A painting of Saint Francis Xavier, held in the Kobe City Museum, Japan
Ignatius of Loyola, anonymous 16th-c.
The castle of the Xavier family was later acquired by the Society of Jesus.
The Sanctuary of Loyola, in Azpeitia, built atop the birthplace of the saint.
Ignatius in his armour, in a 16th-century painting
Church of Saint-Pierre de Montmartre, Paris
Saint Ignatius of Loyola's Vision of Christ and God the Father at La Storta by Domenichino
Francisco Xavier taking leave of John III of Portugal for an expedition
Manresa, Chapel in the Cave of Saint Ignatius where Ignatius practiced asceticism and conceived his Spiritual Exercises
Saint Francis Xavier preaching in Goa (1610), by André Reinoso
Original shield of Oñaz-Loyola.
Conversion of the Paravars by Francis Xavier in South India, in a 19th-century colored lithograph
Ignatius as Superior General
Voyages of Saint Francis Xavier
Statue of Saint Ignatius in the Church of the Gesù, Rome
The Altar of St. Francis Xavier Parish in Nasugbu, Batangas, Philippines. Saint Francis is the principal patron of the town, together with Our Lady of Escalera.
Tomb of Saint Ignatius, c. 1675
Casket of Saint Francis Xavier in the Basilica of Bom Jesus in Goa, India
Apotheosis of Saint Ignatius
Stained glass church window in Béthanie, Hong Kong, of St Francis Xavier baptizing a Chinese man
Portrait by Pieter Paul Rubens
Fumaroles at Mt. Unzen, Japan
Visions of Ignatius, 1617–18, Peter Paul Rubens
The Vision of St. Francis Xavier, by Giovanni Battista Gaulli
The journeys of Ignatius of Loyola at different times
Statue of Santo Fransiskus Xaverius, at Jesuit Gereja Katedral Santa Perawan Maria Diangkat Ke Surga, in Jakarta, Indonesia
A page from Spiritual Exercises
Statue of Saint Francis Xavier, at St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church, in Superior, Wisconsin, United States
Effigy of Saint Francis Xavier in the Monument to the Discoveries in Lisbon, Portugal
Statue of St. Francis Xavier at St. Xavier's School, Kolkata

Ignatius of Loyola, S.J. (born Íñigo López de Oñaz y Loyola; Ignazio Loiolakoa; Ignacio de Loyola; Ignatius de Loyola; c. 23 October 1491 – 31 July 1556), venerated as Saint Ignatius of Loyola, was a Spanish Catholic priest and theologian, who, with Peter Faber and Francis Xavier, founded the religious order of the Society of Jesus (The Jesuits), and became the first Superior General of the Society of Jesus, in Paris, in 1541.

- Ignatius of Loyola

Born in Javier (Xavier in Old Spanish and in Navarro-Aragonese, or Xabier, a Basque word meaning "new house"), in the Kingdom of Navarre (in present-day Spain), he was a companion of Ignatius of Loyola and one of the first seven Jesuits who took vows of poverty and chastity at Montmartre, Paris in 1534.

- Francis Xavier
A painting of Saint Francis Xavier, held in the Kobe City Museum, Japan

9 related topics

Alpha

ChristogramOfficial seal of the Jesuits

Society of Jesus

Religious order of the Catholic Church headquartered in Rome.

Religious order of the Catholic Church headquartered in Rome.

ChristogramOfficial seal of the Jesuits
Ignatius of Loyola
A fresco depicting Ignatius receiving the papal bull from Pope Paul III was created after 1743 by Johann Christoph Handke in the Church of Our Lady Of the Snow in Olomouc.
Jesuits at Akbar's court in India,
Ratio Studiorum, 1598
Jesuit missionary, painting from 1779
Francis Xavier
The Spanish missionary José de Anchieta was, together with Manuel da Nóbrega, the first Jesuit that Ignacio de Loyola sent to America.
Bell made in Portugal for Nanbanji Church run by Jesuits in Japan, 1576–1587
Matteo Ricci (left) and Xu Guangqi in the 1607 Chinese publication of Euclid's Elements
Confucius, Philosopher of the Chinese, or, Chinese Knowledge Explained in Latin, published by Philippe Couplet, Prospero Intorcetta, Christian Herdtrich, and François de Rougemont at Paris in 1687
A map of the 200-odd Jesuit churches and missions established across China
Bressani map of 1657 depicting the martyrdom of Jean de Brébeuf
Misión de Nuestra Señora de Loreto Conchó in the 18th century, the first permanent Jesuit mission in Baja California, established by Juan María de Salvatierra in 1697
Main altar of the Jesuit colegio in Tepozotlan, now the Museo Nacional del Virreinato
Mexican-born Jesuit Francisco Clavijero (1731–1787) wrote an important history of Mexico.
Acosta's Historia natural y moral de las Indias (1590) text on the Americas
Peter Claver ministering to African slaves at Cartagena
Samuel Fritz's 1707 map showing the Amazon and the Orinoco
Ruins of La Santisima Trinidad de Parana mission in Paraguay, founded by Jesuits in 1706
Manuel da Nóbrega on a commemorative Portuguese stamp of the 400th anniversary of the foundation of São Paulo, Brazil
Jesuit in 18th century, Brazil
Visit of Pope Benedict XVI to the Jesuit-run Pontifical Gregorian University
Pope Francis, the first Jesuit pope
Jesuit Alfred Delp, member of the Kreisau Circle that operated within Nazi Germany was executed in February 1945
Jesuit scholars in China. Top: Matteo Ricci, Adam Schall and Ferdinand Verbiest (1623–88); Bottom: Paul Siu (Xu Guangqi), Colao or Prime Minister of State, and his granddaughter Candide Hiu.
The Sanctuary of Loyola in Azpeitia, Basque Country, Spain, the main Jesuit shrine in the birthplace of Ignatius of Loyola
History of the Jesuit missions in India, China and Japan (Luis de Guzmán, 1601).
The Church of the Gesù in Rome, is the mother church of the Jesuits.
Iglesia de La Compañía, Quito, Ecuador, interior with gold leaf
Church of Saint-Pierre de Montmartre, Paris, France
Jesuit church, Cuzco, Peru
Colegio de Belén, Havana, "The Palace of Education"
Christ the King Church in the Ateneo de Naga University campus, Naga City, Philippines
Fordham University Church at Rose Hill, Bronx, New York, USA
St. John's Church in Creighton University campus, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
Holy Name of Jesus Church in the Loyola University New Orleans campus, New Orleans Louisiana USA
The Church of the Gesu in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA, is the school church of Marquette University.
St. Francis Xavier Church, a Jesuit parish church across the street from the Rockhurst University campus, Kansas City, Missouri, USA
St. Francis Xavier College Church in the Saint Louis University campus, St. Louis, Missouri, USA
The Santa Clara University's Mission Church is at the heart of Santa Clara University's historic campus Santa Clara, California, USA.
St. Ignatius Church, a Jesuit parish church in the University of San Francisco campus, San Francisco, California, USA
the Church of the Gesu, Philadelphia is the school church of St. Joseph's Preparatory School, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
The Church of the Gesu in Frascati, province of Rome, Italy
The Église du Gesù in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, church and cultural venue
Jakarta Cathedral, Indonesia
Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba, Argentina
Université de Namur, Belgium
University of the Sinos Valley, Brazil
St. Mary's University, Halifax, Canada
Pontifical Xaverian University, Bogota, Colombia
Pontifical Catholic University, Ecuador
University of Ingolstadt, Germany
St. Xavier's College, Mumbai, India
St. Xavier's College, Kolkata, India
Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, Italy
Sophia University, Tokyo, Japan
Elisabeth University of Music, Hiroshima, Japan.
St. Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon
University of Pacific, Peru
Ateneo de Naga University, Philippines
Sogang University, Seoul, South Korea
University of Deusto, Bilbao, Spain
Comillas Pontifical University, Spain
Fordham University, New York City, United States
Fairfield University, Bellarmine Hall, Fairfield, Connecticut, United States
Sankt Georgen Graduate School of Philosophy and Theology, Frankfurt, Germany
Georgetown University, Washington DC, United States

It was founded by Ignatius of Loyola and six companions with the approval of Pope Paul III in 1540.

In 1534, Ignatius and six other young men, including Francis Xavier and Peter Faber, gathered and professed promises of poverty, chastity, and later obedience, including a special vow of obedience to the pope in matters of mission direction and assignment.

Portrait by Guercino, 1622 (oil on canvas, Getty Center, Los Angeles)

Pope Gregory XV

Head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 9 February 1621 to his death in 1623.

Head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 9 February 1621 to his death in 1623.

Portrait by Guercino, 1622 (oil on canvas, Getty Center, Los Angeles)
Bust of Pope Gregory XV, 1621 by Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Pope Gregory XV with his cardinal-nephew of unprecedented income and authority, Ludovico Ludovisi, known as il cardinale padrone
Portrait of Gregory XV by Guido Reni, ca. 1623
Monument to Pope Gregory XV and cardinal Ludovico Ludovisi by Pierre Le Gros the Younger (c. 1709–1714) Rome, Sant'Ignazio

On 12 March 1622, the pope canonized several saints: Francis Xavier, Ignatius of Loyola, Isidore the Laborer, Philip Neri and Teresa of Ávila.

Portrait of Pope Paul V by Caravaggio (1605–1606, Galleria Borghese)

Pope Paul V

Head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 16 May 1605 to his death.

Head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 16 May 1605 to his death.

Portrait of Pope Paul V by Caravaggio (1605–1606, Galleria Borghese)
Mosaic depicting the arms of Pope Paulus V (Camillo Borghese)
Facade of St. Peter's Basilica
Pope Paul V welcoming the embassy of the Japanese samurai Hasekura Tsunenaga in Rome in 1615. Japanese painting, 17th century.
Painting of Emanuele Ne Vunda, ambassador from Alvaro II to Pope Paul V in 1604–1608, Sala dei Corazzieri, Palazzo del Quirinale, Rome, 1615–1616.

He also beatified a number of individuals which included Ignatius Loyola (27 July 1609), Philip Neri (11 May 1615), Teresa of Avila (24 April 1614), Aloysius Gonzaga (10 October 1605), and Francis Xavier (25 October 1619).

Counter-Reformation

The period of Catholic resurgence that was initiated in response to the Protestant Reformation, also known as the Protestant Revolution.

The period of Catholic resurgence that was initiated in response to the Protestant Reformation, also known as the Protestant Revolution.

A copy of the Sixtine Vulgate, the Latin edition of the Catholic Bible printed in 1590 after many of the Council of Trent's reforms had begun to take place in Catholic worship
Confutatio Augustana (left) and Confessio Augustana (right) being presented to Charles V
A session of the Council of Trent, from an engraving
This 1711 illustration for the Index Librorum Prohibitorum depicts the Holy Ghost supplying the book burning fire.
Anabaptist Dirk Willems rescues his pursuer and is subsequently burned at the stake in 1569.
Peter Paul Rubens was the great Flemish artist of the Counter-Reformation. He painted Adoration of the Magi in 1624.
Matanzas Inlet, Florida, where the survivors were killed
Peak of the Reformation & beginning of the Counter-Reformation (1545–1620)
End of the Reformation & Counter-Reformation (1648)
Johann Michael Rottmayr (1729): The Catholic faith defeats Protestant heresies; part of a fresco inside Karlskirche in Vienna

The Catholic Reformation was not only a political and Church policy oriented movement, but it also included major figures such as Ignatius of Loyola, Teresa of Ávila, John of the Cross, Francis de Sales, and Philip Neri, who added to the spirituality of the Catholic Church.

Francis Xavier (1506–1552)

Alfonso Salmerón

Alfonso Salmeron

Spanish biblical scholar, a Catholic priest, and one of the first Jesuits.

Spanish biblical scholar, a Catholic priest, and one of the first Jesuits.

Alfonso Salmerón
Portrait of Alfonso Salmerón, Jesuit, found in the 1602 edition of Salmerón's commentary on the Gospel (Commentarii in Evangelicam Historiam et in Acta Apostolorum).

Here, through Diego Laynez, he met St. Ignatius of Loyola and with Laynez, St. Peter Faber and St. Francis Xavier, he enlisted as one of the first companions of Loyola in 1534.

Co-founder of the Society of Jesus

Peter Faber

Jesuit priest and theologian, who was also a co-founder of the Society of Jesus, along with Ignatius of Loyola and Francis Xavier.

Jesuit priest and theologian, who was also a co-founder of the Society of Jesus, along with Ignatius of Loyola and Francis Xavier.

Co-founder of the Society of Jesus
Saint Peter Faber, S.J.

He was admitted to the Collège Sainte-Barbe, the oldest school in the University of Paris, where he shared his lodgings with Francis Xavier.

At the university, Faber also met Ignatius of Loyola and became one of his associates.

Giacomo della Porta's façade, precursor of Baroque

Church of the Gesù

Mother church of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits), a Catholic religious order.

Mother church of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits), a Catholic religious order.

Giacomo della Porta's façade, precursor of Baroque
Dome
Main nave and altar
Detail of ceiling showing the trompe l'oeil effect
Saint Francis Xavier Chapel altar
St. Ignatius Chapel altar
Chapel of Madonna della Strada
Triumph of the Name of Jesus by Giovanni Battista Gaulli
Madonna Della Strada
Religion Overthrowing Heresy and Hatred by Legros
Original 16th-century tabernacle, moved to Thurles in Ireland
Triumph of Faith over Idolatry by Theodon

First conceived in 1551 by Saint Ignatius of Loyola, the founder of the Jesuits Society of Jesus, and active during the Protestant Reformation and the subsequent Catholic Counter-Reformation, the Gesù was also the home of the Superior General of the Society of Jesus until the suppression of the order in 1773.

The larger Saint Francis Xavier Chapel, in the right transept, was designed by Pietro da Cortona, originally commissioned by Cardinal Giovanni Francesco Negroni.

Calendar of saints (Church of England)

The Church of England commemorates many of the same saints as those in the General Roman Calendar, mostly on the same days, but also commemorates various notable (often post-Reformation) Christians who have not been canonised by Rome, with a particular though not exclusive emphasis on those of English origin.

The Church of England commemorates many of the same saints as those in the General Roman Calendar, mostly on the same days, but also commemorates various notable (often post-Reformation) Christians who have not been canonised by Rome, with a particular though not exclusive emphasis on those of English origin.

31 Ignatius of Loyola, Founder of the Society of Jesus, 1556

3 Francis Xavier, Jesuit Missionary, Apostle of the Indies, 1552

Civil War, external intervention, and territorial loss (1463)

Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre

Initiated by Ferdinand II of Aragon and completed by his grandson and successor Charles V in a series of military campaigns lasting from 1512 to 1524.

Initiated by Ferdinand II of Aragon and completed by his grandson and successor Charles V in a series of military campaigns lasting from 1512 to 1524.

Civil War, external intervention, and territorial loss (1463)
Castle of Olite, a major fortification and royal site (central Navarre)
Jauregizarre, a 16th-century tower house north of Navarre, home to the Ursua, a clan of notaries
The images of the cannons and king were removed from the coat of arms of Gipuzkoa (1979) as a gesture of friendship with Navarre
Coat of arms of King Ferdinand II of Aragon as of 1513, with Navarre added
Pope Julius II, died in the wake of his Pastor Ille Caelestis bull, written at the Chancery of Aragon in Rome
Antonio de Nebrija, an able scholar at the service of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile
The Castle of Xavier, home to John of Jaso, was partially demolished on orders of Cardinal Cisneros
Uxue (central Navarre), featuring a fortification spared thanks to an attached religious site
Francis Xavier and his family were involved and badly affected in the defense of Navarre
Ignatius of Loyola was severely injured on the leg by a Navarrese cannonball at Pamplona in May 1521
Henry II, successor to Queen Catherine as King of Navarre, pursued the reunification of Navarre
Fortress of Amaiur before 1512, sign at the foot of the hill
Memorial to the defenders of the independence of Navarre at the site of the Amaiur stronghold (1522–1922)
Stronghold of Hondarribia as depicted a century afterwards
Gave d'Aspe and Oloron across the river (Béarn)
Young Charles V inherited the hot issue of Navarre
Main entrance and bridge to St-Jean-Pied-de-Port

In 1507 the Parliament of Navarre appointed a diplomatic task force to France led by John of Jaso—president of the Royal Council of Navarre and father of Francis Xavier—and the bishop of Lescar.

As the Franco-Navarrese army approached Pamplona, the citizens revolted and besieged the Castilian military governor, Ignatius of Loyola, in his newly built castle.