Francis Schnadhorst

Francis Schnadhorst (24 August 1840 – 2 January 1900) was a Birmingham draper and English Liberal Party politician.wikipedia
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National Liberal Federation

NLF
He briefly held elected office on Birmingham Council, and was offered the chance to stand for Parliament in winnable seats, but he found his true metier was in political organisation and administration both in his home town as secretary of the highly successful Birmingham Liberal Association from 1867 to 1884, and nationally as secretary of the newly formed National Liberal Federation from 1877 to 1893.
Its structure – which became known as the "Caucus" – was modelled on that of the Birmingham Liberal Association, which had been so effective in building a mass membership and an efficient electioneering body in the city under the political leadership of Joseph Chamberlain, and drawing on the strategic and organisational skills of William Harris (secretary 1868–73) and Francis Schnadhorst (secretary 1873–84).

William Harris (Birmingham Liberal)

William HarrisThe Caucus
The Birmingham Liberal Association was established in 1865, and radically reorganised by its secretary, William Harris, in 1868: Schnadhorst succeeded Harris as secretary in 1873.
He continued as secretary until 1873, when he was succeeded in turn by Francis Schnadhorst.

Birmingham

Birmingham, EnglandCity of BirminghamBirmingham, United Kingdom
Francis Schnadhorst (24 August 1840 – 2 January 1900) was a Birmingham draper and English Liberal Party politician.

Liberal Party (UK)

LiberalLiberal PartyLiberals
Francis Schnadhorst (24 August 1840 – 2 January 1900) was a Birmingham draper and English Liberal Party politician.

Birmingham City Council

BirminghamBirmingham CorporationCity Council
He briefly held elected office on Birmingham Council, and was offered the chance to stand for Parliament in winnable seats, but he found his true metier was in political organisation and administration both in his home town as secretary of the highly successful Birmingham Liberal Association from 1867 to 1884, and nationally as secretary of the newly formed National Liberal Federation from 1877 to 1893.

Parliament of the United Kingdom

ParliamentUK ParliamentBritish Parliament
He briefly held elected office on Birmingham Council, and was offered the chance to stand for Parliament in winnable seats, but he found his true metier was in political organisation and administration both in his home town as secretary of the highly successful Birmingham Liberal Association from 1867 to 1884, and nationally as secretary of the newly formed National Liberal Federation from 1877 to 1893.

Caucus

caucusesparty caucusWomen's Caucus
He was famously described as "the spectacled, sallow, sombre" Birmingham draper who within a short period of time was to establish himself through the Birmingham Liberal caucus as one of the most brilliant organisers in the country.

King Edward's School, Birmingham

King Edward's SchoolKing Edward VI SchoolKing Edward VI Grammar School
He was educated at King Edward's School, Birmingham.

Victorian era

VictorianVictorian-eraVictorian times
However, like many Victorian tradesman and ardent nonconformists, he was keenly interested in improving himself and his town.

Nonconformist

non-conformistnonconformistsNonconformity
However, like many Victorian tradesman and ardent nonconformists, he was keenly interested in improving himself and his town.

Self-help

self-improvementself-developmentself help
Through these groups and the close connection between nonconformity, self-help and Liberalism, Schnadhorst was drawn into political activity for the Liberal Party.

Plurality voting

majority votefirst past the postsingle-member
The 1885 Redistribution Act created seven single-member constituencies, more than doubling Birmingham's representation in Parliament.

Decree

royal decreepresidential decreedecrees
A Royal decree declared the corporation of the City of Birmingham in 1889 and the first Lord Mayor was elected in 1896.

Reform Act 1867

Second Reform Act1867 Reform ActReform Act of 1867
The local Liberal Party was compelled to rethink its structure in response to this civic expansion, and in anticipation of the additional electors enfranchised by the 1867 Reform Act.

Shilling (British coin)

shillingsshillings
Membership was open to anyone able to pay the one shilling annual fee, meaning that political participation was no longer the preserve of the traditional ruling classes.

Birmingham board school

Birmingham School Boardboard schoolboard schools
Its existence enabled the Liberals to fight general, town council and school board elections more effectively and successfully.

Ward (electoral subdivision)

wardelectoral wardwards
Schnadhorst first became involved in political activity at the Birmingham election of 1867 when he took on the roles of vice-chairman and secretary to the St.George's Ward Liberal committee.

1868 United Kingdom general election

18681868 general election1868 election
The Liberals had already been electorally successful in Birmingham, particularly at the 1868 general election, but Schnadhorst bolstered the party's organisation to oust the Conservative and Anglican majorities on the town council and the school board.

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
The Liberals had already been electorally successful in Birmingham, particularly at the 1868 general election, but Schnadhorst bolstered the party's organisation to oust the Conservative and Anglican majorities on the town council and the school board.

Anglicanism

AnglicandivineAnglicans
The Liberals had already been electorally successful in Birmingham, particularly at the 1868 general election, but Schnadhorst bolstered the party's organisation to oust the Conservative and Anglican majorities on the town council and the school board.

Joseph Chamberlain

ChamberlainJoseph The Right Honourable '''Joseph Chamberlain
Joseph Chamberlain may have provided the political leadership to make Birmingham the "gas and water" socialist capital of Victorian civic life, but behind the scenes Schnadhorst was "the organising genius of the Birmingham association".

1885 United Kingdom general election

1885 general election1885general election of 1885
Before the 1885 general election, Schnadhorst was invited to stand in two Birmingham seats, South and East, both of which were subsequently won by the Liberals.

Birmingham South (UK Parliament constituency)

Birmingham SouthBirmingham, South DivisionSouth
Before the 1885 general election, Schnadhorst was invited to stand in two Birmingham seats, South and East, both of which were subsequently won by the Liberals.

Birmingham East (UK Parliament constituency)

Birmingham EastBirmingham, East DivisionEast
Before the 1885 general election, Schnadhorst was invited to stand in two Birmingham seats, South and East, both of which were subsequently won by the Liberals.

Newcastle-under-Lyme (UK Parliament constituency)

Newcastle-under-LymeNewcastle under LymeNewcastle-under-Lyme (seat 1/2)
In 1890 he also turned down the offer of a seat in Newcastle-under-Lyme but by this time his health was deteriorating; he had already had to have some time off work on medical advice and had undertaken a holiday voyage to Australia a few years earlier.