Franz Joseph I of Austria

Franz Joseph IFranz JosephEmperor Franz JosephFrancis Joseph IFranz JosefFrancis JosephFranz Josef IEmperor Franz Joseph IEmperor Franz JosefFranz Joseph of Austria
Franz Joseph I or Francis Joseph I (Franz Joseph I.; 18 August 1830 – 21 November 1916) was Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, King of Bohemia, and monarch of many other states of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, from 2 December 1848 to his death.wikipedia
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Ferdinand I of Austria

Ferdinand IFerdinand VFerdinand
In December 1848, Emperor Ferdinand abdicated the throne at Olomouc, as part of Minister President Felix zu Schwarzenberg's plan to end the Revolutions of 1848 in Hungary.
He was succeeded by his nephew, Franz Joseph.

Charles I of Austria

Charles ICharles IVKarl I
He was succeeded by his grandnephew Charles.
After his uncle Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated in 1914, Charles became heir presumptive of Emperor Franz Joseph.

List of longest-reigning monarchs

longest-reigning queen regnantlongest reigning monarchslongest-reigning
Franz Joseph died on 21 November 1916, after ruling his domains for almost 68 years as one of the longest-reigning monarchs in modern history.

Maximilian I of Mexico

Emperor MaximilianMaximilianMaximilian I
He ruled peacefully for the next 45 years, but personally suffered the tragedies of the execution of his brother, the Emperor Maximilian of Mexico in 1867, the suicide of his only son and heir-apparent, Crown Prince Rudolf, in 1889, the assassination of his wife, Empress Elisabeth, in 1898, and the assassination of his nephew and heir-presumptive, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, in 1914. Franz Joseph was soon joined by three younger brothers: Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian (born 1832, the future Emperor Maximilian of Mexico); Archduke Karl Ludwig (born 1833, father of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria), and Archduke Ludwig Viktor (born 1842), and a sister, Maria Anna (born 1835), who died at the age of four.
He was a younger brother of the Austrian emperor Franz Joseph I.

Archduke Franz Karl of Austria

Archduke Franz KarlFranz KarlArch-Duke Franz Carl
Franz Joseph was born in the Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna (on the 65th anniversary of the death of Francis of Lorraine) as the eldest son of Archduke Franz Karl (the younger son of Holy Roman Emperor Francis II), and his wife Princess Sophie of Bavaria.
He was the father of two emperors: Franz Joseph I of Austria and Maximilian I of Mexico.

Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria

Archduke Franz FerdinandFranz FerdinandArchduke Ferdinand
He ruled peacefully for the next 45 years, but personally suffered the tragedies of the execution of his brother, the Emperor Maximilian of Mexico in 1867, the suicide of his only son and heir-apparent, Crown Prince Rudolf, in 1889, the assassination of his wife, Empress Elisabeth, in 1898, and the assassination of his nephew and heir-presumptive, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, in 1914. Franz Joseph was soon joined by three younger brothers: Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian (born 1832, the future Emperor Maximilian of Mexico); Archduke Karl Ludwig (born 1833, father of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria), and Archduke Ludwig Viktor (born 1842), and a sister, Maria Anna (born 1835), who died at the age of four.
Franz Ferdinand was born in Graz, Austria, the eldest son of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria (the younger brother of Franz Joseph and Maximilian) and of his second wife, Princess Maria Annunciata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.

Hungary

HungarianHUNRepublic of Hungary
He concluded the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, which granted greater autonomy to Hungary and transformed the Austrian Empire into the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
To counter the successes of the Hungarian revolutionary army, Habsburg Emperor Franz Joseph I asked for help from the "Gendarme of Europe", Tsar Nicholas I, whose Russian armies invaded Hungary.

Klemens von Metternich

MetternichPrince MetternichPrince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich
During the Revolutions of 1848 the Austrian Chancellor Prince Metternich resigned (March-April 1848).
After a brief exile in London, Brighton, and Brussels that lasted until 1851, he returned to the Viennese court, this time to offer only advice to Ferdinand's successor, Franz Josef.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
That activated a system of alliances which resulted in World War I.
Although they were reportedly not personally close, the Emperor Franz Joseph was profoundly shocked and upset.

Olomouc

OlmützOlmutzOlomouc, Czech Republic
In December 1848, Emperor Ferdinand abdicated the throne at Olomouc, as part of Minister President Felix zu Schwarzenberg's plan to end the Revolutions of 1848 in Hungary.
Most of its faculties were suppressed in the 1850s by the Habsburg régime in retaliation for professor and student support for the 1848 revolution and the Czech National Revival.

Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia

Kingdom of Lombardy-VenetiaLombardy-VenetiaLombardy–Venetia
The Austrian Empire was forced to cede its influence over Tuscany and most of its claim to Lombardy–Venetia to the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia, following the Second Italian War of Independence in 1859 and the Third Italian War of Independence in 1866.
Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria ruled over the Kingdom for the rest of its existence.

Archduke Ludwig Viktor of Austria

Ludwig ViktorArchduke Ludwig ViktorLudwig Victor
Franz Joseph was soon joined by three younger brothers: Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian (born 1832, the future Emperor Maximilian of Mexico); Archduke Karl Ludwig (born 1833, father of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria), and Archduke Ludwig Viktor (born 1842), and a sister, Maria Anna (born 1835), who died at the age of four.
Archduke Ludwig Viktor Joseph Anton of Austria (15 May 1842 – 18 January 1919) from the House of Habsburg was the youngest son born to Archduke Franz Karl of Austria and Princess Sophie of Bavaria and younger brother of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria.

Hungarian Revolution of 1848

Hungarian RevolutionHungarian War of Independence1848 Revolution
At the same time, a military campaign was necessary against the Hungarians, who had rebelled against Habsburg central authority in the name of their ancient liberties.
The young emperor Franz Joseph I had to call for Russian help in the name of the Holy Alliance.

Maximilian Karl Lamoral O'Donnell

Maximilian Graf O'Donnell von TyrconellMaximilian Graf O'Donnell von TyrconnellMaximilian Graf O’Donnell von Tyrconnell
The emperor was taking a stroll with one of his officers, Count Maximilian Karl Lamoral O'Donnell, on a city bastion, when Libényi approached him.
Maximilian Karl Lamoral Graf O’Donnell von Tyrconnell (October 29, 1812 — July 14, 1895) was an Austrian officer and civil servant who became famous when he helped save the life of Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria.

Votivkirche, Vienna

Votive ChurchVotivkircheVotive Church, Vienna
It is located on Ringstraße in the district of Alsergrund close to the University of Vienna, and is known as the Votivkirche.
Following the attempted assassination of Emperor Franz Joseph in 1853, the Emperor's brother Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian inaugurated a campaign to create a church to thank God for saving the Emperor's life.

Schönbrunn Palace

SchönbrunnSchloss SchönbrunnPalace and Gardens of Schönbrunn
Franz Joseph was born in the Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna (on the 65th anniversary of the death of Francis of Lorraine) as the eldest son of Archduke Franz Karl (the younger son of Holy Roman Emperor Francis II), and his wife Princess Sophie of Bavaria.
Franz Joseph, the longest-reigning emperor of Austria, was born at Schönbrunn and spent a great deal of his life there.

Baron Alexander von Bach

Alexander BachAlexander von BachBach
The 1849 constitution was suspended, and a policy of absolutist centralism was established, guided by the Minister of the Interior, Alexander Bach.
His most notable achievement was instituting a system of centralized control at the beginning of the reign of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria.

Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austriaassassinationassassinated
He ruled peacefully for the next 45 years, but personally suffered the tragedies of the execution of his brother, the Emperor Maximilian of Mexico in 1867, the suicide of his only son and heir-apparent, Crown Prince Rudolf, in 1889, the assassination of his wife, Empress Elisabeth, in 1898, and the assassination of his nephew and heir-presumptive, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, in 1914.
In 1913, Emperor Franz Joseph commanded Archduke Franz Ferdinand to observe the military maneuvers in Bosnia scheduled for June 1914.

Battle of Solferino

SolferinoSan MartinoBattle of Solférino
When Franz Joseph returned to constitutional rule after the debacles in Italy at Magenta and Solferino and summoned the diets of his lands, the question of his coronation as king of Bohemia again returned to the agenda, as it had not since 1848.
The Battle of Solferino (referred to in Italy as the Battle of Solferino and San Martino) on 24 June 1859 resulted in the victory of the allied French Army under Napoleon III and Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II (together known as the Franco-Sardinian Alliance) against the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I.

Vienna Ring Road

RingstraßeRingstrasseRingstraßenpalais
It is located on Ringstraße in the district of Alsergrund close to the University of Vienna, and is known as the Votivkirche.
In 1857, Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria issued the decree "I have resolved to command" (Es ist Mein Wille at Wikisource) ordering the demolition of the city walls and moats.

Second Italian War of Independence

Franco-Austrian WarAustro-Sardinian WarSecond War of Italian Independence
The Austrian Empire was forced to cede its influence over Tuscany and most of its claim to Lombardy–Venetia to the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia, following the Second Italian War of Independence in 1859 and the Third Italian War of Independence in 1866.
Replacing Gyulai was Emperor Franz Josef I himself.

Libuše (opera)

LibušeLibuše'' (opera)
For the planned coronation, the composer Bedřich Smetana had written the opera Libuše, but the ceremony did not take place.
The opera was composed in 1871–72 for the coronation of Franz Josef as King of Bohemia.

Battle of Santa Lucia

Santa Lucia
Sent instead to the front in Italy, he joined Field Marshal Radetzky on campaign on 29 April, receiving his baptism of fire on 5 May at Santa Lucia.
Franz Joseph (then only 17 years old) assisted at the battle.

1903 papal conclave

conclave of 1903papal conclave of 19031903
In 1903, Franz Joseph's veto of Cardinal Mariano Rampolla's election to the papacy was transmitted to the Papal conclave by Cardinal Jan Puzyna de Kosielsko.
Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria asserted the right claimed by certain Catholic rulers to veto a candidate for the papacy, blocking the election of the leading candidate, Cardinal Secretary of State Mariano Rampolla.

Unification of Germany

German unificationunificationunified Germany
Although Franz Joseph ceded no territory to the Kingdom of Prussia after the Austrian defeat in the Austro-Prussian War, the Peace of Prague (23 August 1866) settled the German Question in favour of Prussia, which prevented the Unification of Germany from occurring under the House of Habsburg.
In 1867, the Austrian emperor Franz Joseph accepted a settlement (the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867) in which he gave his Hungarian holdings equal status with his Austrian domains, creating the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary.