A report on Francis Xavier

A painting of Saint Francis Xavier, held in the Kobe City Museum, Japan
The castle of the Xavier family was later acquired by the Society of Jesus.
Church of Saint-Pierre de Montmartre, Paris
Francisco Xavier taking leave of John III of Portugal for an expedition
Saint Francis Xavier preaching in Goa (1610), by André Reinoso
Conversion of the Paravars by Francis Xavier in South India, in a 19th-century colored lithograph
Voyages of Saint Francis Xavier
The Altar of St. Francis Xavier Parish in Nasugbu, Batangas, Philippines. Saint Francis is the principal patron of the town, together with Our Lady of Escalera.
Casket of Saint Francis Xavier in the Basilica of Bom Jesus in Goa, India
Stained glass church window in Béthanie, Hong Kong, of St Francis Xavier baptizing a Chinese man
Fumaroles at Mt. Unzen, Japan
The Vision of St. Francis Xavier, by Giovanni Battista Gaulli
Statue of Santo Fransiskus Xaverius, at Jesuit Gereja Katedral Santa Perawan Maria Diangkat Ke Surga, in Jakarta, Indonesia
Statue of Saint Francis Xavier, at St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church, in Superior, Wisconsin, United States
Effigy of Saint Francis Xavier in the Monument to the Discoveries in Lisbon, Portugal
Statue of St. Francis Xavier at St. Xavier's School, Kolkata

Navarrese Catholic missionary and saint who was a co-founder of the Society of Jesus.

- Francis Xavier
A painting of Saint Francis Xavier, held in the Kobe City Museum, Japan

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ChristogramOfficial seal of the Jesuits

Society of Jesus

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Religious order of the Catholic Church headquartered in Rome.

Religious order of the Catholic Church headquartered in Rome.

ChristogramOfficial seal of the Jesuits
Ignatius of Loyola
A fresco depicting Ignatius receiving the papal bull from Pope Paul III was created after 1743 by Johann Christoph Handke in the Church of Our Lady Of the Snow in Olomouc.
Jesuits at Akbar's court in India,
Ratio Studiorum, 1598
Jesuit missionary, painting from 1779
Francis Xavier
The Spanish missionary José de Anchieta was, together with Manuel da Nóbrega, the first Jesuit that Ignacio de Loyola sent to America.
Bell made in Portugal for Nanbanji Church run by Jesuits in Japan, 1576–1587
Matteo Ricci (left) and Xu Guangqi in the 1607 Chinese publication of Euclid's Elements
Confucius, Philosopher of the Chinese, or, Chinese Knowledge Explained in Latin, published by Philippe Couplet, Prospero Intorcetta, Christian Herdtrich, and François de Rougemont at Paris in 1687
A map of the 200-odd Jesuit churches and missions established across China
Bressani map of 1657 depicting the martyrdom of Jean de Brébeuf
Misión de Nuestra Señora de Loreto Conchó in the 18th century, the first permanent Jesuit mission in Baja California, established by Juan María de Salvatierra in 1697
Main altar of the Jesuit colegio in Tepozotlan, now the Museo Nacional del Virreinato
Mexican-born Jesuit Francisco Clavijero (1731–1787) wrote an important history of Mexico.
Acosta's Historia natural y moral de las Indias (1590) text on the Americas
Peter Claver ministering to African slaves at Cartagena
Samuel Fritz's 1707 map showing the Amazon and the Orinoco
Ruins of La Santisima Trinidad de Parana mission in Paraguay, founded by Jesuits in 1706
Manuel da Nóbrega on a commemorative Portuguese stamp of the 400th anniversary of the foundation of São Paulo, Brazil
Jesuit in 18th century, Brazil
Visit of Pope Benedict XVI to the Jesuit-run Pontifical Gregorian University
Pope Francis, the first Jesuit pope
Jesuit Alfred Delp, member of the Kreisau Circle that operated within Nazi Germany was executed in February 1945
Jesuit scholars in China. Top: Matteo Ricci, Adam Schall and Ferdinand Verbiest (1623–88); Bottom: Paul Siu (Xu Guangqi), Colao or Prime Minister of State, and his granddaughter Candide Hiu.
The Sanctuary of Loyola in Azpeitia, Basque Country, Spain, the main Jesuit shrine in the birthplace of Ignatius of Loyola
History of the Jesuit missions in India, China and Japan (Luis de Guzmán, 1601).
The Church of the Gesù in Rome, is the mother church of the Jesuits.
Iglesia de La Compañía, Quito, Ecuador, interior with gold leaf
Church of Saint-Pierre de Montmartre, Paris, France
Jesuit church, Cuzco, Peru
Colegio de Belén, Havana, "The Palace of Education"
Christ the King Church in the Ateneo de Naga University campus, Naga City, Philippines
Fordham University Church at Rose Hill, Bronx, New York, USA
St. John's Church in Creighton University campus, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
Holy Name of Jesus Church in the Loyola University New Orleans campus, New Orleans Louisiana USA
The Church of the Gesu in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA, is the school church of Marquette University.
St. Francis Xavier Church, a Jesuit parish church across the street from the Rockhurst University campus, Kansas City, Missouri, USA
St. Francis Xavier College Church in the Saint Louis University campus, St. Louis, Missouri, USA
The Santa Clara University's Mission Church is at the heart of Santa Clara University's historic campus Santa Clara, California, USA.
St. Ignatius Church, a Jesuit parish church in the University of San Francisco campus, San Francisco, California, USA
the Church of the Gesu, Philadelphia is the school church of St. Joseph's Preparatory School, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
The Church of the Gesu in Frascati, province of Rome, Italy
The Église du Gesù in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, church and cultural venue
Jakarta Cathedral, Indonesia
Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba, Argentina
Université de Namur, Belgium
University of the Sinos Valley, Brazil
St. Mary's University, Halifax, Canada
Pontifical Xaverian University, Bogota, Colombia
Pontifical Catholic University, Ecuador
University of Ingolstadt, Germany
St. Xavier's College, Mumbai, India
St. Xavier's College, Kolkata, India
Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, Italy
Sophia University, Tokyo, Japan
Elisabeth University of Music, Hiroshima, Japan.
St. Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon
University of Pacific, Peru
Ateneo de Naga University, Philippines
Sogang University, Seoul, South Korea
University of Deusto, Bilbao, Spain
Comillas Pontifical University, Spain
Fordham University, New York City, United States
Fairfield University, Bellarmine Hall, Fairfield, Connecticut, United States
Sankt Georgen Graduate School of Philosophy and Theology, Frankfurt, Germany
Georgetown University, Washington DC, United States

In 1534, Ignatius and six other young men, including Francis Xavier and Peter Faber, gathered and professed promises of poverty, chastity, and later obedience, including a special vow of obedience to the pope in matters of mission direction and assignment.

Ignatius of Loyola, anonymous 16th-c.

Ignatius of Loyola

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Ignatius of Loyola, anonymous 16th-c.
The Sanctuary of Loyola, in Azpeitia, built atop the birthplace of the saint.
Ignatius in his armour, in a 16th-century painting
Saint Ignatius of Loyola's Vision of Christ and God the Father at La Storta by Domenichino
Manresa, Chapel in the Cave of Saint Ignatius where Ignatius practiced asceticism and conceived his Spiritual Exercises
Original shield of Oñaz-Loyola.
Ignatius as Superior General
Statue of Saint Ignatius in the Church of the Gesù, Rome
Tomb of Saint Ignatius, c. 1675
Apotheosis of Saint Ignatius
Portrait by Pieter Paul Rubens
Visions of Ignatius, 1617–18, Peter Paul Rubens
The journeys of Ignatius of Loyola at different times
A page from Spiritual Exercises

Ignatius of Loyola, S.J. (born Íñigo López de Oñaz y Loyola; Ignazio Loiolakoa; Ignacio de Loyola; Ignatius de Loyola; c. 23 October 1491 – 31 July 1556), venerated as Saint Ignatius of Loyola, was a Spanish Catholic priest and theologian, who, with Peter Faber and Francis Xavier, founded the religious order of the Society of Jesus (The Jesuits), and became its first Superior General, in Paris in 1541.

Portuguese India

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State of the Portuguese Empire founded six years after the discovery of a sea route to the Indian subcontinent by Vasco da Gama, a subject of the Kingdom of Portugal.

State of the Portuguese Empire founded six years after the discovery of a sea route to the Indian subcontinent by Vasco da Gama, a subject of the Kingdom of Portugal.

Portuguese Fortress of Cochin, in the allied Kingdom of Cochin
Afonso de Albuquerque, second Portuguese governor of India
In the 16th and 17th centuries, the Portuguese Empire in the East, with its capital in Goa, was then often styled in Europe as the "Rome of the East", it included possessions (subjected tracts of land with a certain degree of autonomy) in South Asia, Southeast Asia, East Africa, and the Pacific
A Portuguese nobleman riding on a horse from "Itinerario, voyage, ofte Schipvaert van Jan Huygen van Linschoten naer Oost ofte Portugaels Indien", Amsterdam, 1596
Portuguese Goa in 1600
Portuguese fortress of Bassein, capital of the North Province
Portuguese and other European settlements in India
District of Portuguese Diu
Remnants of St Thomas Fort, Tangasseri in the Quilon area, Malabar region
The Conquistas of Goa. Red: Velhas Conquistas (1510-1546). Cream: Novas Conquistas (1763-1788)
Coat of arms of Portuguese Goa in 1596
Marketplace in Goa, as depicted in Jan Huygen van Linschotens Itinerarium
Portugal was the first European nation to establish trade routes with Japan. A significant portion of the crew on Portuguese ships were Indian Christians.
Portuguese gold coin struck in Goa during the reign of King Manuel 1510-1521
Portuguese riding a palanquin
Mughal depiction of a Portuguese nobleman
Proposed flag for Portuguese India
Indo-Portuguese illustration of a Portuguese nobleman and Christian Indian women, from the Códice Casanatense.
18th century Indo-Portuguese cabinet
Indo-Portuguese cabinet
Indo-Portuguese writing cabinet
Indo-Portuguese furniture
Indo-Portuguese pistol
17th century Indo-Portuguese Christian ivory.
20 Portuguese bazarucos from 1799, reverse.
20 Portuguese bazarucos from 1799, obverse.
1866 1/8 tanga.
1 Portuguese India rupia, 1882.
1947 escudo coin.
1959 100 escudos.
Late 19th century and early 20th century Portuguese rupias
60 Portuguese India centavos, 1959.
Indo-Portuguese house
Portuguese villa
Goa Cathedral
he church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception in Panaji (Goa, India).
Old Goa,Church of Lady of Rosary
Bom Jesus Basilica, Goa.
House in Goa.
House in Goa.

On 16 May 1546, the Jesuit missionary Francis Xavier requested the institution of the Goa Inquisition for the "Old Christians" and "New Christians", in a letter to John III of Portugal.

Illustration of the ruins of the headquarters of the Goa Inquisition, from L'Homme et La Terre by Élisée Reclus (1905)

Goa Inquisition

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Extension of the Portuguese Inquisition in Portuguese India.

Extension of the Portuguese Inquisition in Portuguese India.

Illustration of the ruins of the headquarters of the Goa Inquisition, from L'Homme et La Terre by Élisée Reclus (1905)
The Auto-da-fé procession of the Inquisition at Goa. An annual event to publicly humiliate and punish the heretics, it shows the Chief Inquisitor, Dominican friars, Portuguese soldiers, as well as religious criminals condemned to be burnt in the procession.
An 18th century French sketch showing a man condemned to be burnt alive by the Goa Inquisition. The stake is behind him to his left, the punishment is sketched on his shirt. It was inspired by Charles Dellon's persecution.

In 1546, Francis Xavier wrote to King John III of Portugal, requesting him to establish Inquisition in Goa.

Catholic missionaries in Papua New Guinea

Missionary

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Member of a religious group which is sent into an area in order to promote its faith or provide services to people, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care, and economic development.

Member of a religious group which is sent into an area in order to promote its faith or provide services to people, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care, and economic development.

Catholic missionaries in Papua New Guinea
Buddhist proselytism at the time of king Ashoka (260–218 BCE), according to his Edicts
Central Asian Buddhist monk teaching a Chinese monk. Bezeklik, 9th-10th century; although Albert von Le Coq (1913) assumed the blue-eyed, red-haired monk was a Tocharian, modern scholarship has identified similar Caucasian figures of [[:File:BezeklikSogdianMerchants.jpg|the same cave temple]] (No. 9) as ethnic Sogdians, an Eastern Iranian people who inhabited Turfan as an ethnic minority community during the phases of Tang Chinese (7th-8th century) and Uyghur rule (9th-13th century).
Temple of One Thousand Buddhas, in La Boulaye, Saône-et-Loire, Burgundy
Lähetyskirkko, a Christian mission church in Ullanlinna, Helsinki, Finland
Village of Christianized Tapuyos Indians, Brazil c. 1820 CE
English missionary John Williams, active in the South Pacific
Jesuits who were martyred by the Araucanian Indians in Elicura in 1612 CE
The first recorded baptism in Alta California
A Christian missionary of the Wisconsin Synod going to the Apache
The missionary ship Duff arriving at Tahiti, c. 1797
David Livingstone preaching from a wagon
The iconic black name tags of missionaries of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Mission Dawah is one of the largest contemporary Islamic missionary organizations.
The tombs of historic Islamic missionaries in China, Sa-Ke-Zu and Wu-Ko-Shun at Mount Lingshan, Quanzhou
The World Islamic Mission's mosque in Oslo, Norway
Jamia Ahmadiyya, Ghana

About the same time, missionaries such as Francis Xavier (1506–1552) as well as other Jesuits, Augustinians, Franciscans, and Dominicans reached Asia and the Far East, and the Portuguese sent missions into Africa.

St. Peter's Basilica, the largest Catholic church in the world

Catholic Church

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Largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide.

Largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide.

St. Peter's Basilica, the largest Catholic church in the world
The first use of the term "Catholic Church" (literally meaning "universal church") was by the church father Saint Ignatius of Antioch in his Letter to the Smyrnaeans (c. 110 AD). Ignatius of Antioch is also attributed the earliest recorded use of the term "Christianity" (Χριστιανισμός) c. 100 AD. He died in Rome, with his relics located in the Basilica of San Clemente al Laterano.
This fresco (1481–82) by Pietro Perugino in the Sistine Chapel shows Jesus giving the keys of heaven to Saint Peter.
The Last Supper, a late 1490s mural painting by Leonardo da Vinci, depicting the last supper of Jesus and his twelve apostles on the eve of his crucifixion. Most apostles are buried in Rome, including Saint Peter.
Jesus' commission to Saint Peter
19th-century drawing by Henry William Brewer of Old Saint Peter's Basilica, originally built in 318 by Emperor Constantine
Chartres Cathedral, completed 1220
The Renaissance period was a golden age for Catholic art. Pictured: the Sistine Chapel ceiling painted by Michelangelo
Ruins of the Jesuit Reduction at São Miguel das Missões in Brazil
While, since the 1960s, Pope Pius XII has been accused of not having done enough to shelter Jews from the Holocaust, his defenders claim he secretly encouraged individual Catholic resistance groups, such as that led by priest Heinrich Maier. Maier helped the allies fight against the V-2, which was produced by concentration camp prisoners.
Members of the Canadian Royal 22e Regiment in audience with Pope Pius XII, following the Liberation of Rome in 1944 during World War II
Bishops listen during the Second Vatican Council
Pope John Paul II was credited as a major influence to the end of the Cold War and the fall of communism. Here with U.S. President Ronald Reagan and his wife, Nancy, in 1982.
Francis is the 266th and current pope of the Catholic Church, a title he holds ex officio as bishop of Rome, and sovereign of Vatican City. He was elected in the 2013 papal conclave.
C. 1210 manuscript version of the traditional Shield of the Trinity theological diagram
The Blessed Virgin Mary is highly regarded in the Catholic Church, proclaiming her as Mother of God, free from original sin and an intercessor.
Mass at the Grotto at Lourdes, France. The chalice is displayed to the people immediately after the consecration of the wine.
Baptism of Augustine of Hippo as represented in a sculptural group in Troyes Cathedral (1549), France
Pope Benedict XVI celebrates the Eucharist at the canonisation of Frei Galvão in São Paulo, Brazil on 11 May 2007
A Catholic believer prays in a church in Mexico
The Seven Sacraments Altarpiece triptych painting of Extreme Unction (Anointing of the Sick) with oil being administered by a priest during last rites. Rogier van der Weyden, c. 1445.
Priests lay their hands on the ordinands during the rite of ordination.
Wedding mass in the Philippines
Catholic religious objects – Holy Bible, crucifix and rosary
East Syrian Rite wedding crowning celebrated by a bishop of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church in India, one of the 23 Eastern Catholic Churches in full communion with the pope and the Catholic Church.
Saint Teresa of Calcutta advocated for the sick, the poor and the needy by practicing the acts of corporal works of mercy.
Allegory of chastity by Hans Memling
Pope Paul VI issued Humanae vitae on 25 July 1968.

Elsewhere, Portuguese missionaries under the Spanish Jesuit Francis Xavier evangelised in India, China, and Japan.

Portrait of John attributed to Cristóvão Lopes, copy of a 1552 original by Anthonis Mor

John III of Portugal

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The King of Portugal and the Algarves from 1521 until his death in 1557.

The King of Portugal and the Algarves from 1521 until his death in 1557.

Portrait of John attributed to Cristóvão Lopes, copy of a 1552 original by Anthonis Mor
Detail of Prince John from the Triptych of the Infantes; Master of Lourinhã, 1516
King John III portrayed as the patron of the University of Coimbra
Portrait of the King D. João III of Portugal; Cristóvão Lopes, 1552
An auto-da-fé of the Portuguese Inquisition, in the Terreiro do Paço in front of Ribeira Palace in Lisbon.
Map of Portugal and its colonial empire alongside its military and trade outposts, at the height of the reign of King John III of Portugal.
Francis Xavier asking King John III for the Evangalization of Asia; Avelar Rebelo, 1635.
Captaincies of the Governorate General of Brazil

In 1540, after successive appeals to Pope Paul III asking for missionaries for the Portuguese East Indies under the "Padroado" agreement, John III appointed Francis Xavier to take charge as Apostolic Nuncio.

Clockwise from top: Vagator Beach, Church and Convent of St. Francis of Assisi, Basilica of Bom Jesus, Shanta Durga Temple, Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception Church, Goa and Gallery de Fontainhas

Goa

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State on the southwestern coast of India within the Konkan region, geographically separated from the Deccan highlands by the Western Ghats.

State on the southwestern coast of India within the Konkan region, geographically separated from the Deccan highlands by the Western Ghats.

Clockwise from top: Vagator Beach, Church and Convent of St. Francis of Assisi, Basilica of Bom Jesus, Shanta Durga Temple, Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception Church, Goa and Gallery de Fontainhas
Usgalimal rock engravings
The Se Cathedral at Old Goa, built-in 1619, is an example of Portuguese architecture and is one of the largest churches in Asia.
Goa coastline at Dona Paula
Picture of coastline of Vasco da Gama, Goa, taken from an aircraft's window.
Talukas of Goa. Talukas in green shades belong to North Goa district, and orange denote South Goa district.
Idyllic scenery in Salcete
Goa Assembly
Coconut palm trees are a ubiquitous symbol of Goa
Rice paddies are common in rural Goa.
Hindu-Christianity Unity Memorial at Miramar Beach.
Our Lady of Immaculate Conception Church in Panaji
Shanta Durga temple at Kavlem.
Goan-chumar-chitram
India Goa Film Festival
Fatorda Stadium
Goa International Airport, new terminal building
Most of Goa is well connected by roads.
Government-run Kadamba buses at a bus station in Goa
Motorcycle Taxi or "Pilots"
Margao railway station
The Mahadev Temple, attributed to the Kadambas of Goa; in what is today Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollem National Park.
Gold coins issued by the Kadamba king of Goa, Shivachitta Paramadideva. Circa 1147–1187 CE.
Dudhsagar Waterfalls in August.
Train passing next to the Dudhsagar Falls.
Lower half of Dudhsagar Falls.
Train carrying iron ore to Marmagao Port, Vasco.
Commercial area in Panaji.
Goan prawn curry, a popular dish throughout the state.
Pork vindaloo is a popular Goan curry dish in the state and around the world.
Chamuças, Goan samosas
Traditional Goan fish curry
The House of the Seven Gables in Margao.
Velha Goa Galeria, in Panaji.
Goa University
Carmel College for Women is affiliated to Goa University. It was established more than 50 years to aid in closing the education gender gap.
Goa Medical College, previously called Escola Médico–Cirúrgica de Goa.

The basilica holds the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier, regarded by many Catholics as the patron saint of Goa (the patron of the Archdiocese of Goa is actually Saint Joseph Vaz).

Painted portrait of Eusebio Kino, ca. 1700

Eusebio Kino

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Tyrolean Jesuit, missionary, geographer, explorer, cartographer and astronomer born in the Territory of the Bishopric of Trent, then part of the Holy Roman Empire.

Tyrolean Jesuit, missionary, geographer, explorer, cartographer and astronomer born in the Territory of the Bishopric of Trent, then part of the Holy Roman Empire.

Painted portrait of Eusebio Kino, ca. 1700
Written historic accounts of the Casa Grande in Coolidge, Arizona, begin with the journal entries of Padre Eusebio Francisco Kino when he visited the ruins in 1694.
This map, which was hand-colored by cartographer Nicholas de Fer, was originally created by Kino in 1696. It is called California or New Carolina: Place of Apostolic Works of Society of Jesus at the Septentrional America.
Crypt housing the remains of Father Kino in Magdalena de Kino.
Equestrian statue of Father Kino in his birthplace of Segno, Northern Italy
Equestrian statue of Father Kino in front of the Arizona State Capitol in Phoenix, Arizona
Bronze sculpture by Suzanne Silvercruys

In 1665, after his recovery from an illness, as part of a vow fulfillment, he adopted Francesco as second name, for devotion to Saint Francis Xavier.

Alfonso Salmerón

Alfonso Salmeron

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Spanish biblical scholar, a Catholic priest, and one of the first Jesuits.

Spanish biblical scholar, a Catholic priest, and one of the first Jesuits.

Alfonso Salmerón
Portrait of Alfonso Salmerón, Jesuit, found in the 1602 edition of Salmerón's commentary on the Gospel (Commentarii in Evangelicam Historiam et in Acta Apostolorum).

Here, through Diego Laynez, he met St. Ignatius of Loyola and with Laynez, St. Peter Faber and St. Francis Xavier, he enlisted as one of the first companions of Loyola in 1534.