Franciszek Ząbecki

Old and New Memories
Lieutenant Franciszek Ząbecki (8 October 1907 – 11 April 1987) was a station master at the village of Treblinka.wikipedia
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Treblinka, Masovian Voivodeship

Treblinkaon siteTreblinka Museum
Lieutenant Franciszek Ząbecki (8 October 1907 – 11 April 1987) was a station master at the village of Treblinka.
At the layover yard of Treblinka railway station the wagons waiting for "processing" were witnessed by Franciszek Ząbecki.

Łyszkowice, Łowicz County

Łyszkowice
Franciszek Ząbecki was born in Łyszkowice to Rozalia and Franciszek Ząbecki, as one of their four children.
Łyszkowice is a place of birth of the World War II member of Armia Krajowa, Holocaust resistor and author Franciszek Ząbecki who testified at the trials of German war criminals Kurt Franz and the commandant of Treblinka extermination camp, Franz Stangl.

Treblinka extermination camp

TreblinkaTreblinka concentration campTreblinka II
During the German occupation of Poland in World War II, Ząbecki worked as a dispatcher for the Deutsche Reichsbahn; he also became a secret soldier in the underground Armia Krajowa (AK), collecting classified data and reporting to the Polish resistance on the Holocaust transports that went to Treblinka extermination camp.
According to Franciszek Ząbecki, the local station master, Eupen often killed prisoners by "taking shots at them, as if they were partridges".

Treblinka trials

First Treblinka Trialthe first German trialsTreblinka trial
As former member of the Polish resistance movement in World War II, Ząbecki published a groundbreaking book in 1977 about his wartime experiences, containing original documents, his own Treblinka findings, as well as his postwar testimonies delivered at the Treblinka war-crime trials in Düsseldorf in 1965, 1966, 1968 and 1970, which he attended at the request of the German prosecutors.
More than 100 witnesses were called, with incriminating evidence presented by Franciszek Ząbecki, a dispatcher employed by the [[Deutsche Reichsbahn#1939-1945: The Reichsbahn in the Second World War and the Holocaust|Reichsbahn]] during the Holocaust train departures from across occupied Poland, proven by original German waybills he collected.

Station master

stationmasterstation agentstation manager
Lieutenant Franciszek Ząbecki (8 October 1907 – 11 April 1987) was a station master at the village of Treblinka.

Occupation of Poland (1939–1945)

occupied Polandoccupation of PolandGerman-occupied Poland
During the German occupation of Poland in World War II, Ząbecki worked as a dispatcher for the Deutsche Reichsbahn; he also became a secret soldier in the underground Armia Krajowa (AK), collecting classified data and reporting to the Polish resistance on the Holocaust transports that went to Treblinka extermination camp.

Train dispatcher

dispatcherrail traffic controllerdispatchers
During the German occupation of Poland in World War II, Ząbecki worked as a dispatcher for the Deutsche Reichsbahn; he also became a secret soldier in the underground Armia Krajowa (AK), collecting classified data and reporting to the Polish resistance on the Holocaust transports that went to Treblinka extermination camp.

Deutsche Reichsbahn

ReichsbahnDeutsche Reichsbahn-GesellschaftDRG
During the German occupation of Poland in World War II, Ząbecki worked as a dispatcher for the Deutsche Reichsbahn; he also became a secret soldier in the underground Armia Krajowa (AK), collecting classified data and reporting to the Polish resistance on the Holocaust transports that went to Treblinka extermination camp.

Polish resistance movement in World War II

Polish resistancePolish resistance movementPolish underground
During the German occupation of Poland in World War II, Ząbecki worked as a dispatcher for the Deutsche Reichsbahn; he also became a secret soldier in the underground Armia Krajowa (AK), collecting classified data and reporting to the Polish resistance on the Holocaust transports that went to Treblinka extermination camp. As former member of the Polish resistance movement in World War II, Ząbecki published a groundbreaking book in 1977 about his wartime experiences, containing original documents, his own Treblinka findings, as well as his postwar testimonies delivered at the Treblinka war-crime trials in Düsseldorf in 1965, 1966, 1968 and 1970, which he attended at the request of the German prosecutors.

The Holocaust in Poland

the Holocaust in occupied Polandthe HolocaustHolocaust in Poland
During the German occupation of Poland in World War II, Ząbecki worked as a dispatcher for the Deutsche Reichsbahn; he also became a secret soldier in the underground Armia Krajowa (AK), collecting classified data and reporting to the Polish resistance on the Holocaust transports that went to Treblinka extermination camp. Over 800,000 Jews were murdered there in the course of Operation Reinhard, the deadliest phase of the Holocaust in Poland.

Holocaust trains

Holocaust trainHolocaust transportsfreight trains
During the German occupation of Poland in World War II, Ząbecki worked as a dispatcher for the Deutsche Reichsbahn; he also became a secret soldier in the underground Armia Krajowa (AK), collecting classified data and reporting to the Polish resistance on the Holocaust transports that went to Treblinka extermination camp. From July 1942 until the end of war, Ząbecki regularly delivered his reports about the Holocaust trains to the Polish government-in-exile.

Operation Reinhard

Aktion ReinhardAktion ReinhardtOperation Reinhardt
Over 800,000 Jews were murdered there in the course of Operation Reinhard, the deadliest phase of the Holocaust in Poland.

Schutzstaffel

SSßNazi SS
After the war, Ząbecki testified at the trials of German war criminals, including SS officer Kurt Franz, and the commandant of Treblinka extermination camp, Franz Stangl.

Kurt Franz

After the war, Ząbecki testified at the trials of German war criminals, including SS officer Kurt Franz, and the commandant of Treblinka extermination camp, Franz Stangl.

Extermination camp

death campsdeath campextermination camps
After the war, Ząbecki testified at the trials of German war criminals, including SS officer Kurt Franz, and the commandant of Treblinka extermination camp, Franz Stangl.

Franz Stangl

Stangl
After the war, Ząbecki testified at the trials of German war criminals, including SS officer Kurt Franz, and the commandant of Treblinka extermination camp, Franz Stangl.

Polish government-in-exile

Polish government in exilePolandgovernment-in-exile
From July 1942 until the end of war, Ząbecki regularly delivered his reports about the Holocaust trains to the Polish government-in-exile.

Bednary, Masovian Voivodeship

Bednary
After graduation, he worked for the railway between 29 September 1925 and 15 October 1929 in Bednary near Łowicz, first as an apprentice and then as the radiotelegraph operator.

Łowicz

LowiczLovitshLovitz, Poland
After graduation, he worked for the railway between 29 September 1925 and 15 October 1929 in Bednary near Łowicz, first as an apprentice and then as the radiotelegraph operator.

Apprenticeship

apprenticeapprenticedapprenticeships
After graduation, he worked for the railway between 29 September 1925 and 15 October 1929 in Bednary near Łowicz, first as an apprentice and then as the radiotelegraph operator.

Wireless telegraphy

wireless telegraphradiotelegraphywireless
After graduation, he worked for the railway between 29 September 1925 and 15 October 1929 in Bednary near Łowicz, first as an apprentice and then as the radiotelegraph operator.

Zegrze Fortress

Ząbecki was drafted to serve at Zegrze Fortress from 15 October 1929 until 1 September 1931.

Sokołów Podlaski

Sokolow PodlaskiSokolowSokołów
Soon later, he relocated to Sokołów Podlaski, where his older brother Grzegorz worked at a sugar refinery.

Invasion of Poland

German invasion of Polandinvaded PolandSeptember Campaign
On 4 September 1939, during the German invasion of Poland he reported to the Communication Battalion of the Polish Army in Zegrze as the reserve (plutonowy).

Polish Land Forces

Polish ArmyArmyLand Forces
On 4 September 1939, during the German invasion of Poland he reported to the Communication Battalion of the Polish Army in Zegrze as the reserve (plutonowy).