereas a URI used to identify a concept or abstract resource should be a "hash" URI using a fragment identifier.

URL

URLsUniform Resource Locatorweb address
The fragment identifier introduced by a hash mark is the optional last part of a URL for a document.

Resource Description Framework

RDFResource Description Framework (RDF)RDF feed
Note that this is not a 'bare' resource identifier, but is rather a URI reference, containing the '#' character and ending with a fragment identifier.

Google Video

Google Video PlayerGVIVideo Player
Permalinks to a certain point in a video were also possible, in the format of # XX h YY m ZZ s (that is, with a fragment identifier containing a timestamp).

Single-page application

single page applicationsingle-page web applicationsingle-page applications
The page does not reload at any point in the process, nor does control transfer to another page, although the location hash or the HTML5 History API can be used to provide the perception and navigability of separate logical pages in the application.

Hypertext

hypertextualityhypertext markupmetatext
In computer hypertext, a fragment identifier is a string of characters that refers to a resource that is subordinate to another, primary resource.

String (computer science)

stringstringscharacter string
In computer hypertext, a fragment identifier is a string of characters that refers to a resource that is subordinate to another, primary resource.

Character (computing)

charactercharacterstext
In computer hypertext, a fragment identifier is a string of characters that refers to a resource that is subordinate to another, primary resource.

System resource

resourcesresourcesystem resources
In computer hypertext, a fragment identifier is a string of characters that refers to a resource that is subordinate to another, primary resource.

Media type

MIME typeInternet media typecontent type
Fragments depend on the document MIME type and are evaluated by the client (web browser).

Web browser

browserweb browsersinternet browser
Fragments depend on the document MIME type and are evaluated by the client (web browser).

Client (computing)

clientclientsclient software
The fragment identifier functions differently to the rest of the URI: its processing is exclusively client-sided with no participation from the web server, though the server typically helps to determine the MIME type, and the MIME type determines the processing of fragments.

Web server

web serverswebserverHTTP server
The fragment identifier functions differently to the rest of the URI: its processing is exclusively client-sided with no participation from the web server, though the server typically helps to determine the MIME type, and the MIME type determines the processing of fragments.

User agent

user-agentuser agent stringuser agents
When an agent (such as a web browser) requests a web resource from a web server, the agent sends the URI to the server, but does not send the fragment.