Demonstration of a German stielhandgranate (shaft hand grenade), a high explosive grenade with time fuze, the Netherlands, 1946.
Ammunition rigged for an IED discovered by Iraqi police in Baghdad in November 2005
Grooved body of a Second World War-era U.S. Mk 2 grenade. The grooves covering the exterior of the grenade are used to aid in the gripping of the grenade when throwing.
M67 fragmentation grenade, a modern (1968-present) hand grenade in the US
This Cougar in Al Anbar, Iraq, was hit by a directed charge IED, approximately 90 –.
Diagram of S-mine in the delivery of steel ball fragments
Hand grenades filled with Greek fire; surrounded by caltrops. (10th–12th centuries National Historical Museum, Athens, Greece)
X-ray of a suitcase showing a pipe bomb and a laptop.
An illustration of a fragmentation bomb from the 14th century Ming Dynasty text Huolongjing. The black dots represent iron pellets.
Mongolian grenade attack on Japanese during Yuan dynasty.
Improvised explosive device in Iraq. The concave copper shape on top defines an explosively formed penetrator/projectile
Seven ceramic hand grenades of the 17th Century found in Ingolstadt Germany
Artillery shells and gasoline cans discovered in the back of a pick-up truck in Iraq
Early artillery shell, with the fragments it would generate. 1900
An illustration of a fragmentation bomb known as the 'divine bone dissolving fire oil bomb' (lan gu huo you shen pao) from the Huolongjing. The black dots represent iron pellets.
A U.S. Marine in Iraq shown with a robot used for disposal of buried devices
Artillery shell fragment from the Gulf War
Earliest known representation of a gun (a fire lance) and a grenade (upper right), Dunhuang, 10th century AD.
Israeli IDF Caterpillar D9 armored bulldozer, which is used by the IDF Combat Engineering Corps for clearing heavy belly charges and booby-trapped buildings.
Grenade fragments in the soft tissue of the lower leg (along with an old fracture of the fibula)
A cross-section of a Ketchum Grenade, used during the American Civil War.
U.S. Marines with Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) destroy an improvised explosive device cache in southern Afghanistan in June 2010.
One of the earliest modern hand grenades. Fielded in the British Army from 1908, it was unsuccessful in the trenches of World War I, and was replaced by the Mills bomb.
A Stryker lies on its side following a buried IED blast in Iraq. (2007)
The Mills bomb – the first modern fragmentation grenade – was used in the trenches from 1915
Oil-drum roadside IED removed from culvert in 1984
Cross section of the Model 24 Stielhandgranate
Wheelbarrow counter-IED robot on streets of Northern Ireland in 1978
World War II-era U.S. Mk 2 grenade
Captured IEDs from a cache left behind by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Syria, 26 January 2019
German DM51 hand grenade with blast core (top) and fragmentation sleeve (bottom)
Diagram of the Mk3A2 concussion grenade
Soviet RPG-43 HEAT grenade
M84 stun grenade (1995–present)
Incendiary grenade
Inert training grenade made from hard rubber
Hand grenade fuze system
M61 grenade (1959-1968), with safety clip around the lever and the bent tip of the safety pin at top
Typical safety pin. A cotter pin with a ring attached
An infantryman throwing a hand grenade during training, 1942
Grenade immediately after being thrown at a practice range. The safety lever has separated in mid-air from the body of the grenade.
Hand grenade converted to booby trap with pull trip wire trigger
Grenade on a kepi of the French Army

Fragmentation is the process by which the casing, shot, or other components of an anti-personnel weapon, bomb, barrel bomb, land mine, IED, artillery, mortar, tank gun, or autocannon shell, rocket, missile, grenade, etc. are dispersed and/or shattered by the detonation of the explosive filler.

- Fragmentation (weaponry)

Their outer casings, generally made of a hard synthetic material or steel, are designed to rupture and fragment on detonation, sending out numerous fragments (shards and splinters) as fast-flying projectiles.

- Grenade

Car bombs can carry thousands of pounds of explosives and may be augmented with shrapnel to increase fragmentation.

- Improvised explosive device

However, they were still used with limited success against lightly-armored mine-resistant ambush protected (MRAP) vehicles, designed for protection only against improvised explosive devices in the Iraqi insurgency in the early 2000s.

- Grenade

A hand grenade with the safety pin removed and safety lever compressed was placed into a container such as a tin can, with a length of string or tripwire attached to the grenade.

- Improvised explosive device
Demonstration of a German stielhandgranate (shaft hand grenade), a high explosive grenade with time fuze, the Netherlands, 1946.

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