Frances Anne Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough

Lady Frances VaneLady Frances Anne Emily VaneDuchess of MarlboroughFrances, Duchess of MarlboroughLady Frances AnneLady Frances Anne Vane
Frances Anne Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, VA (15 April 1822 – 16 April 1899) was an English noblewoman, the wife of British peer and statesman John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough.wikipedia
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Lord Randolph Churchill

Randolph ChurchillLord Randolph Henry Spencer-ChurchillLord
One of her sons, Lord Randolph Churchill was the father of Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill. Lord Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill (13 February 1849 – 24 January 1895), married 15 April 1874 Jennie Jerome, father of Sir Winston Churchill and John Strange Spencer-Churchill.
Born at 3 Wilton Terrace, Belgravia, London, Randolph Spencer was the third son of the 7th Duke of Marlborough, and his wife, Lady Frances Vane.

John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough

The Duke of Marlborough7th Duke of MarlboroughDuke of Marlborough
Frances Anne Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, VA (15 April 1822 – 16 April 1899) was an English noblewoman, the wife of British peer and statesman John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough. On 12 July 1843 at St. George Street, Mayfair, Lady Frances married John Spencer-Churchill, Marquess of Blandford.
On 12 July 1843, Spencer-Churchill married Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane (15 April 1822 – 16 April 1899), eldest daughter of the 3rd Marquess of Londonderry and Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane-Tempest.

George Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough

George Charles Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough8th Duke of MarlboroughLord Blandford
George Charles Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough (13 May 1844 – 9 November 1892)
Marlborough was the eldest son of John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough and Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane, daughter of Charles Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry.

Lady Randolph Churchill

Jennie JeromeJennieJennie Churchill
Lord Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill (13 February 1849 – 24 January 1895), married 15 April 1874 Jennie Jerome, father of Sir Winston Churchill and John Strange Spencer-Churchill.
Jennie Jerome was married for the first time on 15 April 1874, aged 20, at the British Embassy in Paris, to Lord Randolph Churchill, the third son of John Winston Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough and Lady Frances Anne Vane.

Frances Vane, Marchioness of Londonderry

Lady Frances Anne Vane-TempestFrances Anne Emily Vane-TempestLady Londonderry
Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane was born on 15 April 1822 at the Duke of St Albans's house in St James Square, London, the eldest daughter of Irish-born Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry and heiress Lady Frances Anne Vane-Tempest.
Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane (1822–1899); married John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough.

Anne Innes-Ker, Duchess of Roxburghe

Lady Anne Emily Spencer-ChurchillDuchess of RoxburgheThe Duchess of Roxburghe
Lady Anne Emily Spencer-Churchill (Lower Brook Street, Mayfair, London, 14 November 1854 – South Audley Street, Mayfair, London, 20 June 1923), married 11 June 1874 James Innes-Ker, 7th Duke of Roxburghe, by whom she had issue.
She was the fourth daughter of John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough, who served in Conservative governments as Lord President of the Council and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and his wife, Lady Frances Vane, daughter of the 3rd Marquess of Londonderry.

George Vane-Tempest, 5th Marquess of Londonderry

Viscount SeahamMarquess of LondonderryGeorge Vane-Tempest
She had three brothers, including George Vane-Tempest, 5th Marquess of Londonderry, and two younger sisters.
The sister of the 5th Marquess, Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane (1822–1899) married John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough, and was the mother of Lord Randolph Churchill and grandmother of Winston Churchill.

Sarah Wilson (war correspondent)

Lady Sarah Isabella Augusta Spencer-ChurchillLady Sarah WilsonLady Sarah Isabella Churchill
Lady Sarah Isabella Augusta Spencer-Churchill (1865 – 22 October 1929), a war correspondent during the Boer War; married 21 November 1891 Lt. Col. Gordon Chesney Wilson (son of Sir Samuel Wilson, MP)
Born on 4 July 1865 at Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, Lady Sarah Spencer-Churchill was the youngest of the 11 children of John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough (1822–1883), and his wife, Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane (1822–1899), daughter of the 3rd Marquess of Londonderry.

Charles Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry

3rd Marquess of LondonderryHon. Charles William StewartCharles Stewart
Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane was born on 15 April 1822 at the Duke of St Albans's house in St James Square, London, the eldest daughter of Irish-born Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry and heiress Lady Frances Anne Vane-Tempest.
Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane (1822–1899); married John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough.

Winston Churchill

ChurchillSir Winston ChurchillChurchill, Winston
One of her sons, Lord Randolph Churchill was the father of Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill. Lord Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill (13 February 1849 – 24 January 1895), married 15 April 1874 Jennie Jerome, father of Sir Winston Churchill and John Strange Spencer-Churchill.

Blenheim Palace

BlenheimBlenheim EstateBlenheim Great Park
She had a total of 11 children, and her principal home was the monumental Blenheim Palace, which she rejuvenated with her "lavish and exciting entertainments", and transformed into a "social and political focus for the life of the nation". Upon her marriage she was styled Marchioness of Blandford. The couple made their principal home at the Spencer-Churchill family seat of Blenheim Palace in Woodstock, Oxfordshire.

Irish Famine (1879)

1879 famine1879 Irish famine1879
She was invested as a Lady of the Royal Order of Victoria and Albert for her efforts at famine relief in Ireland.

William Beauclerk, 8th Duke of St Albans

8th Duke of St AlbansDuke of St Albans
Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane was born on 15 April 1822 at the Duke of St Albans's house in St James Square, London, the eldest daughter of Irish-born Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry and heiress Lady Frances Anne Vane-Tempest.

St James's Square

St. James SquareSt. James's SquareSt James Square
Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane was born on 15 April 1822 at the Duke of St Albans's house in St James Square, London, the eldest daughter of Irish-born Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry and heiress Lady Frances Anne Vane-Tempest.

Baptism

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At her baptism, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington stood as her godfather.

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Duke of WellingtonWellingtonArthur Wellesley
At her baptism, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington stood as her godfather.

Godparent

godfathergodmothergodson
At her baptism, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington stood as her godfather.

Frederick Stewart, 4th Marquess of Londonderry

Viscount CastlereaghFrederick Stewart, Viscount CastlereaghFrederick Stewart
She had an older half-brother Frederick Stewart, 4th Marquess of Londonderry, by her father's first marriage to Lady Catherine Bligh.

Mayfair

Mayfair, LondonMayfair, London, EnglandUpper Brook Street, Mayfair, London
Lady Anne Emily Spencer-Churchill (Lower Brook Street, Mayfair, London, 14 November 1854 – South Audley Street, Mayfair, London, 20 June 1923), married 11 June 1874 James Innes-Ker, 7th Duke of Roxburghe, by whom she had issue. On 12 July 1843 at St. George Street, Mayfair, Lady Frances married John Spencer-Churchill, Marquess of Blandford. Lady Cornelia Henrietta Maria Spencer-Churchill (17 September 1847 – Upper Brook Street, Mayfair, London, 22 January 1927), married 25 May 1868 Ivor Bertie Guest, 1st Baron Wimborne, by whom she had issue.

Woodstock, Oxfordshire

WoodstockOxfordshirePark of Woodstock
Upon her marriage she was styled Marchioness of Blandford. The couple made their principal home at the Spencer-Churchill family seat of Blenheim Palace in Woodstock, Oxfordshire.

Ivor Guest, 1st Baron Wimborne

Sir Ivor GuestLord WimborneSir J. B. Guest, Bart.
Lady Cornelia Henrietta Maria Spencer-Churchill (17 September 1847 – Upper Brook Street, Mayfair, London, 22 January 1927), married 25 May 1868 Ivor Bertie Guest, 1st Baron Wimborne, by whom she had issue.

William Fellowes, 2nd Baron de Ramsey

William FellowesHon. William FellowesLord de Ramsey
Lady Rosamund Jane Frances Spencer-Churchill (died 3 December 1920), married 12 July 1877 William Fellowes, 2nd Baron de Ramsey, by whom she had issue

Jack Churchill (1880–1947)

JackJohnJack Churchill
Lord Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill (13 February 1849 – 24 January 1895), married 15 April 1874 Jennie Jerome, father of Sir Winston Churchill and John Strange Spencer-Churchill.

Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth

Edward MarjoribanksThe Lord TweedmouthLord Tweedmouth
Lady Fanny Octavia Louise Spencer-Churchill (29 January 1853 – 5 August 1904), married 9 June 1873 Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth, by whom she had issue.

James Innes-Ker, 7th Duke of Roxburghe

7th Duke of RoxburgheJames Innes-Ker7th Duke
Lady Anne Emily Spencer-Churchill (Lower Brook Street, Mayfair, London, 14 November 1854 – South Audley Street, Mayfair, London, 20 June 1923), married 11 June 1874 James Innes-Ker, 7th Duke of Roxburghe, by whom she had issue.