Francesco Talenti

Talenti's work on the Campanile: the two middle storeys and the upper tower shaft

Francesco Talenti (c.

- Francesco Talenti

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Florence Cathedral

Cathedral of Florence, Italy (Duomo di Firenze).

Brunelleschi's Dome, the nave, and Giotto's Campanile of the Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore as seen from Michelangelo Hill
The Duomo viewed from the heights of Piazzale Michelangelo
The Duomo, as if completed, in a fresco by Andrea di Bonaiuto, painted in the 1360s, before the commencement of the dome
The Duomo and Baptistery of St. John from Piazza del Duomo
Plan of the church with various extension phases
Dome seen from the Giotto's Campanile
Interior of the dome
Baptistery of St. John next to the cathedral
Exterior of the Cathedral
Cupola of the Dome
Model of the original medieval façade in the museum of the cathedral
Modern façade built in the 19th century
Façade of the cathedral
Main portal by Augusto Passaglia
Statue of Saint Reparata, to whom the previous cathedral was dedicated, in the main portal
Interior of the cathedral
Huge clock decorated by Paolo Uccello
Dante and the Divine Comedy
Trompe-l'œil of Niccolò da Tolentino.
The Last Judgement by Vasari and Zuccari (from directly underneath)
The Last Judgement by Vasari and Zuccari
Detail of The Last Judgement by Vasari and Zuccari
Tomb of Antonio d'Orso by Tino da Camaino
Tomb of Filippo Brunelleschi.
Donatello first version of David (1408–1409). Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence. Height 191 cm.
Possible Statue of "Isaiah" by Nanni di Banco
Donatello's colossal seated figure of Saint John the Evangelist. 1409-1411
A Fiberglass replica of Michaelangelo's David statue [seen from the north]. This was the original placement planned for the statue.
Observation of the solstice on 21 June 2012

In 1349, work resumed on the cathedral under a series of architects, starting with Francesco Talenti, who finished the campanile and enlarged the overall project to include the apse and the side chapels.

Giotto's Campanile

Free-standing campanile that is part of the complex of buildings that make up Florence Cathedral on the Piazza del Duomo in Florence, Italy.

Giotto's bell tower seen from the top of the Duomo.
View from the tower.
View of the bell tower from the east
Lozenges of north side.
Original hexagonal panel depicting jurisprudence.
The lower levels with the hexagonal panels, lozenges and statues.
Relief on the Campanile representing Medicine, depicting the practice of uroscopy.
The hexagonal panels on the east side. From left to right: Agriculture, Art of festivals and Architecture.
"Euclid", by Nino Pisano, now in the Duomo's Museum.
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Pisano was replaced in his turn by Francesco Talenti who built the top three levels, with the large windows, completing the bell tower in 1359.

Mathematics and architecture

Mathematics and architecture are related, since, as with other arts, architects use mathematics for several reasons.

"The Gherkin", 30 St Mary Axe, London, completed 2003, is a parametrically designed solid of revolution.
Kandariya Mahadeva Temple (c. 1030), Khajuraho, India, is an example of religious architecture with a fractal-like structure which has many parts that resemble the whole.
In the Renaissance, an architect like Leon Battista Alberti was expected to be knowledgeable in many disciplines, including arithmetic and geometry.
Plan of a Greek house by Vitruvius
The interior of the Pantheon by Giovanni Paolo Panini, 1758
Floor plan of the Pantheon
Facade of Santa Maria Novella, Florence, 1470. The frieze (with squares) and above is by Leon Battista Alberti.
Architectural perspective of a stage set by Sebastiano Serlio, 1569
Andrea Palladio's plan and elevation of the Villa Pisani
Hyperboloid lattice lighthouse by Vladimir Shukhov, Ukraine, 1911
De Stijl's sliding, intersecting planes: the Rietveld Schröder House, 1924
Raoul Heinrich Francé's poppy and pepperpot (biomimetics) image from Die Pflanze als Erfinder, 1920
The minimal surfaces of the fabric roof of Denver International Airport, completed in 1995, evoke Colorado's snow-capped mountains and the teepee tents of Native Americans.
Base:hypotenuse (b:a) ratios for pyramids like the Great Pyramid of Giza could be: 1:φ (Kepler triangle), 3:5 (3:4:5 triangle), or 1:4/π
Gopuram of the Hindu Virupaksha Temple has a fractal-like structure where the parts resemble the whole.
Plan of Meenakshi Amman Temple, Madurai, from 7th century onwards. The four gateways (numbered I-IV) are tall gopurams.
The Parthenon was designed using Pythagorean ratios.
Floor plan of the Parthenon
Selimiye Mosque, Edirne, 1569–1575
The Taj Mahal mausoleum with part of the complex's gardens at Agra
Site plan of the Taj Mahal complex. The great gate is at the right, the mausoleum in the centre, bracketed by the mosque (below) and the jawab. The plan includes squares and octagons.
Haghia Sophia, Istanbul a) Plan of gallery (upper half) b) Plan of the ground floor (lower half)
A tulou in Yongding County, Fujian province
Yakhchal in Yazd, Iran
New Objectivity: Walter Gropius's Bauhaus, Dessau, 1925
Cylinder: Charles Holden's Arnos Grove tube station, 1933
Modernism: Le Corbusier's Chapelle Notre Dame du Haut, 1955
Geodesic dome: the Montréal Biosphère by R. Buckminster Fuller, 1967
Uniform curvature: Sydney Opera House, 1973
Deconstructivism: Disney Concert Hall, Los Angeles, 2003
The vaulting of the nave of Haghia Sophia, Istanbul (annotations), 562
The octagonal Baptistry of Saint John, Florence, completed in 1128
Fivefold symmetries: Jan Santini Aichel's Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk at Zelená hora, 1721
Passion façade of Antoni Gaudí's Sagrada Família, Barcelona, started 1882
Oscar Niemeyer's Cathedral of Brasília, 1970
The Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Assumption, San Francisco, 1971
Central column of Østerlars Nordic round church in Bornholm, Denmark
The complex geometry and tilings of the muqarnas vaulting in the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Isfahan, 1603–1619
Louvre Abu Dhabi under construction in 2015, its dome built up of layers of stars made of octagons, triangles, and squares
Ravensbourne College, London, 2010
Harpa Concert and Conference Centre, Iceland, 2011
Kanazawa Umimirai Library, Japan, 2011
Museo Soumaya, México, 2011
Coevorden fortification plan. 17th century
Palmanova, Italy, a Venetian city within a star fort. 17th century
Neuf-Brisach, Alsace, one of the Fortifications of Vauban

The octagonal Baptistry of Saint John, Florence, built between 1059 and 1128, is one of the oldest buildings in that city, and one of the last in the direct tradition of classical antiquity; it was extremely influential in the subsequent Florentine Renaissance, as major architects including Francesco Talenti, Alberti and Brunelleschi used it as the model of classical architecture.

Loggia dei Lanzi

Building on a corner of the Piazza della Signoria in Florence, Italy, adjoining the Uffizi Gallery.

Painting of the Piazza Della Signoria and Loggia Dei Lanzi, 1830 by Carlo Canella
Statue of Thusnelda, the wife of the ancient Germanic warrior Arminius. Created in 2nd century CE with modern restorations.
Benvenuto Cellini's Perseus with the Head of Medusa.
The Rape of the Sabine Women.
The Rape of Polyxena
Hercules and Nessus (1599), Florence
Medici Lion by Giovanni di Scherano Fancellii
Rape of Polyxena by Pio Fedi
Hercules and Nessus by Giambologna
Menelaus bearing the corpse of Patroclus. Flavian Era (1st century CE)
Perseus with the head of Medusa by Benvenuto Cellini
Perseus with the head of Medusa by Benvenuto Cellini
Rape of the Sabine Women by Giambologna
Rape of the Sabine Women by Giambologna
Ulpia Marciana, 110-120 CE

Sometimes erroneously referred to as Loggia dell' Orcagna because it was once thought to be designed by that artist, it was built between 1376 and 1382 by Benci di Cione and Simone di Francesco Talenti, possibly following a design by Jacopo di Sione, to house the assemblies of the people and hold public ceremonies, such as the swearing into office of the Gonfaloniers and the Priors.

Giovanni di Lapo Ghini

14th-century Italian architect working in Florence.

Filippo Brunelleschi is revered as one of the most inventive and gifted architects in history.

His contribution to the cathedral followed the death of the architect Giotto in 1337, and the subsequent dismissal of Francesco Talenti in 1364.

Italian Gothic architecture

Gothic architecture appeared in the prosperous independent city-states of Italy in the 12th century, at the same time as it appeared in Northern Europe.

The Cistercian Fossanova Abbey (founded 1208)
Casamari Abbey (rebuilt 1207–1213)
Interior of Casamari Abbey
Basilica of San Francesco of Assisi (completed 1263)
Nave of the upper Basilica of San Francesco of Assisi, with murals by Cimabue
San Francesco, Bologna (1236–1263)
Interior of San Francesco, Bologna
Facade of Siena Cathedral (1215–1263)
Altar and polychrome marble pillars of Siena Cathedral
Model of the original facade
The Duomo (15th c.) and Campanile (14th c.) of Florence Cathedral (1296–1366)
The Gothic east end of Florence Cathedral
Facade of Orvieto Cathedral
Nave of Orvieto Cathedral
Milan Cathedral
Nave of Milan Cathedral
Vaulted ceiling and column capitals containing statues
Basilica di San Petronio in Bologna
Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari (begun 1340)
Interior of Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari
Santi Giovanni e Paolo {15th c.)
Interior of Santi Giovanni e Paolo
Gothic roofline of the south facade, St Mark's Basilica
Doge's Palace, Venice (mid-14th – 15th c.)
The Ca' d'Oro on the Grand Canal (1421–1444)
Palazzo Vecchio (1299–1310) in Florence
Stairs and inner courtyard of the Bargello in Florence (begun 1255)
The Palazzo Publico and Torre dea Mangia in Siena (first half of 14th century)
Castel del Monte in Apulia (1240s)
Castello Maniace in Syracuse, Sicily (1232–40)

Work continued after Giotto's death in 1337, first under Andrea Pisani and then, in the 1350s, by Francesco Talenti.

1300s in art

The decade of the 1300s in art involved some significant events.

Duccio Madonna with Child 1300
Giotto The Marriage at Cana 1303
Duccio The Calling of the Apostles Peter and Andrew (from the Maestà) 1308

1300: Francesco Talenti – Italian sculptor and architect (died 1369)

1360s in art

The decade of the 1360s in art involved some significant events.

Niccolò Semitecolo, Two Christians before the Judges, Padua Cathedral, 1367

1369: Francesco Talenti – Italian sculptor and architect (born 1300)

1350s in art

The decade of the 1350s in art involved some significant events.

Huang Gongwang, Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains, c. 1350

1351: Francesco Talenti succeeds Andrea Pisano as director of the works of the Florence Cathedral

Giotto

Italian painter and architect from Florence during the Late Middle Ages.

Posthumous portrait of Giotto di Bondone, made between 1490 and 1550
One of the Legend of St. Francis frescoes at Assisi, the authorship of which is disputed.
Crucifixion
The Crucifixion of Rimini
Kiss of Judas, Scrovegni Chapel
Lamentation (The Mourning of Christ), Scrovegni Chapel
Details of figures from the Raising of Drusiana in the Peruzzi Chapel
Ognissanti Madonna, (c. 1310) Tempera on wood, 325 x Uffizi, Florence
The Nativity in the Lower Church, Assisi
Giotto, Peruzzi Altarpiece, c.1322, North Carolina Museum of Art
Campanile di Giotto (Florence)
Engraving after a portrait of Dante by Giotto

After Giotto's death three years later, Andrea Pisano and finally Francesco Talenti took over the tower's construction, completed in 1359 and not entirely to Giotto's design.