Franz Eckert

Franz Eckert (April 5, 1852 – August 6, 1916) was a German composer and musician who composed the harmony for Japan's national anthem, "Kimigayo" and the national anthem of the Korean Empire, "Aegukga".wikipedia
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National anthem of the Korean Empire

Daehan Jeguk AegukgaAegukgaKorean Empire Aegukga
Franz Eckert (April 5, 1852 – August 6, 1916) was a German composer and musician who composed the harmony for Japan's national anthem, "Kimigayo" and the national anthem of the Korean Empire, "Aegukga".
The national anthem was first commissioned by Emperor Gojong in 1901 and presented to the Korean court on 1 July 1902, by German composer Franz Eckert, who was the director of the Korean Empire's military band at the time.

Kimigayo

Japanese national anthemKimi ga YoNational Anthem of Japan
Franz Eckert (April 5, 1852 – August 6, 1916) was a German composer and musician who composed the harmony for Japan's national anthem, "Kimigayo" and the national anthem of the Korean Empire, "Aegukga".
The German musician Franz Eckert applied the melody with Western style harmony, creating the second and current version of "Kimigayo".

Nowa Ruda

Neurode
Eckert was a native of Neurode, Prussian Silesia (now Nowa Ruda, Poland), and the son of a court official.

Hochschule für Musik Carl Maria von Weber

Dresden ConservatoryMusikhochschule DresdenHochschule für Musik Carl Maria von Weber Dresden
He studied in the conservatories of Breslau (Wrocław) and the Royal Conservatory in Dresden, and specialized in military music at Neiße.

Foreign government advisors in Meiji Japan

foreign advisoro-yatoi gaikokujinoyatoi gaikokujin
Eckert was invited to the Empire of Japan as a foreign advisor at the behest of the Imperial Japanese Navy.

John William Fenton

The existing anthem had been created by John William Fenton in 1869.
The version developed by Franz Eckert using Fenton's and Hayashi's themes became the second and current version of Kimi ga Yo.

German Confederation

GermanyGermanGerman states
Franz Eckert (April 5, 1852 – August 6, 1916) was a German composer and musician who composed the harmony for Japan's national anthem, "Kimigayo" and the national anthem of the Korean Empire, "Aegukga".

Harmony

harmoniesharmonicharmony vocal
Franz Eckert (April 5, 1852 – August 6, 1916) was a German composer and musician who composed the harmony for Japan's national anthem, "Kimigayo" and the national anthem of the Korean Empire, "Aegukga".

Japan

JPNJapaneseJP
Franz Eckert (April 5, 1852 – August 6, 1916) was a German composer and musician who composed the harmony for Japan's national anthem, "Kimigayo" and the national anthem of the Korean Empire, "Aegukga".

National anthem

anthemnational songstate anthem
Franz Eckert (April 5, 1852 – August 6, 1916) was a German composer and musician who composed the harmony for Japan's national anthem, "Kimigayo" and the national anthem of the Korean Empire, "Aegukga".

Korean Empire

KoreaEmpire of KoreaGreat Korean Empire
Franz Eckert (April 5, 1852 – August 6, 1916) was a German composer and musician who composed the harmony for Japan's national anthem, "Kimigayo" and the national anthem of the Korean Empire, "Aegukga".

Province of Silesia

SilesiaPrussian SilesiaSilesia Province
Eckert was a native of Neurode, Prussian Silesia (now Nowa Ruda, Poland), and the son of a court official.

Poland

PolishPOLRepublic of Poland
Eckert was a native of Neurode, Prussian Silesia (now Nowa Ruda, Poland), and the son of a court official.

Wrocław

BreslauWroclawBreslau (Wrocław)
He studied in the conservatories of Breslau (Wrocław) and the Royal Conservatory in Dresden, and specialized in military music at Neiße.

Dresden

Dresden, GermanyJohannstadtDrezno
He studied in the conservatories of Breslau (Wrocław) and the Royal Conservatory in Dresden, and specialized in military music at Neiße.

Martial music

military musicmilitarymartial
He studied in the conservatories of Breslau (Wrocław) and the Royal Conservatory in Dresden, and specialized in military music at Neiße.

Nysa, Poland

NysaNeisseNeiße
He studied in the conservatories of Breslau (Wrocław) and the Royal Conservatory in Dresden, and specialized in military music at Neiße.

Imperial German Navy

Kaiserliche MarineGerman Imperial NavyGerman
He received an appointment to become bandmaster to the Kaiserliche Marine at Wilhelmshaven, where he caught the attention of the Japanese government in 1879.

Wilhelmshaven

Wilhelmshaven, GermanyKniphausenWilhemshaven
He received an appointment to become bandmaster to the Kaiserliche Marine at Wilhelmshaven, where he caught the attention of the Japanese government in 1879.

Meiji (era)

Meiji periodMeiji eraMeiji
He received an appointment to become bandmaster to the Kaiserliche Marine at Wilhelmshaven, where he caught the attention of the Japanese government in 1879.

Imperial Japanese Navy

JapaneseJapanese NavyJapanese Imperial Navy
Eckert was invited to the Empire of Japan as a foreign advisor at the behest of the Imperial Japanese Navy.

Gregorian mode

church modesplagalchurch mode
Eckert rearranged the existing anthem per the Gregorian mode for Western instrumentation, making suitable modifications for playability at sea, including a four-part vocal arrangement.

Tokyo Imperial Palace

Imperial PalaceImperial Palace in TokyoKōkyo
The new national anthem was first performed in the imperial palace on Emperor Meiji's birthday, 3 November 1880.

Emperor Meiji

Meiji EmperorMeijiMutsuhito
The new national anthem was first performed in the imperial palace on Emperor Meiji's birthday, 3 November 1880.

Imperial Household Agency

Imperial Household MinistryImperial HouseholdImperial Household Minister
In March 1888, Eckert joined the Department of Classical Music of the Imperial Household Ministry, established the military band of the Imperial Guards, and founded the military band of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy.