Franz Sigel

Franz Sigel
Riverside Drive, New York City
Portrait from Appleton's Cyclopedia

German American military officer, revolutionary and immigrant to the United States who was a teacher, newspaperman, politician, and served as a Union major general in the American Civil War.

- Franz Sigel
Franz Sigel

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Battle of Fredericksburg by Kurz and Allison

Battle of Fredericksburg

Fought December 11–15, 1862, in and around Fredericksburg, Virginia, in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War.

Fought December 11–15, 1862, in and around Fredericksburg, Virginia, in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War.

Battle of Fredericksburg by Kurz and Allison
Virginia, 1862
A piece of artillery forming part of "Longstreet's Line" on Marye's Heights during the Battle of Fredericksburg
Fredericksburg campaign, situation November 19, 1862 and movements since October 10
Skinkers Neck on the Rappanhannock below Fredericksburg, VA, 1862 sketch by Alfred Waud
Overview of the battle, December 13, 1862
Part of Franklin's "Left Grand Division" charges across the railroad
Attack on the Rebel Works, 1862 sketch by Alfred Waud
Sumner's assault, 1:00 p.m., December 13, 1862. The sequence of Union division attacks was French (II Corps), Hancock (II), Howard (II), and Sturgis (IX).
Hooker's assault, 3:30 p.m., December 13, 1862. The sequence of Union division attacks was Griffin (V Corps), Humphreys (V), and Getty (IX).
The Confederate troops behind the stone wall
The sunken road at Marye's Heights in 2010. Approximately 3,000 Georgians under Thomas R. R. Cobb were lined up in multiple ranks behind the stone wall, and another 3,000 were atop the slope behind it, along with their artillery.
Genl. Humphreys charging at the head of his division after sunset of Dec 13, 1862 sketch by Alfred Waud
Here is the only known instance in which the Union photographers succeeded in getting a near view of the Confederate troops. Mathew Brady's photo shows the other bank of Rappahannock after General Lee allowed Federal troops to collect bodies of fallen soldiers.
Civil War Trust President Jim Lighthizer at Slaughter Pen Farm
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Union Army pontoon boats mobilized for deployment
Model of a portion of the pontoon bridge built for the film Gods and Generals, displayed at the Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park
Pontoon bridges at Franklin's Crossing
Barksdale's Mississippi brigade fires at the Union engineers
Overview of the battle, December 13, 1862 (additional map 1)
Overview of the battle, December 13, 1862 (additional map 2)
Western view from Fredericksburg down Telegraph Road with Marye's Heights visible in the distant center
Marye's House upon Marye's Heights was the center of the Confederate position during the battle. Confederate troop encampments are visible to the right
Burnside's headquarters at Phillips House during the battle
Sumner's headquarters, Chatham Manor, on Stafford Heights; Burnside observed the battle primarily from this location
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The Reserve, commanded by Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel of the XI Corps, was in the area of Fairfax Court House. The XII Corps, under Maj. Gen. Henry W. Slocum, was called from Harpers Ferry to Dumfries, Virginia, to join the reserve force on December 9, but none of these troops participated in the battle.

Portrait of Oliver O. Howard by Mathew Brady, during the Civil War

Oliver Otis Howard

Career United States Army officer and a Union general in the Civil War.

Career United States Army officer and a Union general in the Civil War.

Portrait of Oliver O. Howard by Mathew Brady, during the Civil War
Monument to Howard in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
Howard in 1893 at Governor's Island
The General Oliver Otis Howard House, located on the campus of Howard University in Washington, D.C., was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1974.
Howard ca. 1908

He was promoted to major general in November 1862 and assumed command of the XI Corps the following April, replacing Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel.

The Battle of Pea Ridge, Ark. by Kurz & Allison

Battle of Pea Ridge

The Battle of Pea Ridge (March 7–8, 1862), also known as the Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, took place in the American Civil War near Leetown, northeast of Fayetteville, Arkansas.

The Battle of Pea Ridge (March 7–8, 1862), also known as the Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, took place in the American Civil War near Leetown, northeast of Fayetteville, Arkansas.

The Battle of Pea Ridge, Ark. by Kurz & Allison
Plan of the Battlefield of Pea Ridge
Battle of Pea Ridge (Day 1 and Day 2)
Troop arrangement at the Battle of Leetown
Lee Town fight
Confederate position overlooking Pea Ridge battleground.
Pea Ridge National Military Park
Troop deployment at Elkhorn Tavern
The last hour of the battle
Curtis's headquarters at Pratt's Store
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Over half of the Union soldiers were German immigrants, grouped into the 1st and 2nd Divisions, which were under the command of Brig. Gen. Franz Sigel, a German immigrant who had expected to command the army forces into Arkansas.

Samuel R. Curtis in 1862

Samuel Ryan Curtis

American military officer and one of the first Republicans elected to Congress.

American military officer and one of the first Republicans elected to Congress.

Samuel R. Curtis in 1862
Equestrian statue on the Keokuk riverfront

The Army originally consisted of three divisions, the 1st commanded by Brig. Gen. Franz Sigel, the 2nd by Brig. Gen. Alexander Asboth, and the 3rd by Col. Jefferson C. Davis.

Carl Schurz in 1860. A participant of the 1848 revolution in Germany, he immigrated to the United States and became the 13th United States Secretary of the Interior

Forty-Eighters

The Forty-Eighters were Europeans who participated in or supported the revolutions of 1848 that swept Europe.

The Forty-Eighters were Europeans who participated in or supported the revolutions of 1848 that swept Europe.

Carl Schurz in 1860. A participant of the 1848 revolution in Germany, he immigrated to the United States and became the 13th United States Secretary of the Interior
St. Louis Turnverein, 1860

Soldiers in the American Civil War: Louis Blenker; Alexander Schimmelpfennig; Carl Schurz; Franz Sigel; Max Weber; August Willich; Peter Joseph Osterhaus; Frederick Salomon; Adolph von Steinwehr; Joseph Weydemeyer; Gustav Struve

The  Battle of Wilson's Creek  by Kurz & Allison

Battle of Wilson's Creek

The first major battle of the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War.

The first major battle of the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War.

The  Battle of Wilson's Creek  by Kurz & Allison
The battle as depicted on a mural in the Missouri State Capitol
Battle of Wilson's Creek (August 10, 1861)
The Ray House at the eastern end of Wilson's Creek National Battlefield
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On August 10, Lyon, in two columns commanded by himself and Col. Franz Sigel, attacked the Confederates on Wilson's Creek about 10 mi southwest of Springfield.

German Americans

German Americans (Deutschamerikaner, ) are Americans who have full or partial German ancestry.

German Americans (Deutschamerikaner, ) are Americans who have full or partial German ancestry.

John Jacob Astor, in an oil painting by Gilbert Stuart, 1794, was the first of the Astor family dynasty and the first millionaire in the United States, making his fortune in the fur trade and New York City real estate.
Carl Schurz was the first German born US Senator (Missouri, 1868) and later US Secretary of the Interior
German population density in the United States, 1872
"From the Old to the New World" shows German emigrants boarding a steamer in Hamburg, to New York. Harper's Weekly, (New York) November 7, 1874
The Wahrenberger House in Austin served as a German-American school.
Temporary quarters for Volga Germans in central Kansas, 1875
The German vote in 1900 was in doubt; they opposed the "repudiation" policy of Bryan (right poster), but also disliked the overseas expansion McKinley had delivered (left poster)
Hugo Münsterberg, Harvard professor of psychology
Marlene Dietrich signing a soldier's cast (Belgium, 1944)
Parking meter checker stands by his police vehicle which is imprinted with the German word for police (Polizei). It is part of the town's highlighting its German ethnic origins. New Ulm, Minnesota, July 1974.
US Ancestries by County, Germany in light blue, census
Distribution of Americans claiming German Ancestry by county in 2018
The Hermann Heights Monument in New Ulm, Minnesota. Erected by the Sons of Hermann, it is the 3rd largest copper statue in the United States after the Statue of Liberty and Portlandia. Historians have regarded Hermann's victory over Roman troops in 9CE as Rome's greatest defeat, and in the 19th century he became a symbol of unity for German immigrants facing anti-German sentiment in the United States
German newspapers in North America, 1922
This 1850 census map shows the Lutheran population. Nearly all were German, since few Scandinavians had arrived yet.
Anastasy Vonsyatsky marching with the German American Bund in 1939
American wartime propaganda depicted the bloodthirsty German "Hun" soldier as an enemy of civilization, with his eyes on America from across the Atlantic
German-American farmer John Meints of Minnesota was tarred and feathered in August 1918 for allegedly not supporting war bond drives.

A popular Union commander among Germans, Major General Franz Sigel was the highest-ranking German officer in the Union Army, with many German immigrants claiming to enlist to "fight mit Sigel".

Harpers Ferry, West Virginia

Historic town in Jefferson County, West Virginia, United States, in the lower Shenandoah Valley.

Historic town in Jefferson County, West Virginia, United States, in the lower Shenandoah Valley.

Park sign with mileage information for the Appalachian Trail in Harpers Ferry
Gravesite of Robert Harper
The Potomac Canal at Harper's Ferry. Note it is seen in two places.
Harper's Ferry in 1859
Preserved John Brown's Fort (the engine house) in 2007
Stereoscopic picture of contraband camp at Harpers Ferry, about 1861. Note John Brown's Fort in background.
July 20, 1861 Harper's Weekly news illustration: camel back locomotive and tender wrecked by the rebels in Harpers Ferry
Harpers Ferry in 1865, looking east (downstream); the ruins of the musket factory can be seen in the center
Harpers Ferry and bridge from Maryland Heights, 1872
Maryland Heights, Harpers Ferry, 1873
Soldiers' Gate, Storer College
1903 advertisement for the Dime Museum, showing that Harpers Ferry, easy to reach by rail, was already receiving tourists.
Hilltop House, Harpers Ferry, WV, about 1914
Around Picturesque Harper's Ferry, 1904—a book for tourists.
Footbridge over the Potomac Canal and part of the Potomac River to Island Park, a recreation area built by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad on Byrne Island, Harpers Ferry, WV
Steam heat, electric light, and fishing guides and bait at short notice. 1903.
National Park Service map of Harper Ferry showing the Appalachian Trail, with (1) being the scene of John Brown's raid
Recreation of a 19th-century gun-making shop
Aerial view, looking east in October 1974.
View from Maryland Heights
The junction of US 340 and unsigned US 340 Alternate in Harpers Ferry
B&O RR Columbian at Harpers Ferry in 1949
Mennen's Borated Talcum Toilet Powder advertisement on the cliff face of Maryland Heights opposite Harpers Ferry.
2016 US Mint Harpers Ferry (John Brown's Fort) quarter

On 4 July 1864, the Union commanding Gen. Franz Sigel withdrew his troops to Maryland Heights.

Carthage Battlefield

Battle of Carthage, Missouri

The Battle of Carthage, also known as the Engagement near Carthage, took place at the beginning of the American Civil War on July 5, 1861, near Carthage, Missouri.

The Battle of Carthage, also known as the Engagement near Carthage, took place at the beginning of the American Civil War on July 5, 1861, near Carthage, Missouri.

Carthage Battlefield
Led by Governor Jackson, the Missouri State Guard fought a strong defensive campaign and stopped the Union advance at Carthage.
The battle as depicted in Harper's Weekly

The experienced Colonel Franz Sigel commanded 1,100 Federal soldiers intent on keeping Missouri within the Union.

Sigel, Illinois

Incorporated town in Shelby County, Illinois, United States.

Incorporated town in Shelby County, Illinois, United States.

The town was named after Franz Sigel, (1824–1902), a Union general in the American Civil War.