Franklin D. Roosevelt

Official campaign portrait, 1944
Eleanor and Franklin with their first two children, 1908
Roosevelt in 1944
Roosevelt supported Governor Woodrow Wilson in the 1912 presidential election.
Theodore Roosevelt was Franklin Roosevelt's distant cousin and an important influence on his career.
Roosevelt as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, 1913
Cox and Roosevelt in Ohio, 1920
Rare photograph of Roosevelt in a wheelchair, with Fala and Ruthie Bie, the daughter of caretakers at his Hyde Park estate. Photo taken by his cousin Margaret Suckley (February 1941).
Gov. Roosevelt with his predecessor Al Smith, 1930
Results of the 1930 gubernatorial election in New York
Roosevelt in the early 1930s
1932 electoral vote results
Roosevelt signs the Social Security Act into law, August 14, 1935
1936 re-election handbill for Roosevelt promoting his economic policy
1936 electoral vote results
Roosevelt with Brazilian President Getúlio Vargas and other dignitaries in Brazil, 1936
The Roosevelts with King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, sailing from Washington, D.C., to Mount Vernon, Virginia, on the USS Potomac during the first U.S. visit of a reigning British monarch (June 9, 1939)
Foreign trips of Roosevelt during his presidency
1940 electoral vote results
Roosevelt and Winston Churchill aboard HMS Prince of Wales for 1941 Atlantic Charter meeting
Territory controlled by the Allies (blue and red) and the Axis Powers (black) in June 1942
The Allies (blue and red) and the Axis Powers (black) in December 1944
1944 electoral vote results
Official portrait of President Roosevelt by Frank O. Salisbury, c. 1947
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American politician and attorney who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.

- Franklin D. Roosevelt

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Columbia Law School

Law school of Columbia University, a private Ivy League university in New York City.

James Kent
The Gothic Revival Law Library on Columbia's Madison Avenue Campus
Theodore William Dwight
Low Memorial Library
Butler Library
Jerome L. Greene Hall, home of the law school and the Arthur W. Diamond Library. June 2019
Theodore Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Columbia Law has many distinguished alumni, including United States presidents Theodore Roosevelt and Franklin Delano Roosevelt; nine justices of the Supreme Court of the United States; numerous U.S. Cabinet members and presidential advisers; US senators; representatives; governors; and more members of the Forbes 400 than any other law school in the world.

Roosevelt family

American political family from New York whose members have included two United States presidents, a First Lady, and various merchants, bankers, politicians, inventors, clergymen, artists, and socialites.

Two distantly related branches of the family from Oyster Bay and Hyde Park, New York, rose to national political prominence with the presidencies of Theodore Roosevelt (1901–1909) and his fifth cousin Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933–1945), whose wife, First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, was Theodore's niece.

James M. Cox

American businessman and politician serving as the 46th and 48th governor of Ohio, a two-term U.S. Representative from Ohio, and the Democratic nominee for President of the United States at the 1920 presidential election.

Cox c. 1920
Cox/Roosevelt electoral poster
Roosevelt (left) and Cox (right) at a campaign appearance in Washington, D.C., 1920
Cox with FDR in Dayton, Ohio during 1920 presidential campaign

His running mate during his presidential campaign was future president Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Assistant Secretary of the Navy

Title given to certain civilian senior officials in the United States Department of the Navy.

The personal flag used by Assistant Secretaries of the Navy as well as the General Counsel of the Navy.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy from 1913 until 1920, and helped to implement Navy policies during World War I.

1932 United States presidential election

The 37th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 1932.

President Herbert Hoover and White House Press Secretary Theodore Joslin
Hoover addresses a large crowd in his 1932 campaign.
Roosevelt (seated, center) at Greenway Ranch in Williams, Arizona on September 26, 1932. He is accompanied by U.S. Senator from Arizona Carl Hayden standing far right, along with – among others – three Democrats from the U.S. Senate (seated): Pittman, Walsh, and Cohen.
Presidential election results by county
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Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt of New York
Former Governor Al Smith of New York <center> (campaign) </center>
Speaker of the House John Nance Garner of Texas
Governor William H. Murray of Oklahoma
President Herbert Hoover
Former Senator Joseph I. France from Maryland
Calvin Coolidge, former President of the United States (declined)
Senator Dwight Morrow from New Jersey (died)
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote
Democratic presidential election results by county
Republican presidential election results by county
"Other" presidential election results by county
Cartogram of presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Democratic presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Republican presidential election results by county
Cartogram of "Other" presidential election results by county

Incumbent Republican President Herbert Hoover was defeated in a landslide by Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt, the Governor of New York and the vice presidential nominee of the 1920 presidential election.

National Recovery Administration

Director Hugh S. Johnson on the cover of Time Magazine in 1933.
The film industry supported the NRA
NRA tapestry displayed at the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum in Hyde Park, New York
Blue Eagle with NRA code
Donald Richberg, an aid to FDR and co-author of the NIRA, sitting at his desk with a flag or tapestry in the Blue Eagle design hanging behind him.
Chart 3: Manufacturing employment in the United States from 1920 to 1940
Commemorative stamp issued by the U.S. Post Office on August 15, 1933

The National Recovery Administration (NRA) was a prime agency established by U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) in 1933.

73rd United States Congress

Meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Tennessee Valley Authority Act

With Franklin D. Roosevelt being sworn in a President on March 4, 1933, this gave the Democrats an overall federal government trifecta, also for the first time since the 65th Congress.

1936 United States presidential election

The 38th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1936.

Republican primaries by state results
Election poster in Manchester, NH
Presidential election results by county
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Governor Alf Landon of Kansas
Senator William Borah from Idaho
Publisher Frank Knox from Illinois
Former President Herbert Hoover from California
Former Vice President Charles G. Dawes from Illinois
Senator Charles L. McNary from Oregon
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote
Democratic presidential election results by county
Republican presidential election results by county
"Other" presidential election results by county
American Labor presidential election results by county
Cartogram of presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Democratic presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Republican presidential election results by county
Cartogram of "Other" presidential election results by county
Cartogram of American Labor presidential election results by county

In the midst of the Great Depression, incumbent Democratic President Franklin D. Roosevelt defeated Republican Governor Alf Landon of Kansas.

Modern liberalism in the United States

Form of social liberalism found in American politics.

Percent of self-identified liberals by state in 2018, according to a Gallup poll:
Bill Clinton and Tony Blair, adherents of the Third Way

Modern liberalism took shape during the 20th century, with roots in Theodore Roosevelt's Square Deal and New Nationalism, Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom, Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal, Harry S. Truman's Fair Deal, John F. Kennedy's New Frontier and Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society.

Governor of New York

Head of government of the U.S. state of New York.

The original Certificate of Election of John Jay as Governor of New York (June 6, 1795)

Often considered a potential candidate to lead the executive branch of the federal government, 10 New York governors have been selected as presidential candidates by a major party, four of whom (Martin Van Buren, Grover Cleveland, Theodore Roosevelt, and Franklin D. Roosevelt) were elected as president of the United States.