Frederick Augustus, Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Oels

Frederick AugustusFrederick August IFrederick Augustus of Brunswick-LüneburgFrederick Augustus, Duke of OelsPrince Frederick Augustus
Frederick Augustus of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (29 October 1740, Wolfenbüttel – 8 October 1805, Eisenach) was a German nobleman and Prussian general.wikipedia
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Duchy of Oels

OelsOleśnicaDuchy of Oleśnica
A prince of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel and thus one of the Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg, in 1792 he was granted the Duchy of Oels and the Duchy of Bernstadt and thus also became the ruling duke of these duchies.
The Württemberg dukes remained landowners until in 1792 the duchy was inherited by Frederick Augustus of Brunswick-Lüneburg, son of Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.

Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia

Philippine Charlotte of PrussiaPhilippine Charlottethe Dowager Duchess
One of thirteen children of Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and his wife Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia, in 1754 he became a captain in the Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Lifeguard regiment and on 28 April 1761 became an oberst and commander of the Zastrow Foot Regiment.

Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

Karl ICharles ICharles I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
One of thirteen children of Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and his wife Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia, in 1754 he became a captain in the Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Lifeguard regiment and on 28 April 1761 became an oberst and commander of the Zastrow Foot Regiment.

Battle of Ölper (1761)

Battle of ÖlperÖlper
On 17 August 1761 he was made a major general and in October that year fought at Ölper and thus in the liberation of the city of Brunswick from its last siege.

Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

Duke of BrunswickFrederick WilliamFrederick William of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
The duchy of Oels passed to his nephew Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, the so-called 'Black Duke'.
In 1805, after his uncle, Frederick Augustus, Duke of Oels, had died childless, Frederick William inherited the Duchy of Oels, a small mediatized principality in Silesia subordinate to the King of Prussia.

Charles Christian Erdmann, Duke of Württemberg-Oels

Charles Christian ErdmannCharles Christian Erdmann of Württemberg-OelsCharles Christian Erdmann, Prince of Württemberg-Oels
On 6 September 1768 he married Princess Friederike Sophie Charlotte Auguste of Württemberg-Oels (1 August 1751 – 4 November 1789), daughter of Charles Christian Erdmann, Duke of Württemberg-Oels (1716–1792), though the marriage remained childless right up to her death in 1789.
He had a daughter, Princess Friederike Sophie Charlotte Auguste of Württemberg-Oels (1 August 1751 – 4 November 1789), who married Frederick Augustus, Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Oels.

Wolfenbüttel

Wolfenbüttel CastleWolfenbuettelHalchter
Frederick Augustus of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (29 October 1740, Wolfenbüttel – 8 October 1805, Eisenach) was a German nobleman and Prussian general.

Eisenach

Eisenach, GermanyEisenach, Kreisfreie StadtGöringen
Frederick Augustus of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (29 October 1740, Wolfenbüttel – 8 October 1805, Eisenach) was a German nobleman and Prussian general.

Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg

Brunswick-LüneburgDuke of Brunswick-LüneburgBrunswick
A prince of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel and thus one of the Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg, in 1792 he was granted the Duchy of Oels and the Duchy of Bernstadt and thus also became the ruling duke of these duchies.

Duchy of Bernstadt

BernstadtWürttemberg-BernstadtBierutów
A prince of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel and thus one of the Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg, in 1792 he was granted the Duchy of Oels and the Duchy of Bernstadt and thus also became the ruling duke of these duchies.

Oberst

ColonelOberst (Colonel)Oberst i.G.
One of thirteen children of Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and his wife Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia, in 1754 he became a captain in the Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Lifeguard regiment and on 28 April 1761 became an oberst and commander of the Zastrow Foot Regiment.

Seven Years' War

Seven Years’ WarSeven Years WarThe Seven Years' War
During the Seven Years' War he fought at Vellinghausen, Wilhelmsthal, Melsungen, Homburg and Fritzlar.

Battle of Wilhelmsthal

WilhelmsthalWilhelmstahlWilhelmstal
During the Seven Years' War he fought at Vellinghausen, Wilhelmsthal, Melsungen, Homburg and Fritzlar.

Melsungen

Felsberg, HesseKehrenbach, MelsungenKirchhof
During the Seven Years' War he fought at Vellinghausen, Wilhelmsthal, Melsungen, Homburg and Fritzlar.

Braunschweig

BrunswickBrunswick, GermanyBraunschweig, Germany
On 17 August 1761 he was made a major general and in October that year fought at Ölper and thus in the liberation of the city of Brunswick from its last siege.

Anna Louisa Karsch

Anna Luise KarschAnna KarschDarbach or Karsch, Louisa
In her ode Über den Entsatz von Braunschweig (1761), Anna Luise Karsch wrote:

Leopold of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

LeopoldMaximilian Jules LeopoldMaximilian Julius Leopold
He and two of his brothers (Wilhelm Adolf and Leopold) were freemasons and from 1771 he was a Socius, Amicus et Fautor ordinis member of the Rite of Strict Observance, in which he was made Prefect of the Temple (Berlin) in 1773 as Superior und Protector ordinis.

Rite of Strict Observance

Strict ObservanceOrder of Strict ObservanceRectified Scottish Rite
He and two of his brothers (Wilhelm Adolf and Leopold) were freemasons and from 1771 he was a Socius, Amicus et Fautor ordinis member of the Rite of Strict Observance, in which he was made Prefect of the Temple (Berlin) in 1773 as Superior und Protector ordinis.

Rosicrucianism

RosicrucianRosicruciansRosicrucian Manifestos
The Freimaurerlexikon of 1932 states he had a strong mystical predisposition and called him an alchemist, Rosicrucian, exorcist and miracle-working doctor, in constant contact with the "great swindlers of the order" (namely Gottlieb Franz Xaver Gugomos and the Leipzig cafe owner Schröpfer).

Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

Ferdinand of BrunswickDuke Ferdinand of BrunswickPrince Ferdinand of Brunswick
With his uncle Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick and despite warnings from Du Bosc and Karl Eberhard von Wächter, he kept in contact with the Count of Saint Germain, an internationally-famous alchemist and occultist.

Count of St. Germain

Comte de Saint-GermainCount of St GermainSaint Germain
With his uncle Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick and despite warnings from Du Bosc and Karl Eberhard von Wächter, he kept in contact with the Count of Saint Germain, an internationally-famous alchemist and occultist.

Frederick the Great

Frederick II of PrussiaFrederick IIFriedrich II of Prussia
In 1763 Frederick Augustus became a lieutenant general and commander of the Tettenborn Foot Regiment (later 19th Regiment) in Prussian service, becoming a favourite of his uncle Frederick II of Prussia and from then on always accompanying him on manoeuvres.

Kostrzyn nad Odrą

KüstrinKostrzynKustrin
He was also made governor of the fortress at Küstrin.

Order of the Black Eagle

Black Eagle OrderKnight of the Black EagleBlack Eagle
On 1 October 1763 he was made a knight of the Order of the Black Eagle.

Prussian Academy of Sciences

Berlin AcademyBerlin Academy of SciencesPrussian Academy of Science
On 20 December 1764 he was made an honorary member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences.