Francis Drake

Sir Francis DrakeDrakeDrake, FrancisDrake, Sir Francis (1540–1596)Drake,FrancisDrakiaElizabeth SydenhamEnglish explorerFrancis Drake of Englandknighting Sir Francis Drake
Sir Francis Drake (c. 1540 – 28 January 1596 ) was an English sea captain, privateer, slave trader, pirate, naval officer and explorer of the Elizabethan era.wikipedia
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Privateer

privateersprivateeringcorsair
1540 – 28 January 1596 ) was an English sea captain, privateer, slave trader, pirate, naval officer and explorer of the Elizabethan era.
Elizabeth's authorisation of sea-raiders (known as Sea Dogs) such as Francis Drake and Walter Raleigh allowed her to distance herself from their raiding activity while enjoying the benefits of their plunder.

Tavistock

Tavistock, DevonTavistock, EnglandTavistock (UK Parliament constituency)
Francis Drake was born in Tavistock, Devon, England.
Its most famous son is Sir Francis Drake.

San Juan, Puerto Rico

San JuanSan Juan, PRSan Juan de Puerto Rico
He died of dysentery in January 1596, after unsuccessfully attacking San Juan, Puerto Rico.
The city was witness to attacks from the English led by Sir Francis Drake in 1595 (in what is known as the Battle of Puerto Rico) and by George Clifford, Earl of Cumberland, in 1598.

Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford

Earl of BedfordFrancis Russell2nd Earl of Bedford
The first son was alleged to have been named after his godfather Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford.
He was a godfather to the Devon-born sailor Sir Francis Drake.

Elizabethan era

ElizabethanElizabethan EnglandElizabethan period
1540 – 28 January 1596 ) was an English sea captain, privateer, slave trader, pirate, naval officer and explorer of the Elizabethan era.
She risked war with Spain by supporting the "Sea Dogs", such as John Hawkins and Francis Drake, who preyed on the Spanish merchant ships carrying gold and silver from the New World.

Circumnavigation

circumnavigatecircumnavigatedaround the world
Drake carried out the second circumnavigation of the world in a single expedition, from 1577 to 1580, and was the first to complete the voyage as captain while leading the expedition throughout the entire circumnavigation.
In 1577, Elizabeth I sent Francis Drake to start an expedition against the Spanish along the Pacific coast of the Americas.

John Hawkins (naval commander)

John HawkinsSir John HawkinsHawkins
In 1563, Drake, aged 23, made his first voyage to the Americas, sailing with his second cousin, Sir John Hawkins, on one of a fleet of ships owned by his relatives, the Hawkins family of Plymouth.
His death and that of his second cousin and mentoree, Sir Francis Drake, heralded the decline of the Royal Navy for decades before its recovery and eventual dominance again helped by the propaganda of the Navy's glory days under his leadership.

St Budeaux

St. BudeauxAgaton FortBull Point
Francis Drake married Mary Newman at St. Budeaux church, Plymouth, in July 1569.
On 4 July 1569, Sir Francis Drake married local woman Mary Newman (Lady Drake was buried there in 1582).

Medway

Medway TownsBorough of MedwayMedway Council
He was ordained deacon and was made vicar of Upnor Church on the Medway.
Sir Francis Drake learned his seamanship on the Medway ; Sir John Hawkins founded a hospital in Chatham for seamen, and Nelson began his Navy service at Chatham at the age of 12.

Maroons

MarooncimarronesMaroon people
He raided the waters around Darien (in modern Panama) with a crew including many French privateers including Guillaume Le Testu, a French buccaneer, and African slaves (Maroons) who had escaped the Spanish.
Sir Francis Drake enlisted several cimarrones during his raids on the Spanish.

Guillaume Le Testu

He raided the waters around Darien (in modern Panama) with a crew including many French privateers including Guillaume Le Testu, a French buccaneer, and African slaves (Maroons) who had escaped the Spanish.
In 1573, he and Sir Francis Drake attacked a Spanish mule train escorting gold and silver to Nombre de Dios on the Atlantic coast of Panama, and he was subsequently killed following his capture by the Spanish.

Combe Sydenham

In 1585, Drake married Elizabeth Sydenham—born circa 1562, the only child of Sir George Sydenham, of Combe Sydenham, who was the High Sheriff of Somerset.
In 1585 Admiral Sir Francis Drake (c.1540-1596) married Elizabeth Sydenham (born c.1562), the only child and sole heiress of Sir George Sydenham (d.1597), of Combe Sydenham, Sheriff of Somerset, whose monument with effigy survives in the Sydenham Chapel of Stogumber Church.

Upnor

Lower UpnorUpper UpnorUpnor Village
He was ordained deacon and was made vicar of Upnor Church on the Medway.
Francis Drake's father, was ordained deacon and made vicar of the Church upon the River Medway.

Thomas Doughty (explorer)

Thomas DoughtySir Thomas Doughty
Following Magellan's example, Drake tried and executed his own "mutineer" Thomas Doughty.
His association with Francis Drake, on a 1577 voyage to rob Spanish treasure fleets, ended in a shipboard trial for treason and witchcraft, and Doughty's execution.

Panama

PanamáRepublic of PanamaPAN
He raided the waters around Darien (in modern Panama) with a crew including many French privateers including Guillaume Le Testu, a French buccaneer, and African slaves (Maroons) who had escaped the Spanish.
Sir Francis Drake's famous raids on Panama in 1572–73 and John Oxenham's crossing to the Pacific Ocean were aided by Panama cimarrons, and Spanish authorities were only able to bring them under control by making an alliance with them that guaranteed their freedom in exchange for military support in 1582.

Elizabeth Island (Cape Horn)

Elizabeth Island
After this passage, the Pelican was pushed south and discovered an island that Drake called Elizabeth Island.
visited by Sir Francis Drake in September 1578, during his circumnavigation of the globe.

Francis Fletcher (priest)

Francis Fletcher
Drake consented to his request of Communion and dined with him, of which Francis Fletcher had this strange account:
1555 – c. 1619) was a priest of the Church of England who accompanied Sir Francis Drake on his circumnavigation of the world from 1577 to 1580 and kept a written account of it.

Piracy

piratepiratespirate ship
1540 – 28 January 1596 ) was an English sea captain, privateer, slave trader, pirate, naval officer and explorer of the Elizabethan era.
Pirates and corsairs such as François Le Clerc, Jacques de Sores, Francis Drake, Pieter van der Does, Murat Reis and Horacio Nelson attacked the islands.

Tierra del Fuego

FirelandArchipiélago de Tierra del FuegoFuegians
The first report of his discovery of an open channel south of Tierra del Fuego was written after the 1618 publication of the voyage of Willem Schouten and Jacob le Maire around Cape Horn in 1616.
Francis Drake in 1578 and a Dutch East India Company expedition in 1616 learned more about the geography.

New Albion

Nova Albion1579 landing sitesomewhere
With his incursion into the Pacific Ocean, he claimed what is now California for the English and inaugurated an era of conflict with the Spanish on the western coast of the Americas, an area that had previously been largely unexplored by western shipping.
New Albion, also known as Nova Albion, was the name of the continental area north of Mexico claimed by Sir Francis Drake for England when he landed on the North American west coast in 1579.

John Wynter

A few weeks later (September 1578) Drake made it to the Pacific, but violent storms destroyed one of the three ships, the Marigold (captained by John Thomas) in the strait and caused another, the Elizabeth captained by John Wynter, to return to England, leaving only the Pelican.
John Wynter was Captain of the Elizabeth which accompanied Francis Drake (in the Golden Hind) appointed as his Vice-Admiral on his voyage around the world in 1577.

Chile

Republic of ChileChileanCHI
Later he sacked the port of Valparaíso further north in Chile, where he also captured a ship full of Chilean wine.
Buccaneers and English adventurers menaced the colony in addition to the Mapuche, as was shown by Sir Francis Drake's 1578 raid on Valparaíso, the colony's principal port.

Puerto San Julián

San JuliánPuerto San JulianPort St Julian
He made landfall at the gloomy bay of San Julian, in what is now Argentina.
Fifty-eight years later Francis Drake reached the harbour, arriving on 15 June 1578 and also choosing to overwinter.

Strait of Magellan

Straits of MagellanMagellan StraitMagellan Straits
Drake decided to remain the winter in San Julian before attempting the Strait of Magellan.
Twenty years later, English navigator Francis Drake crossed the strait, creating fear among Pacific coast inhabitants that an attack was imminent.

Drake's Plate of Brass

Drake's PlatePlate of Brasse
A bronze plaque inscribed with Drake's claim to the new lands – Drake's Plate of Brass – fitting the description in his account, was discovered in Marin County, California but was later declared a hoax.
The so-called Drake's Plate of Brass is a forgery that purports to be the brass plaque that Francis Drake posted upon landing in Northern California in 1579.